When there is no Visual Orientation to the Horizon

In topside photography the horizon line is a way of connection to the orientation of subjects. We look at photographs and gain a sense of what is up or down. However, if there is no visual orientation to an underwater subject we have little or no idea of which way is up or down. Abstract

FIG. 1.47 Cucumber abstract. To look at, this abstract study of a sea cucumber gives no ideas as to which way it was shot so we tend to interpret the orientation as eye level. It was in fact taken looking directly downwards. Subal housing, Nikon D200, Nikon 60 mm macro lens, twin Inon Z220s, f32 at 1/180th.

FIG. 1.47 Cucumber abstract. To look at, this abstract study of a sea cucumber gives no ideas as to which way it was shot so we tend to interpret the orientation as eye level. It was in fact taken looking directly downwards. Subal housing, Nikon D200, Nikon 60 mm macro lens, twin Inon Z220s, f32 at 1/180th.

photos are an example: we can shoot detailed patterns of a parrot fish at a downward angle but unless we include background detail it is virtually impossible to determine the orientation so we tend to interpret it as an eye level angle.

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