To take portraits of friends and strangers without them being aware calls for delicate handling.

But results can be rewarding in warmth and gentle humor. Candid shots of strangers are easier if you begin in crowded places like a market or station, where most people are concentrating on doing other things. Observe situations carefully, especially relationships (real or apparent). These may occur between people and pets, or notices, or other people, or just the way people fit within a patterned environment.

Figure 17.7 When shooting pairs of subjects, try to ensure that there isn't too much visual space between the two sitters. Here the distance was closed by overlapping the foreground sitter with the subject at the rear.
Figure 17.8 When working with the subjects, encourage them to interact closely so that there is little gap between the sitters in the final photograph.
Figure 17.9 Creating a good composition with the members of a small group can be a difficult prospect. Here the photographer has chosen to arrange the subjects in a triangle shape.

An auto-focus, auto-exposure camera is helpful for candids, but working manually you can often pre-focus on something the same distance away in another direction, and read exposure off the back of your hand. Avoid auto-wind cameras with noisy motors. Remember not to obstruct people when photographing in the street, and always ask permission to shoot on private property.

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