Defining a Closeup

When attempting to get a tight shot, the inexperienced photographer will often ask How-close can I get with this camera This person is thinking in ordinary terms. If you're photographing normal subjects at normal distances (especially if you're using a standard point-and-shoot camera with a fixed lens), then it is true that the closer you are to your subject, the larger the resulting image is on film. However, when you switch to a 35mm SLR and start to take closeups, you must rephrase the...

Supplementary Lenses

The simplest and least expensive way to make a lens focus closer is to add a supplementary lens to it. Supplementaries which are also known as closetip lenses, diopter lenses, and plus lenses are thin lenses that look just like filters and usually screw onto the front of a lens just like filters do. They are available in standard filter sizes such as 52mm, 58mm, or 62mm in diameter. Attaching a supplemen tary to a lens, whether a fixed-focal-length or a zoom, allows the lens to focus in the...

Tripod Leg Covers

Metal tripods are cold in winter, hot to handle in midsummer, and hard on shoulders when carried. However, 1 certainly don't want to give up my aluminum Gitzo tripods picture quality is worth a little inconvenience. So, make your tripod a bit more user-friendly by covering the legs. Even when you're wearing heavy gloves, holding a metal tripod in winter quickly draws heat from your hands. You'll get colder and colder the more you have to deal with the tripod. An easy solution is to wrap the...

Nature Photographers Calendar A Seasonal Guide to Locations

Anyplace in the world is beautiful if you're there at the right time. Being in the most exotic locale on earth at exactly the wrong time, whether it be the wrong time of day or the wrong season or the wrong year, is far worse than being in a mediocre location at the perfect time with great light and great conditions. But how to plan it so you're always in the right place at the right time There are many resources available, including tourist bureaus and travel councils. Information specifically...

Tripod Snoyvshoes

Photographing in winter in the western states is a shock to many photographers that snow is really deep It's bad enough that you sink into it, but your tripod also disappears beneath the drifts. Well, just as you can use snowshoes on your feet (and snowshoes are far easier to use for photography than cross-country skis), you can put snowshoes on your tripod's feet. As with tripod leg pads, you can purchase tripod snowshoes ready made. But it is extremely easy to make your own set for a total...

Zooms with Diopters

Diopters really come into their own when they're paired with a longer-focal-length zoom lens. Zooms arc incredibly popular, and most photographers already own one that reaches the 200mm or 300mm range. Pairing a quality diopter with either of these is a great way to work. In fact, if you already own a long zoom lens adding a two-element diopter would be my number one suggestion for close up work. It's an inexpensive, easily packed, and extremely simple tool to get you started photographing...

The Wimberley head

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This is a very special-purpose piece of equipment. It is a large, bulky, gimbal-type tripod head designed for one thing, and one thing only action work with a heavy long-focal-length lens. If you do much photography of birds in particular, and you use a lens such as a 500mm f 4 or 600mm 4, you should definitely consider a Wimberley. A big, heavy lens has a tendency to tip forward or flop to the side when you loosen your tripod head's locking knobs to aim it. Since the Wimberley is based on a...

Graduated Neutral Density Filters

No film can record the contrast range that our eyes can see. If you are standing in a location with contrasty lighting for example, a forest on a bright, sunny day you can see detail in both the darkest shadow areas and the brightest highlight spots simultaneously. Our eyes are very accommodating most people's vision can handle a contrast range of about 12 to 14 stops. This is not true of film, which at best can only deal with about a 5-stop range in any one scene. Most beginning photographers...

Shutter speed

Shutter speeds are indicated in seconds and fractions of seconds in a progression of times. Camera bodies from different manufacturers have various starting and ending points on this scale, but the scale itself is what's important. All 35mm single-lens-reflcx SLR cameras will have at least the following sequence and probably a lot more 1, 1 2, 1 4, 1 8, 1 15, 1 30, 1 60, 1 125, 1 250, 1 500, and 1 1000 sec. Few cameras display the fractions as written gen too penguin, just emerged from the...

Exposure

Exposure Sunny f 16 16 Long Exposures and Reciprocity Failure autumn color. white mountains, new hampshire. Nikon fc,, Nikon Ho oomm Fuji Vetvla. livi --v . v.' . 5 v m ' A E . .X tr Jr m vfc a r - x - S3 gt lj bu f r-w A v' gt m .- _ v a . mojave desert IN bloom 5and verbena and desert dandelion. anza-b0rre6a state park. california. Nikon F5. Nikon 3 -70mm lens. Fuji Velvio. Many of natures most beautiful displays, such as this lush bloom of spring flowers in the Southern California desert,...

Tiie Non Metered Exposure Sunny

Sunny Equivalent

Thank heavens for through-the-lens TTL exposure meters they make photographic life much easier. In fact, we rely on them so much that if anything were to happen to our camera meters, we would feel lost and confused. I know there are some photographers who pride themselves on being able to estimate correct exposures, but I am certainly not one of them. I lowever, there is one situation where correct exposure is a known constant, and that's when you're photographing in bright sunlight. To arrive...