Learn Photo Editing

Learn Photo Editing

This online course gives professional advice and instructions for how to photoshop pictures for any purpose that you could need them for. If you need to retouch your portraits, this gives you the tools to edit the image so that your model is sure to be happy with the results. If you need to create cartoon characters, you can learn how to do that in a very short amount of time. You can even learn the more advanced skills, like how to make facial features stand out in the picture without having to retouch the photo. You can learn how to take your normal photos and turn them into glossy, high resolution advertisements. Whatever skills you want to learn, and whatever application your photos will be needed in, this course can give you the tools that you need in order to create the most beautiful photoshoot that you've ever done. More here...

Learn Photo Editing Summary


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My Learn Photo Editing Review

Highly Recommended

The writer has done a thorough research even about the obscure and minor details related to the subject area. And also facts weren’t just dumped, but presented in an interesting manner.

When compared to other ebooks and paper publications I have read, I consider this to be the bible for this topic. Get this and you will never regret the decision.

Book IV Basics of Image Editing

This book is your introduction to image editing, providing general tips on what you can and can't do with popular image editors such as Paint Shop Pro, Corel PhotoPaint, PhotoImpact, or Adobe Photoshop and Photoshop Elements. You'll see the capabilities of these programs, discovering the full range of tools at your disposal. The book winds up with a chapter that compares and contrasts the most popular image editors, so you can choose which image editing program you really need (or whether you might even benefit from owning two).

Book V Editing with Adobe Photoshop and Photoshop Elements

This book goes into a little more detail on the use of the two favorite image editing programs Adobe Photoshop CS (favored by professionals) and Adobe Photoshop Elements 3.0 (an inexpensive younger sibling with lots of power yet easy to use). You discover the power of making selections, brush away problems with your digital photos, correct your colors, and apply special effects with filters. Although this book is not a complete guide to Photoshop, you'll find lots of good information you can use right away to try out your digital photo editing muscles. For tons of in-depth coverage, read Photoshop cs All-in-One Desk Reference For Dummies, by Barbara Obermeier (Wiley).

Book V Basics of Image Editing

This book is your introduction to image editing, providing general tips on what you can and can't do with popular image editors such as Paint Shop Pro, Corel PhotoPaint, PhotoImpact, or Adobe Photoshop and Photoshop Elements. You'll see the capabilities of these programs, discovering the full range of tools at your disposal. The book winds up with a chapter that compares and contrasts the most popular image editors so you can choose which image editing program you really need (or whether you might even benefit from owning two ).

Find out how to use an image editor

In digital photography, the pseudo-snap of an electronic shutter is only the beginning. With an image editor, you can do lots of things after the shot to improve your photo or even transform it into an entirely new one. Simple image editors enable you to crop pictures, fix bad color, or remove defects such as those glaring red eyes found in many flash photos. However, you can find even more creative freedom in more advanced image editors that let you do anything from eliminating trees that appear to be growing out of your subject's head to bringing seriously damaged photos back to life. If you want to polish your reputation as an all-around digital photographer, plan on developing at least a modicum of skill with a decent image editing program. You'll find general information on a broad range of image editors in Book IV as well as specifics on Adobe Photoshop cs and Photoshop Elements 3.0 in Book V.

Advanced Image Processing Techniques

Including all currently available image processing techniques would make this book impossibly large and expensive. Once you have learned to use the techniques we do describe, you will be able to use these as a basis for your own experiments with techniques you can pick up from the Web, from other books, and from talking to like-minded people. The www. outbackphoto.com website 1 is also full of new ideas for you to try out. How to create and use Photoshop actions

Your Preparation Does Not Start with Photoshop

People tend to think of the Photoshop workflow as something that starts in Photoshop. In fact, if you hope to get the best results from Photoshop, the first step in your digital photo-making workflow should be making sure you're prepared. Of course, being completely prepared could entail all manner of complexities. So nope, we're not even going to try that. Instead, this chapter is about making sure you've covered the preplanning basics. If what you need to do entails more than this chapter covers, chances are you've been in business long enough to know what to do and have an assistant or two who might even know more than you do. If you've been shooting film and are just jumping into digital, you may already know most of what's here. If that's the case, at least read the parts of this chapter that have to do with calibrating your camera and using your camera's Histogram feature.

Photographic Origins of Image Enhancement

You may or may not have an interest in ancient history, but this background should help you appreciate just how much power Photoshop has placed in your hands. Prior to Gutenberg's application of movable type, the majority of people had probably never even held a book in their hands. Prior to the invention of photography, most people had no idea what their great-grandparents looked like, unless they had physically met them or their ancestors were wealthy enough to afford a painted portrait. And prior to the digital imaging era, there was no easy way for an amateur photographer to make substantial modifications to a photograph What you saw was what you got.

Adobe Photoshop CS and Photoshop Elements

Photoshop cs is the photo editing software for professional photographers, graphic artists, Web designers, and the like. Photoshop Elements was designed to put a good number of Photoshop's tools in the home and small business user's price range. The interface for these two products was similar The top-of-the-line software (Photoshop) costs as much as 600 for a full version, but it does offer the most powerful set of image creation, editing, and retouching tools that you can lay your hands on. Photoshop Elements, which has functions similar to Photoshop for the average person's photo editing needs, is only 99 and even has some tools that Photoshop doesn't, such as an instant red-eye removal tool. Considering that, it's a steal at the price, and both Photoshop and Photoshop Elements are available for the Mac or Windows PCs. You might even find Photoshop Elements bundled with your digital camera for free

Adobe Photoshop CS2 and Photoshop Elements Book I

Photoshop CS2 is the photo-editing software for professional photographers, Chapter 4 graphic artists, Web designers, and the like. Photoshop Elements was m designed to put a good number of Photoshop's tools in the home and small m i The top-of-the-line software (Photoshop) costs as much as 649 for a full version, but it offers the most powerful set of image creation, editing, and retouching tools you can lay your hands on. Photoshop Elements, which has functions similar to Photoshop for the average person's photo-editing needs, is only 99. Considering that, it's a steal at the price, and both Photoshop and Photoshop Elements are available for both the Mac and Windows PCs. You may even find Photoshop Elements bundled with your digital camera for free

Dont Be Afraid Of Photoshop

We know the feeling you get the first time you run Photoshop. To learn it all might take a lifetime. But you don't need to know it all. Learn as you go We will try to make your life easier and cover only those features we use and go from simple to advanced features. We cover Photoshop the same way a new user would begin using it. We start simple and grow from there. On the other hand, we assume that you have worked on some tutorials and understand the Photoshop basics Menus and Tools.

Photoshop Speed Boosts

Photoshop, while not the only piece of software in your digital toolbox, does place more overall demands on your computer than any other program you are likely to run. Following the system recommendations I've outlined will give you a machine well suited to digital imaging. The following section is devoted to those on a mission to eke every last bit of performance out of Photoshop. You are by no means compelled to take these steps and can certainly have a fulfilling Photoshop experience without implementing any of them. But if you lie awake at night tormented by the feeling that Photoshop could be running faster, consider the options discussed below

Freeing yourself from image editors

Digital SLRs do more than change how you take pictures. They change how you make pictures, as well. Perhaps you're a seasoned image editor, accustomed to cropping images in Photoshop or Photoshop Elements to mimic the extreme telephoto perspective your previous camera couldn't duplicate. You might have used an image editor's Zoom Blur feature because your digicam's zoom lens didn't zoom fast enough to permit creating that effect in the camera, as shown in Figure 1-8. You've faked fish-eye lens effects because your camera didn't have a fish-eye lens, or you've manually added lens flare instead of trying to create the real thing. Or, you had to blur the background of your images in an image editor because your digital point-and-shoot camera always brought everything into sharp focus (an excellent trait when you want everything in focus, and not so great when you want to use focus selectively for creative effects). Those limitations might be behind you now. A digital SLR can do lots of...

Lesson 11Creating Black and White with Photoshop Grayscale

Simply open the image in Photoshop and then select Image > Mode > Grayscale as shown in Figure 1.2 for Photoshop CS and Figure 1.3 for Photoshop Elements 3. That's all there is to it. It is fast and easy and produces a decent black-and-white image, as shown in Figure 1.4. Move on to Lesson 1.2 for another one-step example technique that produces a different result. Figure 1-2 Converting a color image into a black-and-white or grayscale image by using the Grayscale command in Photoshop CS. Figure 1.3 Converting a color image into a black-and-white or grayscale image by using the Grayscale command in Photoshop Elements 3. Figure 1.3 Converting a color image into a black-and-white or grayscale image by using the Grayscale command in Photoshop Elements 3.

Lesson 12Creating Black and White with Photoshop Desaturate

Simply open the image in Photoshop and then select Image > Adjustments > Desaturate, as shown in Figure 1.5 for Photoshop CS and Figure 1.6 for Photoshop Elements 3 (the command is called Remove Color in Elements). That's all there is to it. It is fast and easy and can produce a decent black-and-white image, as shown in Figure 1.4. Move on to Lesson 1.3 for another technique. Figure 1.5 Converting a color image into a black-and-white or grayscale image by using the Desaturate command in Photoshop CS. Figure 1.5 Converting a color image into a black-and-white or grayscale image by using the Desaturate command in Photoshop CS. Figure 1.6 Converting a color image into a black-and-white or grayscale image by using the Remove Color (Desaturate) command in Photoshop Elements 3. Figure 1.6 Converting a color image into a black-and-white or grayscale image by using the Remove Color (Desaturate) command in Photoshop Elements 3.

Using Photoshops Selection Tools

Photoshop offers a ton of different tools for making selections, each with its own subtle differences. Think of your selection tools as an axe, saw, chisel, or router for images. All of them will grab a hunk of your image, but some of them are precision tools, whereas others are better suited for slightly rougher work. Figure 2.2. Selection borders define the area that can be modified by Photoshop's filters and other Figure 2.2. Selection borders define the area that can be modified by Photoshop's filters and other Change the selection itself into a vector path you can edit with Photoshop's Pen tools.

Lesson 14Creating Black and White with Photoshop Channels

There are several ways to use channels or the Channel Mixer to create more control over your black-and-white images. Simply open the image in Photoshop and then open the Channels Palette by selecting Window > Channels as shown in Figure 1.11 for Photoshop CS. Unfortunately, Photoshop Elements does not support channels. In the Channels Palette, click on the individual channels (see Figures 1.12 through 1.14) and look at the black-and-white image made from the grayscale version of each channel. Notice the big change in the ways the image looks. Often the green channel (see Figure 1.13) will be the best conversion. To keep one of the channels, drag the other two channels to the little trash can in the palette. Change the image mode to grayscale by clicking on Image > Mode > Grayscale.

Programs for beginners and casual photo editors

Several companies offer programs geared to the photo-editing novice or the digital photographer who only wants to perform simple photo surgery and creative artwork. Just a few choices in this category include ACDSee Photo Editor ( 50, www.acdsystems.com) Adobe Photoshop Elements ( 99, www.adobe.com) Corel PhotoImpact X3 ( 70, www.corel.com) These programs provide all the basic image-correction tools that most casual photographers need, plus plenty of wizards (step-by-step on-screen guides), which walk you through different tasks. Figure 2-10, for example, shows the wizard feature of ACDSee Photo Editor. tj However, not all programs aimed at the consumer market offer a wide range of tools, so read product reviews. Make sure the program enables you to do (m) the things you have in mind. (See Chapter 13 for some Web sites where you can find this kind of information.) And keep in mind that if all you want to do is simple repairs, such as removing red-eye and cropping your photo, you may...

Using a Photo Editor to Capture the Entire Image

If you study the flower images from the last section, it might seem that you have a choice of either preserving the detail of the subject and losing a lot of the background or getting most of the photo properly exposed but losing the details on the subject. But there is a third alternative you can use both exposures. Take two photos of the same subject using spot and matrix metering, and then combine the photos in a photo editor. Figure 4-10 shows how this might look. You'll learn how to do this in Chapter 20.

Importing images into image editing software

The normal sequence of events is to use your camera's utility software to transfer one or more picture files from your camera to your computer. Next, you launch your favorite image editing software and open the image file to make some adjustments before finally saving or printing the picture. However, several image editing programs can do the transferring for you, which shortens the whole process. disk drive. Consequently, you can open a picture for editing in your image editing program by simply selecting it in the program's Open dialog box. The only thing you have to do is make sure the camera is connected and turned on (and recognized by Windows) before you attempt to open files in the photo editor. Macs operate in the same way, recognizing your camera or card reader and offering to open the photos in iPhoto. To transfer images from your camera directly to your image editing software, you first need to tell the program what camera you use and where to find it. Make sure that the...

Steve Bloom Explains How He Converted This Image Of Stampeding Wildebeest To Monochrome And Toned It In Photoshop To

After opening my original colour image in Photoshop, I converted it to greyscale (lmage> Mode> Grayscale) and then back to RGB (lmage> Mode> RGB). To make adjustments to the tone of the image, I used the red, blue and green sliders on the Channel Mixer (lmage> Adjustments> Channel Mixer). This is how I toned my image, but you could also try using Adjustment Layers and Curves (see below).

Tip When You Plan to Edit Your Photos on the Computer Rethink Using JPEG

Kevin Connor, Adobe's director of product management for Photoshop, recommends that you don't save your image in JPEG at all if you are going to edit it. That's because you'll keep saving it to protect your work, and every save in JPEG will destroy more pixels. He suggests that you use an uncompressed file format (TIFF) during your editing process then when you have the final version, you can save it as JPEG. If the only file format your camera uses is JPEG, you can convert it to TIFF for the editing process.

Corel Paint Shop Pro Photo

Corel Paint Shop Pro Photo X2 is the main alternative to the Photoshop family, and the interface is shown in figure 2-19. While not as advanced as Photoshop proper, it has proven hugely popular since its release in 1992 and in fact is a very powerful application. The latest version has support for all major cameras, has tools similar to Photoshop, and has a native HDR routine. Unlike Adobe products, Paint Shop Pro is only available for Windows. Core Paint Shop Pro Photo X2 - DSC04312-photomatix-02.pspimage 25 (Background) Fite Edit View Jrnatje Adjust Effects Layers Objects Selections Window Help h fe * n E ' i & ' Zoom out Zoom in Eg- bnhance Photo * Palettes - Core Paint Shop Pro Photo X2 - DSC04312-photomatix-02.pspimage 25 (Background) Fite Edit View Jrnatje Adjust Effects Layers Objects Selections Window Help h fe * n E ' i & ' Zoom out Zoom in Eg- bnhance Photo * Palettes - about this figure Here is the Corel Paint Shop Pro Photo X2 interface. Robert Correll about this...

Book VI Editing with Photoshop and Photoshop Elements

This book goes into a little more detail on the use of the two most popular image editing programs Adobe Photoshop (favored by professionals) and Adobe Photoshop Elements (an inexpensive younger sibling that has lots of power but is still easy to use). You discover the power of making selections, brush away problems in your digital photos, correct your colors, and apply special effects with filters. Although this book is not a complete guide to Photoshop, you'll find lots of good information you can use right away to try out your digital photo editing muscles. (For tons of in-depth coverage, read Photoshop CS2 All-in-One Desk Reference For Dummies, by Barbara Obermeier Wiley .)

Do your Photoshop exposure corrections first

The second step is very important always do your exposure corrections in Photoshop first, before any of the other corrections or effects you'll find later in this book. If you don't, you'll find that correcting exposure is extremely hard (if not impossible) to do. For example, look at the difference that exposure correction makes between Figures 3-17 and 3-18. Figure 3-18. The same image after further exposure corrections in Adobe Photoshop. Figure 3-18. The same image after further exposure corrections in Adobe Photoshop. Here's how to do exposure corrections in Photoshop. If you're not using the Adobe Camera RAW support, make sure your camera's RAW file conversion software saves in 16-bit format. Next, open Photoshop, load your image, and use the following routine. 1. As soon as you've opened a new file in Photoshop, choose Image Duplicate. In the Duplicate Image dialog, add -cor (short for exposure corrected) to the filename (see Figure 3-19). Then click OK.

Lesson 21Creating Sepia with Photoshop Method

Simply open the image in Photoshop and then select Image > Mode > Grayscale. See Figure 1.2 in Chapter 1 for more detail on changing the color image to grayscale. Once you have thrown away the color information by answering Yes to the pop-up box in the previous step, go back up to Mode in the top menu and select RGB (see Figure 2.2). If you skip this step, you will not be able to change the color of a grayscale image. Figure 2.2 After converting a color image into a black-and-white or grayscale image in Photoshop CS, make sure to set the mode back to RGB so you can add the sepia color. Figure 2.3 Add a Color Balance layer in Photoshop. Figure 2.3 Add a Color Balance layer in Photoshop. Figure 2.4 Add the sepia color by using the Color Balance layer in Photoshop. Next create a new Color Balance layer for your image in Photoshop. If you have Photoshop Elements and not Photoshop (CS CS2 CS3), move down to Lesson 2.3 to learn how to create sepia...

Should I Use Photoshops Camera RAW or the Camera Companys RAW Converter

The problem for Adobe (and other software companies) is that camera manufacturers don't publish their source code. Given the heightened competition among camera brands, that isn't surprising. But it means that to be able to import RAW files into Photoshop, Adobe had to reverse engineer the code for each and every digital camera RAW file format they wanted to support. This unenviable, painstaking job fell to Thomas Knoll, the original creator of Photoshop. Since so much of the camera's inner workings are hidden, Thomas had to use Adobe technology and his own extensive knowledge of imaging science to create Photoshop's Camera RAW utility. He explained to us that this means that if you plan to bring a camera's RAW file into Photoshop through his utility, it is useless to bother with using any of the camera's exposure, tone, or color settings, because the only one the utility can interpret is white balance. All the rest of the data are ignored.

Should I Use Photoshops Camera RAW or the Camera Companys RAW Converter Continued

Of course, using Photoshop isn't a second place option. Adobe has some of the best imaging scientists in the world, and their interpretation of color, tone, and all the other aspects of digital photography is no less than superb. But don't bother taking the camera off default (except with regard to -stops and shutter speeds) when shooting RAW files that you'll be bringing into Photoshop via Adobe's Camera RAW conversion utility. Of course, if you use your digital camera's conversion software, you can still edit the image in Photoshop or any other photo-editing program, once it's been converted to TIFF or JPEG.

How Photoshop Unsharp Mask Works

The most used tool for sharpening is probably straight USM (Unsharp Mask) in Photoshop and nearly all techniques are a variation of it. To get an understanding of the sharpening issues you need to better understand how Photoshop USM works and its inherent limits. Amount defines the strength of the new improved contrast at edges Radius determines how many pixels are involved to build the new edges with higher contrast. Threshold defines how different the sharpened pixels must be from the surrounding area before they are considered edge pixels and sharpened by the filter (Photoshop Help) and is needed to avoid sharpening noise too much. That is why there are a huge number of different sharpening techniques published (most often based on some edge masking) and many Photoshop plug-ins that try to make sharpening easier.

Lesson 22Creating Sepia with Photoshop Method

As with all things Photoshop, there is more than one way to accomplish the same thing. This lesson is a variation on Lesson 2.1. In this lesson, simply open the image in Photoshop and then select Image > Adjustments > Desaturate as shown in Figure 1.5 (in Chapter 1).

Step 13 Digital Image Processing

What does digital image processing mean In the old days of film, if you wanted to process your images, you had to load the images onto a reel and put it into a tank, all in total darkness. After that you could turn on the lights and begin adding various chemicals and, keeping the temperature constant, agitate the tank to keep the chemicals mixed. Finally, you would hang up the film to dry. Once it was dry, you would Eject the memory card from your desktop. Do not erase or reformat the card on your computer. Check that the photographs transferred okay by looking at them with your image software. You need to consider whether you want to renumber your images. Some photographers will simply use the number assigned by the camera. It might be something like DSCF7479. Others will change it slightly by adding letters that refer to the session, such as Susan01-7479 (Susan01 means the first session with Susan). Finally, others will rename the images entirely to something like Susan01-001,...

Lesson 23Creating Sepia with Photoshop Elements

Since Photoshop Elements does not have the Color Balance layer available, this lesson is the way to accomplish the same thing. This lesson is a variation on Lesson 2.2. In this lesson, simply open the image in Elements and then select Enhance > Adjust Color > Remove Color as shown in Figure 1.5 (in Chapter 1). Now create an Adjustment layer by choosing Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Hue Saturation. Since the image was not converted to grayscale, it is still in RGB mode. When the Hue Saturation box appears as shown in Figure 2.10, click on Colorize in the lower right and select a hue. A good starting point is 25. When you click on Colorize, it moves the Saturation slider to 25 as well. Figure 2.11 shows the final image. As in Lesson 2.1, save the image as a Photoshop file (PSD) with the layer intact so you can make adjustments later. Figure 2.10 Using Photoshop Elements to create a new Hue Saturation layer. Figure 2.11 The final sepia image created in Photoshop Elements. Figure...

Figure 431 The Camera Raw workspace in Photoshop Elements

If you're familiar with Camera Raw in Photoshop CS2, it's easy to see what most of the differences are. From left to right, top to bottom There are only two settings tabsAdjust and Detailbut they are identical to the same tabs in Camera Raw for Photoshop CS2. The bottom line I wouldn't use Photoshop Elements 4 for bulk processing of high-volume shoots with numerous variations of the same image. There is an alternative, however, if you're not quite ready to invest in Photoshop CS2 Raw Shooter Essentials (free) or Premium (only 100 and even more capable than Camera Raw CS2). You'd also have the option of using Adobe Lightroom or Apple Aperture. You'll find more on these alternatives near the end of this chapter. And Chapter 6 is all about Lightroom, which you will want to download as soon as a beta is available for your computer.

Organizing Photos with Picasa

Picasa provides more powerful photo search tools than EasyShare, making it better suited for larger photo libraries. The program's features and learning curve put it somewhere between Kodak EasyShare and Photoshop Elements. In other words, if EasyShare makes you itch for more, but Photoshop Elements (or its price) scares you off, Picasa may be just right. Like EasyShare, described in the previous section, Picasa draws upon your Windows folder and file system, creating thumbnails of your photos that appear in its window. Unlike EasyShare, though, Picasa lets you act directly upon your Windows folders. When you move a photo from one Picasa folder to another, you're actually moving the file in Windows. Picasa also gives you features like Collections, Labels, and Keywords that give you more photo-handling options than you get in Windows XP. Note Google lets you download Picasa at no charge. To download the installer program, visit http picasa.google.com , and then click the Free Download...

Affordable Image Editors

If you search the Web for the best imaging software, you'll be tempted to buy Photoshop CS (Creative Suite), the most powerful program and the one that most professional photographers and studios use. As discussed later, this 649 product certainly has merit, but it is expensive and complicated. You can get excellent results with more affordable software, often without a steep learning curve. Most photo enthusiasts can find at least one image-editing program in the under- 129 category that will meet or exceed, their needs (see Figure 4.1). If you buy a digital camera, it will be bundled with software for convenient downloading of images, a file browser for viewing and filing images, plus software for some basic image editing cropping, color, brightness and contrast adjustment, and some other enhancement features. These programs are often proprietary, designed for a specific camera manufacturer there are far too many to even list in this chapter. Other camera, scanner, and printer kits...

Getting Your Photos into Picasa

When you download and run Picasa's installer, the final setup screen presents you with a handful of options. Before launching Picasa for the first time, the installer offers to place the program's icon on your desktop, in the taskbar at the bottom of your screen, and so on. Turn off the checkboxes if you don't want to deal with such clutter. The last checkbox is a sneaky bit of marketing It offers to make Google your browser's default search engine. (Hey, unlike other free programs, Picasa isn't always in your face trying to sell you photo prints or t-shirts, so cut Larry and Sergey some slack.) The first time you fire up Picasa, it rounds up all the photos on your computer. When it's done, Picasa fills your screen with the main Library view window, described next. Note Picasa organizes and keeps track of both digital photo files and digital video files. Much of the discussion about digital photo files in this section applies to digital video files, too.

Configuring Photoshops Color Settings

Okay, so how do you actually use color spaces The first order of business is to properly configure Photoshop's Color Settings options, seen in Figure 3-36, so that unwanted and unexpected conversions do not take place when you open an image. Photoshop defines separate working spaces for RGB, Grayscale, and CMYK configure your working spaces, color management policies, and conversion options in Photoshop, go to Edit> Color Settings. I'll ignore the CMYK and Spot working spaces, as both are beyond the scope of this book. The choice of your RGB working space determines the gamut of colors available for any new document you create. In essence, you're choosing the size and range of your color palette. In addition, each time you open an existing image, Photoshop will look to see if its embedded color space profile matches your chosen working space. I'll cover what happens when they don't match in the next section, but there's a lot less potential for user error if your default working...

Adobe Photoshop Elements

A bestseller in the affordable category, Photoshop Elements 2 (see Figure 4.2) costs 99 and is included in a few high-end digital camera kits at no extra charge. You can also download a trial version for free, at www.adobe.com digitalimag. Featuring a user interface that's based on the full version of Photoshop, Elements 2 includes many of the valuable capabilities of its more expensive counterparts. Although Elements is not the simplest software to use, it's worth starting with this one if you believe that you will eventually want to upgrade to Adobe Photoshop CS, the gold standard in image-editing software. Become proficient with Elements' features and method of operation, and you will find the transition to CS relatively uncomplicated. Like other affordable programs, Elements does not include all the capabilities of Photoshop CS, so you may well want to upgrade as you become more advanced in image editing. Figure 4.2 In many respects, Photoshop Elements 2 is similar to Photoshop...

Frequently Asked Question Parsing Picasa

Why should I put photos in a Picasa Collection when I can just keep them in Folders For that matter, how is a Keyword different from a Labeland how on earth do I know when to use each Lots of Picasa neophytes find its features' names confusing, but each gives you a uniquely useful organizing tool. Here's a cheat sheet Folders . Actually, Folders aren't a Picasa feature at all. The folders you see in Picasa mirror the folders already on your computer. As you can read below, Picasa's helping you organize your photo folders right in its own attractive window. Collections . If you have a lot of photo folders, Collections (Section 5.3.5 ) are a great way to divide them into logical groups, sort of like filing folders in drawers by subject. Unlike folders, Collections exist only within Picasa, so you can create as many as you like and shuffle your folders among them freely without disturbing the folder system on your PC. Labels . When you add a Label to a photo (Section 5.3.6 ), Picasa...

Microsoft Digital Image

Despite the pro designation, this 99 program is designed for great simplicity and convenience of operation, with most functions accessed via icons. Microsoft's wizard interface options are also useful for guiding you through tasks, including a variety of creative ways to present images. But don't let the apparent simplicity fool you this is a powerful image-editing program that includes many capabilities (see Figure 4.4). A few of the image-enhancing tools worth noting include Smart Erase for removing unwanted objects, Unsharp Mask with great control over the exact effect, Add Fill Flash and Reduce Backlighting, Airbrush, and Blending Brush to eliminate flaws and blemishes in people pictures, redeye correction, and more. Naturally, you'll find the usual features for correcting color, contrast, and brightness, plus a new feature manual adjustment of shadows, midtones, and highlights by individual color channel. Figure 4.4 Designed for maximum simplicity of operation with its...

Lesson 31Starting with a Color Image in Photoshop Method

Simply open the image in Photoshop and then create a new Channel Mixer layer. To create the Channel Mixer layer, in the Layers Palette (Window > Layers) create a new layer by clicking on the small black-and-white circle as shown in Figure 1.15 in Chapter 1. In the pop-up menu, select the Channel Mixer (again in Figure 1.15). The Channel Mixer will appear (see Figure 1.16). Select Monochrome and Preview in the Channel Mixer. Adjust the settings to your taste as in Lesson 1.5. This will change your image into a grayscale (black-and-white) image and show you what it looks like. Now make sure that the Channel Mixer layer is highlighted and go to the opacity control in the top right. Move the opacity to the left to add a bit of color. All grayscale is 100 , while full color is 0 . In Figure 3.2, the opacity is set at 74 to give a bit of soft color to the image as if it were colored with watercolor paints.

Recommendation Buy the Right Image Editor

As the preceding sections on the popular programs indicate, there are many options in the under- 129 category search the Web, and you should be able to find a dozen others. But which is the best of the affordable image editors To a great extent, the answer depends on your own subjective preferences, your actual needs, and your definition of a user-friendly interface. Do the research suggested in the introduction, and it's unlikely that you will make a wrong choice. Based on my experience and my own subjective judgment, I'll make the following suggestion. If you are looking for software for family use, start by checking out Microsoft Digital Image Pro and Roxio PhotoSuite. Both include user-friendly tools for correcting common image problems as well as features for creating projects. My own daughters use Digital Image Pro and find it easy, fun, and great for fixing pictures. If you are a serious imaging enthusiast or developing in that direction, you might want to consider Adobe...

Lesson 32Starting with a Color Image in Photoshop Method

Start this lesson by opening your color image with Photoshop. Create a duplicate layer by using the flyout menu that you get when clicking on the right pointing triangle in the top of the Layers Palette (see Figure 3.3). Alternatively, you can go to the top menu and choose Layer > Duplicate Layer. Change this layer to black and white by selecting the Desaturate command ( Image > Adjustments > Desaturate or Cmd Ctrl+U). Make sure that the duplicate layer and not the background is selected before you do this. Now your image should be in black and white with a color background layer. You can see the layers when you have the Layers Palette open (Window > Layers).

Professional Image Editors

Some imaging and photography enthusiasts reach a point where they decide that they need the additional capabilities of a professional program that has the most powerful tools available for image management and enhancement. Among advanced digital photo enthusiasts and professional photographers or studios, two feature-rich image-editing programs have proven to be the most popular Corel Photo-Paint (version 11 or newer) and the bestselling Adobe Photoshop CS, the latest version that replaced Photoshop 7.

The Power Of Photoshop History

Working with Photoshop history is like Try before you buy. You try some steps and go back with no regret. Photoshop History Palette Photoshop History Palette Photoshop has one of the most sophisticated undo mechanisms available in any application. Depending on the properties settings, Photoshop records the last steps (we allow 25). You can step back to any of these recorded steps and if you do not change anything again, forward to your current state. Thus history is not only useful to undo changes but also to compare before after scenarios. You could allow more undo steps but this might consume more memory and scratch disk for Photoshop and may slow down your work. Photoshop History Palette -l Create a new document from current state l New Snapshot Delete current state

With an inexpensive swatch book of theater lighting gels some nightlight bulbs and a couple of LED flashlights you can

Yes, you can manipulate photos in just about every way imaginable in Photoshop. But what if you don't like Photoshop, don't feel that comfortable with your image-editing skills, or just want to try something new Alternatively, you can manipulate the picture as you actually capture it with the camera. Working with light painting and colored gels, such as the ones shown in Figure 3-10, is a great way to experiment with this type of creative shooting.

Recommendation The Best Image Editor

Judging by the overwhelming acceptance by photographers and the rave reviews it has received from all quarters, Adobe Photoshop deserves its bestseller status. The new CS may seem expensive at 649, and many of you will probably want one of the affordable programs discussed earlier. The 169 upgrade fee offers good value for anyone still using earlier versions of a full Photoshop program, especially for those who will benefit from the new, built-in raw image converter. This converter is faster and more versatile than most similar programs bundled with digital camera kits. Although Corel Photo-Paint is also powerful, I prefer the Adobe Photoshop programs, particularly CS, for three reasons greater versatility, faster speed, and greater dedication to the specific needs of photographers. This is a personal judgment based on limited experience with Photo-Paint and extensive familiarity with the Adobe products. You might want to look around on the Web for other opinions, especially ifyou...

Using Photoshops Color Balance Controls

The easiest way to correct the color of an image is with Photoshop's Color Balance controls, found in the Image > Adjustments > Color Balance dialog box, as shown in Figure 5.12. Note that Photoshop lets you set color balance separately for shadows, midtones, and highlights, using a set of slider controls. Figure 5.12. Photoshop's Color Balance controls let you increase or decrease any color Figure 5.12. Photoshop's Color Balance controls let you increase or decrease any color

Using Photoshops Variations

Photoshop's Variations mode, shown in Figure 5.15, presents you with a set of several versions of an image, arranged in a circle so you can view a small copy of each one and compare them. Figure 5.15. Photoshop's Variations mode presents different versions of the same image or Figure 5.15. Photoshop's Variations mode presents different versions of the same image or

Lesson 34Starting with a Blackand White Image in Photoshop

Using the Channel Mixer technique from Lesson 1.5, Figure 3.11 is produced. Values of red +50 , green +30 , and blue +45 were used. Be sure to check the Monochrome box or the image will not be in black and white. However you obtain your black-and-white image, make sure that the mode is set to RGB. To do this, go to the main menu and click on Image > Mode > RGB Color. If your image is in Grayscale mode, then the following lesson will not work. You will now paint using the paint tools in Photoshop. Select the Brush tool as shown in Figure 3.12. Next, click on the top of the two colored boxes (in this case they are black-and-white boxes) in the toolbox shown in Figure 3.12. The Color Picker will pop up (see Figure 3.13). Drag the slider down to the colors you want to work with and pick one. Figure 3.13 shows a green color. It shows up in the two boxes in the Color Picker as the new color. It will also show up in the toolbox where you clicked the boxes as...

Photoshop CS2 Launches a Winner

Retouching and correction technique doesn't change much over the years. Photoshop 3, released in 1994, revolutionized workflows by introducing layers, which are critical to many of the moves shown in this book. While I haven't busted out my copy of Photoshop 3 to check, to the best of my recollection almost every trick you have read or will read about here could also have been done in that ancient program. There are only three exceptions I can think of. Photoshop 6 (2000) introduced the Convert to Profile command, which I've been recommending but which we could surely live without. Far more significant was the introduction in Photoshop CS (2003) of the Shadow Highlight command, which we will discuss at length in Chapter 7. In 2005, Photoshop CS2 added another advance. Filter Blur> Surface Blur is a better solution to some of the problems we've just looked at. For those using CS2, this filter should be the first choice for blurring the A and B. As it is not adequately documented...

Choosing the Right Photo Software

Programs for downloading, archiving, and editing digital photos abound, ranging from entry-level software designed for beginners to high-end options geared to professionals. The good news is that if you don't need serious photo-editing capabilities, you can find free programs that should provide all the basic tools you require, including two offerings from Olympus. The next

Lesson 43Using Photoshop to Create a Sepia Image

This lesson will show you a way to create a sepia image with a hand-colored look more quickly than having to go through the actual hand painting. There are times when you need something quickly, and here is a way to do it. Open the image in Photoshop and then create a Hue Saturation layer (Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Hue Saturation). Slide the saturation slider to the left (see Figure 4.8) to remove the color in the image.

Tip 1 Get to Know the Photoshop File Browser

The Adobe Photoshop File Browser. Figure 3-27. The Adobe Photoshop File Browser. We used the Photoshop File Browser earlier to load our RAW files. However, there's so much more that you can do with this File Browser that using it is our number one tip for this chapter. This is where the Adobe Photoshop File Browser, which comes with Photoshop and Photoshop Elements, comes in. Here are some of the common problems that the Photoshop File Browser (shown in Figure 3-27) will help you to solve. Each task is named in the order in which you should perform it. Rotating images. After renaming, the first thing you should do when you download images is open the File Browser and rotate all vertical images to the proper orientation (unless your camera rotates them automatically). The File Browser doesn't actually rotate the image, just the thumbnail. It also inserts an instruction into the file header telling Photoshop to rotate the image as indicated every time it is opened. This is...

Photoshop Color Management Settings

Before you start work with Photoshop, you will need to set up your personal color management preferences. All Adobe Creative Suite elements use similar methods for making color settings, and the CS2 (and higher) versions allow you to make color settings centrally using Bridge. Photoshop has one of the most sophisticated color management systems currently available, with a wide range of options and parameter set> In Mac OS and CS1 (or earlier) versions, tings. Select Edit r Color Settings to open the color settings dialog. Figure the Color Settings dialog can be found in the 3-24 shows the Photoshop color settings we use. Photoshop Preferences dialog. The Photoshop CS5 Color Settings dialog

Automating Profile Assignments in Photoshop

Chances are you have captured a series of images that will need to be based on a single digital camera profile. While you will likely need to create a different camera profile for each photo shoot, it can still be a significant workflow benefit to automate the process of assigning a profile to a series of images. You can automate the process by creating an action in Photoshop 7. Click Record, and Photoshop will record the steps you take from this point forward until you stop recording. Another benefit of RAW capture is that it allows you to preserve high-bit data for your images. This is especially helpful in situations with tricky exposure conditions or when it is critical that you maintain smooth gradations. The more adjustments required to make the final image look perfect, the more benefit a high-bit image will provide. It also provides extended tonal range in the data, providing more latitude for tonal adjustments in the RAW conversion. With the broad support for high-bit files...

Color Image Enhancement

The image enhancement techniques discussed previously have all been applied to monochrome images. This section considers the enhancement of natural color images and introduces the pseudocolor and false color image enhancement methods. In the literature, the terms pseudocolor and false color have often been used improperly. Pseudocolor produces a color image from a monochrome image, while false color produces an enhanced color image from an original natural color image or from multispectral image bands.

Natural Color Image Enhancement

The monochrome image enhancement methods described previously can be applied to natural color images by processing each color component individually. This comprises the class of intracomponent processing algorithms. There is also a class of inter-component processing algorithms in which color pixels are combined on a pixel-by-pixel basis. Finally, there is a class of vector processing algorithms. For some image enhancement algorithms, there are computational advantages to processing in a luma-chroma space, such as YCbCr, or a lightness-chrominance space, such as L*a*b* . As an example, if the objective is to perform edge crispening of a color image, it is usually only necessary to apply the enhancement method to the luma or lightness component. Because of the high-spatial-frequency response limitations of human vision, edge crispening of the chroma or chrominance components may not be perceptible. Faugeras (41) has investigated color image enhancement in a perceptual space based on a...

Lesson 61Using a Brush in Photoshop and Elements Example

This lesson utilizes the Art History brush in Photoshop. You can also use the Impressionist brush in Photoshop Elements that operates in a similar manner. The purpose is to change the photograph into an impressionistic version of the image. Although there are filters you can click on to get a one-step impressionistic look, doing it slowly and carefully by hand with this method will provide a much more satisfactory result. Each section or area of the image can be given the appropriate amount of adjustment. Although this procedure can be a little tedious and time consuming, the technique is rather easy. Open your image and make all adjustments to the image such as Levels and Curves or Brightness and Contrast until you are satisfied with the way your image looks before any manipulation. Next select the Art History brush (see Figure 6.2). Once you have the brush, go up to the Brush menu right under the Photoshop top menu and select a brush size of 15, Normal Mode, Opacity 100 , Style...

Lesson 62Using a Brush in Photoshop and Elements Example

In this example the subject matter has changed, but the same procedures will be followed as in Lesson 6.1. First, open your image in Photoshop or Elements (see Figure 6.8) and make any adjustments and corrections to make it look the way you want before you begin manipulating it. As before, select the Art History brush in Photoshop (or the Impressionist brush in Elements). Set the brush size and area to about 15 or 20 to begin with and vary according to the effect you are after. Pleinart uses a smaller brush size and area to provide a lighter effect than the similar Photoimpressionism technique in Chapter 9.

Interface Differences between Photoshop CS3 and CS4

Most of the Photoshop examples in this book are based on the CS5 version of the program. Although the overall concept hasn't changed, the interface in the CS4 CS5 version is very different from that in CS3. Not only the base colors, but also the general compactness and the ability to work non-mod-ally (or semi-modally) with Layers are new. A Modal program structure means that you have to close one tool before opening another. Non-modal functionality makes it possible to create a new layer (described in section 7.3) without first having to close the currently active dialog. This makes the workflow smoother and allows you to jump back and forth easily between correction steps without having to painstakingly save and record each step first. Most of the screenshots in this book were created using Photoshop CS5 in Mac OS X, but the Windows versions are not significantly different. We sometimes use screenshots from older program versions for the sake of clarity.

Using Profiles and Soft Proofing with Photoshop

I will now walk you through a few steps of a color-managed workflow. This will be an abbreviated tour focusing primarily on the color-management aspects I go into a more complete printing workflow in Chapter 8. I'll be using Photoshop CS on a Mac with OS X 10.3.4, a calibrated monitor, and an older Epson Stylus Photo 1280 workhorse printer.

Merge To Hdr In Photoshop

Photoshop has a feature called Merge to HDR that takes two or more bracketed photos and processes them into HDR. Photoshop, however, differs from Photomatix in its approach to creating HDR images. There are far fewer choices and options. This launches Photoshop's HDR routine. about this figure This is Photoshop CS3's Merge to HDR dialog box. Pete Carr about this figure This is Photoshop CS3's Merge to HDR dialog box. Pete Carr image is now ready to be saved and further processed in your image-editing application. about this figure This is Photoshop CS3's HDR Conversion dialog box. Pete Carr about this figure This is Photoshop CS3's HDR Conversion dialog box. Pete Carr about this photo This image is the result of using Photoshop CS3's Merge to HDR feature. Compare it to the tone mapped result from Photomatix in 3-14. Pete Carr about this photo This image is the result of using Photoshop CS3's Merge to HDR feature. Compare it to the tone mapped result from Photomatix in 3-14. Pete Carr

Sketching In Photoshop Mobile

You can turn a photograph into a sketch using Photoshop Mobile. All you do is open PS Mobile, pull up the flower you want sketched (say, a flower like you see in Figure 5.4), and then navigate to the Sketch option in the top menu bar To vary your sketch, you slide your finger across the screen. When you're finished tweaking your flower (playing around with moving your finger across the screen), navigate to Save and Exit, and voil , you have a sketched flower like the one you see in Figure 5.5. The nice thing about PS Mobile is that the program doesn't reduce the resolution of the tweaked photo, making it a prime candidate for blowing up and hanging on your wall. For a complete how-to on the app, see Chapter 9.

Incorporating Another Editor Into Your Iphoto Workflow

Adding an external image editor such as Photoshop Elements to your toolbox doesn't have to mean giving up iPhoto. The two programs work well together. You have a couple of options for adding Elements to your iPhoto workflow. As a Replacement If you plan to use Elements for all your editing chores, you can set iPhoto to hand off images to Elements whenever you double-click on a photo. To set this up, open iPhoto's General preference pane and set the Double-Click Photo option to Opens Photo In. In the resulting dialog box, navigate to Applications Adobe Photoshop Elements 3, and double-click on the program's icon. As a Supplement Perhaps you want to use Elements to beautify only your most precious photos, and would prefer to use iPhoto's built-in tools for the rest of your editing chores. In that case, follow the previous steps to set Elements as your external image editor. When you're done, return to the General preference pane. Change the Double-Click Photo setting to Changes To Edit...

Doing Your Own Image Processing

The digital darkroom now offers us that same level of control, but without the mess, expense, and time spent in the dark. Programs such as Adobe Photoshop give us amazing control over our photographs. This part of the book shows you how to put the digital darkroom to work for you.

Cropping Photos with Picasa

When you shoot photos, it's best to compose the picture in the camera exactly the way you want it in your prints. Unfortunately, that noble and artistic goal isn't always possible. For example, sometimes when shooting a sports event or a performance, you can't get close enough to the subject. Other times, there's something in the frame that you didn't notice when you were focusing on the subject. Or perhaps you want your image to be a perfect square instead of the rectangular format your camera shoots. Whatever the reason, Picasa is there to help you crop your image. (For a word of caution about when not to crop, check out the box in Section 9.3.1 .) Picasa makes it easy to crop any photo so it'll fit exactly on standard print paper (4 x 6, 5 x 7, and 8 x 10), but you can crop to any size as long as it's rectangular.

Painter X to Photoshop CS

In Painter go to File> Save As and select RIFF and you will then be able to edit this layer in the future. If you are working in any of these special types of layers you may wish to save two versions, one in RIFF format in case you need to change something later and another in PSD format to transfer immediately into Photoshop. Layer Composite Methods will translate pretty closely into Layer Blend Modes in Photoshop. The modes that are exclusive to Painter will go to Normal mode, which will usually look totally different. If the mode fails to translate correctly it may be necessary to flatten the picture within Painter before saving it.

Choose an Image Editor

Before you can get started editing images, you need an image editing program. Any one will do, at least at first. For the most part, all image editors give you the ability to do certain things, such as That's certainly a quick overview of image editing, but the point is that there are a lot of image editors around that will get the job done. Which one is for you Well, you might want to start with a free one. If your digital camera came with an image editor of some sort, you might want to give it a spin and see if you like the way it works. Ultimately, though, you may be dissatisfied with the bundled software and decide to invest in a better program. There are two sorts of image editing programs that you're likely to encounter automatic and manual packages. Image Expert 2000 is an image editor that can run all sorts of corrections on your image automatically, though the results are not always as good as you can achieve by hand. the final result is not always what you expect, and often...

The Latest Version Of Photoshop Is Definitely Worth The Upgrade

EVERY 18 TO 24 months, just when it seems like you've finally gotten used to all the features in the current version of Adobe Photoshop, a new version comes out. This time it's CS5 ( 700, direct, for the full version 200, upgrade), which is actually the 12th iteration of this mother of all image editors.

The image editing program

An image editing application is a computer program that can be loaded onto your machine and then used to change and enhance your digital pictures. There are many different programs available for installation on your computer. Some are used for word processing, chart creation or working out the family budget, but it is those that are specifically designed for manipulating pixels and fixing up digital photographs that we will look at here.

What are the most important image editing programs

First of all, there is no single image editing program which can be described as the best or most important. Almost all of the most common programs sufficiently master the basic functions needed for editing a digital image. The differences lie in the additional features offered. Although they cannot be clearly categorised, a division can be made between programs that have been created for professional and for personal use. Adobe's Photoshop and Painter from Corel are examples of software designed for professional use. These programs offer a wide variety of features, including the simulation of natural painting and editing methods. These features do, however, have their price. The development in the area of digital imaging is illustrated by, among other things, the rapidly increasing demand for image editing software.

Open an Image in Paint Shop

Since I'm going to spend a lot of time in Paint Shop Pro over the next few chapters, let's take a quick look at how to use the program. Start Paint Shop Pro by choosing it from the Windows Start menu. There are three ways to open an image in Paint Shop Pro you can use whichever method you find easiest. 3. Open the folder with the image you want to open directly on the Windows desktop, and drag the image file from the folder to the Paint Shop Pro window. If Paint Shop Pro isn't on top, you can do this instead Drag the image file out of the folder and hold it over the Paint Shop Pro button in the task bar at the bottom of the Windows desktop. Don't let go of the file yet just hold it there for a few moments. Paint Shop Pro should pop to the front. Finally, just move the file up to the Paint Shop Pro window and let go.

Stitch them all together back home using an image editor or stitching software

Packages such as PhotoStitch (furnished free with Canon cameras for Windows and the Macintosh) or Photoshop and Photoshop Elements' built-in PhotoMerge panorama capabilities (see Figure 6-12) are easy to use and a lot of fun. Your digital camera may come with similar applications. Figure 6-12 Stitch images together in Photoshop or Photoshop Elements. Figure 6-12 Stitch images together in Photoshop or Photoshop Elements.

The Adobe Camera Raw Advantage

The process of converting a digital image from its latent state, as it exists after exposure on your camera's storage media, to the edited version in Photoshop is extremely complex and a detailed discussion of this process is beyond the range of this book. (See Appendix S for reference to a book that will fully explain the details of working with images in Adobe Camera Raw.) The important implication of all of this is that any image corrections you make at this stage of the process are fundamental and generally much less damaging to the quality of your image than editing done in Photoshop. There are also ways that you can color-correct and otherwise manipulate images during the conversion process that simply can't be duplicated in Photoshop. This is the reason for the next cardinal rule for digital photographers Do as much image correction as possible during the raw conversion stage before editing your image in Photoshop. Note Scanners can't currently produce raw-formatted files that...

Photoshop Cs4 Essential Skills

Photoshop ISA E Weighing in at just under 500 pages, this is the definitive manual-cum-tutorial guide for Photoshop CS4 users. Written by two Adobe ambassadors - and in the case of Philip Andrews, long-time WDC contributor - there isn't a single feature of Adobe's comprehensive image-editing software that goes unexplained. using images on the complimentary DVD that is supplied with the book. Ah yes, the DVD. As with all good self-teach tools in the Focal Press range, Photoshop CS4 Essential Skills comes with a DVD packed with hours of tutorials. AJ 91

Morphological Image Processing

Morphological image processing is a type of processing in which the spatial form or structure of objects within an image are modified. Dilation, erosion and skeletonization are three fundamental morphological operations. With dilation, an object grows uniformly in spatial extent, whereas with erosion an object shrinks uniformly. Skele-tonization results in a stick figure representation of an object. The basic concepts of morphological image processing trace back to the research on spatial set algebra by Minkowski (1) and the studies of Matheron (2) on topology. Serra (3-5) developed much of the early foundation of the subject. Steinberg (6,7) was a pioneer in applying morphological methods to medical and industrial vision applications. This research work led to the development of the cytocomputer for high-speed morphological image processing (8,9).

Editorial Comments Choosing an Image Editor

Which image editor should you use It could be argued that Adobe Photoshop is the best image-editing software on the planet. It could also be argued that owning your own private jet is the best way to travel around the country. Not everyone can afford private jets or Photoshop, and not everyone wants to spend time learning how to pilot them. That's why so many alternatives to Adobe's flagship image editor have flourished. Some image editors have every imaginable feature, but others take a bare-bones approach. Do you need to be able to edit CMYK (cyan magenta yellow black) image files and make color separations, or are you just looking to correct red-eye problems Do you want absolute control over every parameter, or would you prefer that your image editor handle simple tasks with a wizardlike interface Image editors differ both in the features they have and the approaches they take to image editing. The trick is to figure out which editor has the features you need and an approach that...

Photoshop Features Especially Useful for Making Montages

Making montages can be much more complex than making collages because the bits and pieces of photos that make up the whole have to look as though they were all photographed in the same place and at the same time. That is, the angle of lighting of objects in the background photo has to match in the lighting of the imported objects. So does the color temperature, the perspective, and the angle of view of each imported object. To make matters worse, it is often impossibleor at least impracticalto find photos that are an exact match. This section will show you some Photoshop features that help you credibly fake the appearance of the matching photo. Especially notable among these features are the new Warp and Smart Object.

Lesson 92Photoshop and the Smudge Tool

You will probably find that it helps to zoom into the area that you are working on to at least 50 , 66.7 , or even 100 so that you can better see what you are doing. When you are zoomed in, keep in mind that you will have to exaggerate the effect somewhat to compensate for reducing it when you print it out. Keep in mind the final size at which you want to display the image before you begin. Start in one corner and move across the image to the other side and then back. Zoom back out to see if your technique is too strong or not strong enough. It is easy in Photoshop to undo and redo a small section if you check it periodically. It takes a long time to work on the image, over an hour in the case of Figure 9.10. But the results are worth it. The effect is much more unique than those in Lesson 9.1, where only filters are used.

What You Can and Cant Do with Image Editing Tools

M My ith all the seemingly miraculous things that you can accomplish with WW image editing tools, it would be easy to assume that there's nothing you can't do. You'd think that you could take any image, in any condition, and make it beautiful but is that really the case Not always. Although you certainly can do a great deal to repair serious tears, rips, stains, and scratches, as well as the effects of aging and improper photographic technique, you can't solve every problem every time at least not easily. You can't, for example, take a photo in which everything is out of focus and make it as crisp and clear as the photographer probably intended. If, however, one part of the photo is in focus and the other parts are a blurry distraction, you can blur them out even further so that they're just a pleasant backdrop to the properly focused portion. Or, you can remove them altogether, eliminating the unpleasant aspects of the image. You'll find that in some extreme cases, your images might...

First steps in image processing

To start your introduction to image processing, we will concentrate on the following basic steps that most photographers perform after each shooting session No matter what image editing program you are using, the tools and features designed to perform these steps are often those first learned. Here the steps are demonstrated using Photoshop Elements, but these basic steps can be performed with any of the main image editing programs currently available on the market. A summary of the tools and menu options needed to perform these steps in Photoshop is also included at the end of each section. A trial version of Photoshop Elements can be obtained by downloading the 30-day demo from the www.adobe.com site. Step 1. Importing pictures from a camera (see Figure 29.1) When opening Photoshop Elements for the first time, the user is confronted with the Quick Start or Welcome screen, containing several options. Images can be created from This step in Photoshop This step in Photoshop This step...

Using Photoshops bicubic interpolation

You can use Photoshop to increase file size (sometimes known as upressing). Basically, the program makes an educated guess and creates new pixels to stretch the resolution of your image file. You implement this technique through the program's image size function by choosing File C> Image C> Image C> Size, picking Bicubic Interpolation, and then increasing the resolution as much as you dare. Unfortunately, this is only good for about a 50 percent increase in resolution at best.

Adobe Photoshop Cs5

Shooters who want the best image editor that money can buy. TOP Photoshop CSS's interface has a new addition Mini Bridge. Use it to browse and open files without leaving Photoshop itself. BOTTOM With the new Refine Mask (also known as Refine Edge) dialogue, you can help Photoshop create your selection by letting it know which areas to consider. You know a software program well when you understand its internal logic, and based on that can guess what it should be able to do. But it's annoying when those shoulds don't work. For instance, in the past few versions of Photoshop, you could select multiple layers simultaneously and delete or move them it was frustrating that you couldn't change all of their opacity settings at once.

Adjusting Specific Areas in Photoshop

The majority of your global corrections, corrections applied to the entire image, will be completed in Lightroom to your camera raw file. This will give you the best quality, because these changes are made to the unprocessed file, whereas corrections made in Photoshop are always made to a processed file and cause some degradation in image quality. The amount of quality loss is determined by the quality of the original and the severity of the correction. Nevertheless, the key point to remember is that you want to perform as many of your corrections as possible within Lightroom, using Photoshop primarily for adjusting localized areas within the photo, compositing images, or performing other advanced multi- image techniques such as extending the dynamic range, creating a High Dynamic Range (HDR) image, or building a panorama. These are the areas in which Photoshop excels, and one of the fundamental skills common to Photoshop's advanced techniques requires the use of layer masks.

Wrangling with LCD viewfinders sometimes leads to less than perfectly level horizon lines Thankfully a hidden tool in

Even professional photographers using cameras mounted on tripods have problems composing scenes accurately. They might think they have a straight image, only to be unpleasantly surprised when opening the picture on the computer to see that the horizon line is dipping slightly to the right. Thanks to Photoshop, it's easy to straighten those images. In Photoshop CS, there's a handy-dandy little ruler that will help you find accurate horizontal and vertical angles. What, you don't see it in the floating Tools palette That's because it's hidden behind the Eyedropper icon. Click on the Eyedropper, hold down the mouse button, and you'll see a Color Sampler tool and a Measure tool. Select the Measure tool. Using your mouse, place the tool cursor in your image window on one end of the line you wish to straighten and then drag it across to the other end of the line. When you release the mouse, the Measure tool calculates the angle needed to straighten the line. Photoshop remembers this angle....

The Clone Stamp in Photoshop Elements is a pretty good tool for removing unsightly wires from your scenes Photoshop 7

Keep shooting There's a Photoshop CS tool to save the day the Patch tool. Prior to Photoshop 7 and still in Photoshop Elements, the Clone Stamp (rubber stamp) was the savior of choice to eliminate distracting elements. Even though it's amazing, photographers found it difficult to match subtle tone differences, in skies, for example, where power wires often reside. Then, Adobe added the Patch tool to enhance this type of retouching. And what a good addition the Patch tool is. It's faster and much better at blending subtle tones. If I were working in Photoshop Elements instead of CS, the Clone Stamp would be the tool of choice. You'd think that those little ole wires would be easy to remove, but blue-sky tones are subtle, so they're difficult to retouch seamlessly.

The camera doesnt always reproduce faithfully what the eye sees But Photoshop CS can help make your photos look like

The adept digital photographer can overcome these limitations by taking two pictures of the same subject exposing one for the light tones and the other for the dark tones and then combining them in Photoshop 7 or CS. I use this technique all the time to create illustrations that more closely resemble what my eyes observed in real life.

Custom grayscale conversions in Photoshop Elements and Photoshop

Photoshop Elements 5.0 contains a custom Convert to Black and White feature (left) that lets you select from a range of conversion styles and then customize the grayscale mapping by adjusting how each color is converted. Photoshop users can get similar results using the Channel Mixer feature (right) with the Monochrome option selected. Just make sure that the total of each of the channel settings equals 100 . This will ensure that the brightness of the photo remains consistent through the conversion.

What works better than Visine for getting the red out Photoshops desaturating sponge is fast and effective and it

Of all the goodies Photoshop provides, it doesn't have one of those nifty automatic red-eye-removal tools, or at least there isn't one called out on the floating Tools palette. Instead, Photoshop gives you a more powerful tool the desaturating sponge. This hack will show you how to use it. In any version of Photoshop, open the image that features your red-eyed subject. Click on the Sponge tool, and at the top of the contextual menu bar, choose Desaturate, as shown in Figure 6-16. Set the flow to 100 and pick a brush tip that's appropriate for the diameter of your subject's eyes. In the case of this little boy, 13 pixels seemed about right for the tip of the brush. Figure 6-16. Setting up the desaturating sponge in Photoshop Elements Figure 6-16. Setting up the desaturating sponge in Photoshop Elements

It seems like everyone wants whiter teeth these days You might not have the time for peroxidebased solutions but theres

Most teeth, by design, have a slight yellow cast. Add coffee, wine, tobacco, and a host of staining foods, and the smile isn't quite as bright as it could be. In everyday life, this isn't a major issue. But for special portraits, a warm, inviting smile is important. This Photoshop hack is so easy, you'll wonder why you never figured it out before. As long as you show a little restraint with the technique, the results look quite natural. First, open your portrait in any version of Photoshop. I'll use Photoshop Elements for this illuminating exercise. Use your favorite tool to select the teeth. I usually start with the Magic Wand. Click on a middle-toned tooth with the wand and see what it selects. By holding down the Shift key, you can make another selection to add to the first one. At this point, I switch to the Lasso tool to clean things up. You can add to the existing selection by holding down the Shift key and lassoing more areas. Or, by holding down the Option key, you can...

Photoshop CS includes a helpful Auto Color function The problem is that it needs to be calibrated Heres a calibration

Color correction is one of the most difficult tasks in digital photography. You can spend a lot of time fiddling with it and still not get the results you want. This hack will change all that. By combining two handy functions in Photoshop CS, you can correct color quickly and accurately, enabling you to process an entire folder of images in short order. Open another image from the same batch of photos. This time, choose the Auto Color function (Imaged Adjustments * Auto Color). Photoshop will use the settings you established earlier to correct the picture. Many times, you'll be finished at this point, because the color correction will be close enough for most tastes. If so, save the image and move on.

For a refresher on image processing see Chapter 14 To find out more about destructive and nondestructive editing

All of this may seem like a lot of work (and it is.) Fortunately, Photoshop offers some powerful tools to make your workload lighter. Adobe has incorporated several functions in this program to handle repetitive tasks so you don't have to. These functions include actions (a scripting language you can use to automate tasks in the program) and a batch processing feature you can use to make automated image processing even easier.

Image processing workflow

5 Global tone correction This should be applied as early as possible, as it will balance the overall brightness and contrast of the image and may alter the colour balance of the image. There are a range of exposure, contrast and brightness tools available in applications such as Photoshop, Lightroom and Camera RAW. The professional tools, allowing the highest level of user control, especially over clipping of highlights or shadows, are based upon levels or curves adjustments, which are covered later in this chapter. corrections are usually applied to remove colour casts from the image. If across the whole range from shadows to highlights, then this is easier, changing a single or several colour channels and the simpler tools, such as 'photo filter' in Photoshop, will be successful. More commonly there will be just part of the brightness range, such as the highlights that will need correcting, in which case altering the curves across the three channels affords more control. There are...

Project Setting up a Photoshop action

Follow these steps to create an action in Photoshop 1. In Photoshop, open an image by choosing File O Open and then browsing to where your image is stored. (You must have an image open before starting the action writing process.) 2. Examine the Actions palette. Usually, there is a single folder marked Default Actions, which contains the actions that Adobe includes with the program. You can store sets of actions in particular folders, and you can create your own folders and name them accordingly. If you don't want to include this particular action in the Default Actions folder, click on the right pointing arrow in the upper right of the Photoshop's Actions palette, scroll down the menu, and choose New Action (see Figure 17-5) or New Set if you want to create a new folder. Give the action an appropriate name, such as 2003012N.Suncruise.Mexi. At this point your action is recording everything you do in Photoshop. Figure 17-5 Photoshop actions are a great tool for automating repeatable...

Combining the richness of color and the mood of BW photography you can create eyecatching artistic effects And with the

I always shoot my original images in color, even if the sole purpose of the assignment is to deliver B& W prints. Why Because when you shoot in high-resolution color, you have a full complement of options available later in Photoshop. For example, you can always convert a copy of the photo to B& W, keeping the color original intact. Or, as in this hack, you can mix the two formats. For this assignment, I want the image to have the artistic feel of B& W photography. I'm also interested in playing with hand-coloring to produce an unusual effect. By shooting the original photo in full color, I can use a little Photoshop magic to combine these looks.

Choosing the Right Image Editor for

1 Choosing an image editor that matches your needs and skills 1 Comparing the capabilities of the popular image editors 1 Using different image editors for different tasks Choosing the right image editor is a lot like selecting the best digital camera for your needs. Like digital cameras, some editors have lots of bells and whistles that you really don't need and that can, in fact, get between you and easy access to the functions you really must use. Other image editors correspond to point-and-shoot digital cameras, with lots of automation that helps you avoid making decisions on your own. That's great when you're in a hurry, but not so helpful when you want to apply your creativity to an image. In many ways, choosing your image editor corresponds to choosing a photographic lab to perform the physical and chemical processes required to generate prints from your exposed film. The lab technicians at your finisher routinely adjust exposure, color balance, and other details to improve the...

Lighting With Photoshop

Using Photoshop as a digital darkroom is great. Effects you'd need a truckload of equipment to cre- spending that long on a single image, says Biondo, ate in camera, you can now do in postproduction, so without Photoshop, the image simply would not says Biondo. It's the same vision, except it wouldn't have been made. have been possible to make this photograph without Photoshop. I was on one rock and she was on another rock, but both of those rocks were about 40 feet in the air on a remote island beach. Even if it would model up a little, darkened the background, and Photoshop. I was on one rock and she was on anoth- a 17-inch laptop so the art director could watch the er rock, but both of those rocks were about 40 feet progress. Back at the hotel, Biondo brightened the

Looking at Popular Image Editors The Basics

No single image editor is right for every digital photographer. Different image editing programs offer different feature sets and take different approaches to manipulating digital images. The trick is to find the program (or programs) with the features and approach that most closely match your needs and working style. Image editing programs range in capabilities from extremely limited to impressively powerful. And you probably won't be surprised at the correspondingly wide range in price, from free or low-cost for programs with limited capabilities to several hundred dollars for high-end programs. A simple image editor was probably included on the disc that came with your digital camera. Dozens of others are available on the shelves of local computer stores or as free downloads from the Internet. Like the one-hour photo lab, these programs are quick and easy to use for viewing your images and producing simple prints, but the capabilities are usually quite limited. Your search for an...

Adobe Photoshop Atone at the

Adobe Photoshop, as shown in Figure 3-1, is the big kahuna of image editing programs. Available for both Windows and Mac OS, it is the industry standard by which all the other image editing programs are measured. Over the years, Photoshop has earned a place in nearly every digital imaging professional's toolbox. The latest version only cemented that position. In fact, for many graphics professionals, Photoshop is the primary tool for everything from resampling image files and changing the file format to photographic retouching and image enhancement to creating original illustrations and artwork. Figure 3-1 An image being edited in Photoshop CS2. Figure 3-1 An image being edited in Photoshop CS2. Photoshop is a professional-level tool, but you don't have to work at a major advertising agency, photography studio, or printing plant to use it. Even though buying a copy of Photoshop requires a significant investment of money and of time spent learning to use it, it's not beyond the reach...

Whats good about Photoshop

Photoshop didn't attain its stature as the leading high-end image editing program by accident. It has a well-deserved reputation for delivering a complete feature set. In short, this is one powerful program. No matter what you want to do with an image, odds are that Photoshop contains the tools to let you do it. Photoshop can read, write, and manipulate all the industry-standard file for- Book V mats, such as TIFF, JPEG, and, through its Adobe Camera RAW plug-in, the Chapter 3 the image size, resolution, and color depth. Photoshop excels at providing images that are optimized for specialized uses, such as commercial printing and Web graphics. Photoshop also enjoys close ties with several leading page-layout programs and Web-development programs (especially the other O Photoshop provides a rich set of tools for everything from simple image manipulation (cropping and color balance adjustments, to name two) to selecting complex shapes from an image and applying sophisticated filters and...

Learn Photoshop Now

Learn Photoshop Now

This first volume will guide you through the basics of Photoshop. Well start at the beginning and slowly be working our way through to the more advanced stuff but dont worry its all aimed at the total newbie.

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