Photography

The guide to great images with digital or film

Fifth Edition

Michael Langford Philip Andrews

AMSTERDAM • BOSTON • HEIDELBERG • LONDON • NEW YORK • OXFORD PARIS • SAN DIEGO • SAN FRANCISCO • SINGAPORE • SYDNEY • TOKYO ELSEVIER Focal Press is an imprint of Elsevier

Focal Press

Focal Press An imprint of Elsevier

Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP

30 Corporate Drive, Burlington MA 01803

First published 1976

Second edition 1993

Reprinted 1994, 1997, 1998

Third edition 1999

Reprinted 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 Fourth edition 2005 Reprinted 2006 (twice) Fifth edition 2007

Copyright © 1976, 1993, 1999 Michael Langford; © 2005, 2007 Philip Andrews and Pamela Langford. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

The right of Michael Langford and Philip Andrews to be identified as the authors of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher

Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier's Science & Technology Rights Department in Oxford, UK: phone (+44) (0) 1865 843830; fax (+44) (0) 1865 853333; email: [email protected]. Alternatively you can submit your request online by visiting the Elsevier web site at http://elsevier. com/locate/permissions, and selecting Obtaining permission to use Elsevier material Notice: No responsibility is assumed by the publisher for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions or ideas contained in the material herein. Because of rapid advances in the medical sciences, in particular, independent verification of diagnoses and drug dosages should be made.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress

ISBN-13: 978-0-240-52056-8 ISBN-10: 0-240-52056-4

For information on all Focal Press publications visit our website at: www.focalpress.com

Printed and bound in Canada 07 08 09 10 11 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Acknowledgements: Karen for your support, love and patience always and Adrian and Ellena for keeping me balanced. And as always, my thanks goes to the great team at Focal Press, especially Marie Hooper, Emma Baxter, Stephanie Barrett, and Margaret Denley - you always make me look good. Cheers to Chris Gatcum from What Digital Camera magazine for his technical comments and direction.

Picture credits: With thanks to the great guys at www.ablestock.com for their generous support in supplying the cover picture and the tutorial images for this text. Copyright © 2007 Hamera and its licensors. All rights reserved. All other images and illustrations, unless otherwise stated, by Michael Langford, Karen and Philip Andrews © 2007. All rights reserved.

0 0

Post a comment