Laptop Repair Made Easy
We've come a long way since the early 1980s. We now can purchase laptop computers that weigh just a couple of pounds come with more than 100-gigabyte disk drives, one to two gigabytes of memory, and 1 7-inch displays and will play our favorite DVDs while we're on an airplane or camping Nowadays you can even get a laptop equipped with a TV tuner. Next, I'm waiting for a massaging keyboard (adjustable) to relax my hands after a long day of shooting in the field (quick, to the patent office ).
Laptop computers have arguably become one more photography accessory, and some advocate packing a lightweight model on long trips for the immediate review and backup of your images. While having a laptop around may occasionally be convenient, it will also add a lot of worry it will require being close to a power outlet most of the time it will attract attention from potential thieves and it will add a lot of weight to your pack, as even ultra-mobile netbooks weigh a hefty 3.5 to 6 pounds. You can just as efficiently back up images with a portable hard drive, and the low-resolution, low-quality laptop screen will not allow you to do anything more than casual reviewing anyway. Finally, you probably decided to go play in the wild to escape technology for a while, so it would be a shame to spend your time looking at a screen when the real deal is just outside your tent
It's nice to be able to bring the digital darkroom along with you when you travel, and that's what traveling with a laptop computer does for you. Taking along a laptop can also help you manage the problem of storing and reviewing all the photos you create while on a trip without having to resort to buying extra memory cards. I take a laptop with me on every trip I make. I even lugged it along on a 10-mile hike through the Arizona desert to reach and photograph Havasu Falls at the Western Rim of the Grand Canyon Portable hard drives, however, are smaller alternatives to laptop computers when you're traveling. If you like gadgets or are looking for multi-purpose gizmos, a portable hard drive might be right for you. Of course you pay a premium for such quality. The FlashTrax currently goes for about 459 in stores (with a 40GB hard drive capacity) while you can get a bare bones Image Tank for about 69, plus the cost of whatever size laptop hard drive you install yourself, or a model with...
Laptop computers are similar in concept to desktop computers but are substantially smaller and more portable. Laptops (see Figure 3.6) are also more expensive than desktop systems, and the LCD monitors of most models are not very useful for image editing contrast is lower, and even a slight change in viewing angle can significantly affect the relative display brightness. Although a laptop is not the best choice as your primary machine for image editing, it is convenient for traveling. If you decide to buy one, look for a model with a processor that is as fast as that in your desktop computer and includes as much RAM. A lower-capacity hard drive should be adequate unless you plan to store numerous massive image files in your laptop. Because a laptop's monitor is less than ideal for image viewing, plan to save the image editing for completion after you return home. Use your desktop computer, with its superior monitor, for image enhancing. Figure 3.6 Although a desktop computer with a...
Lowepro has announced the most recent addition to its Classified Series in the shape of the Classified Sling. The bag is designed for maximum access, with an easy-to-rotate profile and well-placed pockets.There are also two sizes available, the 180 AW and 220 AW, with the former boasting smaller size and stabiliser strap, while the latter offers capacity for up to a 15.4in laptop. The Classified Sling features Lowepro's patented foldaway All Weather Cover, along with a Hideaway Tripod Mount that, combined with the inclusion of compression straps at the top of the bag, make the Classified Sling airline-compatible. The Sling is available now from 100.
If such activities are the extent of your digital photography ambition, you can get by with very few megapixels. Even a 100, 2-megapixel camera produces a 1600 x 1200-pixel image, which is already too big to fit on the typical 1024 x 768pixel laptop screen (without zooming or scrolling). Remember the 2-megapixel photo that would spill off the edges of a laptop screen Its resolution (measured in dots per inch) is only adequate for a 5 x 7 print. Enlarge it any more, and the dots become visible specks. Your family and friends will look like they have some unfortunate skin disorder. If you want to make prints of your photos (as most folks do), keep the following table in mind It's impossible to overstate how glorious it is to have a huge memory card in your camera (or several smaller ones in your camera bag). Since you're not constantly worrying about running out of space on your memory card, you can shoot more freely, increasing your chances of getting great pictures. You can go on...
It hardly needs to be said that a camera case protects your camera from weather and accidental drops but what about your memory cards They're even more sensitive. If you're backpacking in the Himalayas and decided not to bring your laptop to store your photos, consider getting a weatherproof case to hold all your extra memory cards. Cases are usually designed for a specific type of memory card. You'll find good weather proof cases that holds four to eight cards for under 10.
You can use one or many catalogs to manage your photo library, though as of this writing the Lightroom application can only have one catalog open at a time. For example, some photographers might use different catalogs for work and personal photos, or a unique catalog for each specific client. Also, using temporary working catalogs you can maximize the potential of your workflow. One example of how using multiple catalogs can greatly enable your workflow is when traveling, and using Lightroom on a laptop, then returning home to your main computer. These scenarios are discussed in Chapter 9.
As a digital photographer, you can bring a new dimension to the celebration that most pros don't even offerimmediacy. If you like, you can hook up your camera to a TV to play the pictures back while the reception is still going on. Or, if you bring a laptop, you can have a photo gallery or slideshow up on the Web before the pro even leaves. (See Chapter 17 for details about creating projects like these.)
Indeed, for a long time the only logical choice for most photographers has been the Macintosh. The decision was along the lines of selecting a 35mm Nikon or Canon SLR for photojournalism or a Sinar view camera for studio work a no-brainer. Although I don't have hard figures, my gut feeling is that Macs outnumber PCs in many imaging production environments by at least 8 to 1. In the rest of the business world, the figures are reversed, except on television, where anyone shown with a laptop computer is always using an Apple PowerBook.
Another limiting factor in the daily use of these early cameras was the poor browsing and imaging software and computers that had limited storage capacity and processing speeds. The original image viewing software was proprietary to the camera manufacturers, and Adobe Photoshop wasn't particularly easy to use until version 4.0 was introduced. Also, the Internet was just developing, and transmission of digital files was done mainly on analog phone lines using early laptop computers and self-contained scanner transmitters made by AP Leaf Systems. Today's more elegant software, high-speed, large-capacity computers, and high-speed data lines have made this work quick and effective for deadline-oriented agencies and publications. The digital photography world has seen a level of progress since the early 1990s that equals the rapid advance in computer technology during this same time.
Use the camera manufacturers software or other file management software to transfer image files from the camera to the
An IrDA port looks like a small, dark red (nearly black) lens or window. You find them on some digital camera models from Kodak and Hewlett-Packard, and on a few printers and laptop computers, but rarely as standard equipment on a desktop computer. If your computer doesn't have an IrDA port, you can purchase an adapter that will probably connect to your computer via a cable to one of the standard serial or USB ports.
Monitor Provides a visual display of data and images in your computer. Two types of monitors are available for desktop computers, the conventional CRT (cathode ray tube) monitors (see Figure 3.3) and the slimmer and lighter LCD (liquid crystal display) monitors. (Laptop computers use LCD monitors, but these are also available for desktop systems.) Solid state LCD monitors employ pixels made of liquid crystals instead of using the CRT's conventional electron gun and phosphors. An LCD monitor provides a sharper, smoother, crisper view. The advertised size is also the real size of the display, because the edges are not blocked by the monitor case as with CRT monitors. But CRT monitors have advantages too, and some of these make them preferable for serious imaging they cost much less than a comparable LCD monitor, display more vibrant colors, and have wider viewing angles. CRT monitors can also support a wide range of resolutions with no loss in image quality, which is not possible with...
Desktop computers typically contain more memory, disk space, and expandability than their portable counterparts. It's always been that way, and it will continue to be for the foreseeable future. The reason There's more room for computer manufacturers to include less-expensive components with desktops than with laptops. What that means to you is more bang for your buck you can typically get a desktop computer for far less money than a similarly equipped laptop. Desktop computers are still very popular and offer advantages over laptop computers for speed, price, and video quality. 1994-2003 Hewlett-Packard Company. All rights reserved. Desktop computers are still very popular and offer advantages over laptop computers for speed, price, and video quality. 1994-2003 Hewlett-Packard Company. All rights reserved.
The only way around this is multiple redundancy (backup). I set off on most of my trips with three Nikon land cameras two Nikonos underwater cameras two Subal aluminium underwater housings three Sea & Sea and one Subtronic underwater flash guns, two Nikon land flash guns and a Subal aluminium housing for taking these underwater. Add a laptop computer, various lenses, base plates, strobe arms, spare synchronization cables, chargers, batteries and battery packs to cover regular power failures, underwater torches, film and diving equipment and I have to arrange for extra checked baggage plus over 20 kilograms of hand baggage with an airline.
In this new digital age, camera bag makers have recognized that digital photographers don't just carry regular camera gear these days. So combination camera computer bags are now available that can haul a lot of gear, plus enable you to slip a laptop into a special compartment. The best of these bags are also designed to fit within the confines of an airplane's overhead luggage compartment. Ironically, such a bag may work against you, at least if you're a man. Most airline carryon rules limit you to one carryon bag plus a laptop computer case or woman's handbag. (It still amazes me to see what my wife can carry on board with the understanding it's her handbag.) If you resort to the combination camera computer bag, you'll lose the extra laptop bag you could normally bring. I usually bring both, keep the laptop in the laptop case and use the laptop compartment of the backpack for other storage. Once we're at the hotel, I rearrange things so the laptop is with the camera equipment, and...
I think these estimates are incredibly misguided and resonate with memories of a time when all but the priciest cutting-edge machines were painfully slow. I learned this in an interesting way. I bought a new MacBook (Apple's consumer laptop, not the Pro version) to use on random jobs away from the studio. With Adobe's new Lightroom program, the Intel-chipped laptop (at a little over 1,000) ran circles around my recent-model Apple G5 desktop machine with tons of RAM. The difference was so obvious that I started cheating a bit by hooking up the little laptop to the 23-inch monitor in order to batch process files in about half the time required by my large machine. The use of the newest multi-core Intel chips has changed the whole paradigm of image processing. Now a 1200 laptop can serve double duty. It can be the perfect location machine for reviewing and storing images in the field and, while hooked up to a calibrated monitor, it can provide nearly the same speed of processing as its...
I brightened this by using the Levels command, but not as much as I would have if I'd wanted to leave this as a stand-alone photograph. It was going to be the background for another scene from a recent anniversary celebration in Berkeley's People's Park, but as it turned out, the theft of my laptop computer resulted in the disappearance of the photos from the People's Park anniversary celebration. So I'm going for a whole new interpretation here.
No matter how much research you do in advance, and even if you don't bring along a laptop, you'll always find more to shoot once you arrive. Maui natives are known for their Aloha and quick to share wonders of their beautiful island. I heard about the stunning Olivine Pools from a friendly beachcomber, and the concierge at Hotel Hana-Maui let me in on a few nearby red-sand beaches where you're sure to find surfers. Plotting these locations into Google Earth made it easy to hit several spots in one day. Google Earth contains up-to-date traffic and weather Information, too. Maui's ecological diversity means that certain parts of the island (such as Lahaina) are sunny at the same time that it's raining in others (such as the north shore). With the weather app activated, you can check the weather wherever you're visiting so I knew to pack a jacket to climb Mt. Haleakala, although it was warm outside my hotel room.
Besides sending the small images captured by the integrated camera in some mobile phones via MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service), it is also possible to use a mobile phone to transmit the much higher resolution photos taken with digital cameras and saved, for example, on laptop computers.
Many people, myself included, start off by taking their laptop out to the observatory and using that to acquire the CCD data and to look after the scope driving and autoguiding. The software for downloading the CCD data, and autoguiding can be the native camera software, or it can be specialist software specifically written for carrying out the tasks, including image processing. I have used AstroArt http www.msb-astroart.com to great effect (AstroArt also has a great photometry package amongst many other goodies), but I currently use Maxim DL http www.cyanogen.com for all data acquisition, autoguiding, colour conversion and stacking. Returning to hardware considerations, any current model laptop is going to be good enough to carry out these tasks provided it has a fast USB 2.0 interface available for downloading the data from the CCD camera. Any reasonable size hard drive will also be more than adequate for storing a night's imaging data, the screen brightness is readily reduced to...
Here's rule number one for digital photo backups More is better. For safety's sake, back up all of your photos in more than one place. That way, when a CD breaks, a hard drive crashes, or your laptop is stolen, you've got another copy of your photo library stashed somewhere safe. See the box in Section 7.2.5 for advice on multiple backup options.
It may be unclear just how Crumpler's New Delhi shoulder bag got its moniker, but thankfully there's less confusion about its focus and intentions. With room to fit a 13in laptop and a DSLR with up to three lenses, the bag is aimed directly at the photographer who's packing a little bit more on their travels.
Case, clearly aimed at pros, can fit up to four DSLR bodies, 10 lenses (even a 600mm), and other accessories. There's a compartment for your bulkiest laptop and straps for a tripod. What we like most You can slip it off its wheeled trolley (included) and carry it over your shoulder. And it doesn't weigh much completely empty, and without the trolley, about 5 pounds. 285, street www.kata-bags.com
These days, if you want to shoot insurance photos with a digital camera, you have several options. You can carry a laptop and small portable printer that runs off either the laptop's battery or through an automobile power inverter. This gives you the option of creating your report in the field and printing images as part of the actual report instead of attaching a separate print to it. Although this is nice and tidy and ensures the picture won't get lost, it doesn't provide a very high-quality photographic image. It also means that you need to carry an expensive laptop computer (which you may not own) and lug some fairly heavy gear around with you.
Power supplies for these portable printers vary. Some run off battery power, whereas others either plug into a wall socket or require a separate car adapter. I personally find that an inexpensive auto power inverter (about 25) works just fine. The inverter gives me a device I can use for my laptop computer, cell phone charger, portable printer power supply, and lots of other uses. Just keep in mind that an inverter can draw only so much power from your car's cigarette lighter. For heavier uses, you have to connect it directly to the car battery.
The most important step in implementing color management into your workflow is calibrating your monitor. Calibrating on a regular basis is important because the colors, brightness, and contrast of your monitor change over time. Whether you use a CRT (you know, an older, clunky monitor), one of those sleek new LCD monitors, or a laptop computer, the rule remains the same Calibrate on a regular basis. Most laptop (and some LCD) monitors won't let you adjust color balance and contrast with some of them, only brightness can be adjusted. If you have an LCD monitor, you should still calibrate to ensure optimal brightness settings. Calibrating is important to ensure that colors are completely accurate do as much of it as you can on your machine.
Is a little like taking a fairground ghost train. Sculptures materialise like would-be ghosts in flowing white sheets and are brilliant in their majesty. Focussing is clearly going to be frustrating and stabilising would be out of the question. That's tomorrows challenge to sleep on but for now we head to our accommodation. Simple huts float on rafts on the lake and the sunset is captivating. The electric supply here is by generator only, hence no laptop to review the images on a larger scale. Given the availability of water from both above and below, I didn't fancy chancing my luck bring my baby with me anyway. However the images look good and are enough to brief tomorrows modelling assignment.
2) PERSONAL STORAGE DEVICE If you plan to travel for any longer than a weekend, you'll need some form of image back-up. A laptop's the ideal choice if you want to Photoshop your images while away, but for most, a personal storage device is a better option. Choose a model with a large LCD monitor so you can review and edit images. The Jobo Giga Vu Evolution and Extreme models are excellent, but our favourite is the 80GB Epson P-6000.
So it is all easy Well if someone can invent a sensor that will tell you if you have backscatter than it will be. I shot all these images in only 5-10 metres visibility. Unless you have managed to shoot a snowstorm seeing any scatter on the tiny LCD is impossible, even if you use the magnifier. This where your laptop back in the room becomes handy. If you do not take one then the dive centre might have one or just play with your strobe positioning
The new Epson P-7000 Multimedia Storage Viewer is more than just a portable backup drive. Is it the next best thing to a laptop computer for the busy photographer THE p-7000 is the latest in a series of Epson media storage devices dating back to the P-IOOO of 2004. However, the P-7000 is much more than just an image tank, as it has more in common with a laptop computer than an external hard drive. Inside the reasonably compact body is a 2.5in 160GB drive, a 4in LCD screen and, in a nod to the prevailing trend, it also features the sort of multimedia functionality we have recently come to associate with 'smartphones', including video and audio playback.
Other times, you really do want to show the product being used, especially if it is an unusual application that the viewer might not have thought of. Many laptop computer owners don't know they can link their S-Video ports to a composite monitor or television to view DVDs they play on their computers on a big screen. You can also do this with a desktop computer that has a video card with S-Video output, but the intent of this particular ad was to grab laptop owners. They've already spent big bucks on their portable computer, and are desperate to find something to do with it to justify their expenditure. The first attempt at a photo didn't come off very well, as you can see from the quickie shot (Figure 15.16) made (on the desktop again), using an old IBM laptop and taping the converter gadget to a piece of white paper. Observant types will notice that the jack the item is being plugged into isn't even an S-Video jack it's a PS 2 mouse port. I don't own a laptop with an S-Video jack....
'Well, yeah,' Eli says, his animated voice growing softer. 'Why don't you just get a laptop and use your little digital compact more ' 'It's got rubbish resolution. I can't be a photojournalist with that. Besides, I don't even know how to use a calculator, let alone a laptop.' And then it hit me, the problem that has plagued my creative endeavours my whole life patience. I want it all straightaway. I want the glory of the finished product without the sweat and strain of getting there. When it hasn't happened, I give up. I don't need a darkroom to be a better photographer. As usual, he doesn't know it, but Eli is right I need to take more pictures. I need to develop a style that's my own. Eli sees me deep in thought and can't stand that I'm not sharing. He asks 'What are you thinking '
If you're still in love with the tradition of inviting the client over for a live slide show, this is the way to do it. The advantage is that the audience gets to chime in all at once and it's easy to have the conversation bounce around among art director(s), client reps, photographers, and assistants. The big downside is that there's no way to put the image's filename on screen so it can be noted. Furthermore, there's no equivalent to taking the slide out of the projector to give to the photographer as a sign of approval. The potential versatility of PDF documentsthey can be read on most computers and over the Internetholds a lot of promise. Unfortunately, the potential is limited. You'd be better off hooking up an LCD projector to your laptop and running a web gallery from a CD as a means of running a slide show.
When choosing a computer monitor for your desktop computer or as an external display for your laptop, there are a few specifications you'll need to pay attention to type, size, and dot pitch. LCD displays are becoming more popular and have quickly replaced CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) displays as the monitors of choice. For photographers, CRTs are still the best choice.
The rule of thumb when purchasing computers is to buy the biggest and fastest you can afford. For nature photographers, the rule needs to be customized a bit. I still believe you need a big, honking computer for processing your images in Photoshop, but what about when you're out in the field I don't lug around my desktop computer when I travel cross-country on a photo safari I recommend hauling a laptop. Unfortunately, not everyone has the luxury of having both a desktop computer and a laptop, but let's look at the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Nor do you have to give up much desk space to add storage many drives are no larger than the size of a wallet. For example, Figure 2-3 shows the My Passport drive from Western Digital (www.westerndigital. com), which holds 250GB of data and retails for about 130. The great thing about this type of drive is that it's designed to be portable, so you can pack it in your camera bag when you travel as well as use it at home. (This unit does draw its power from the computer's USB connection, so you need to carry your laptop or have access to another computer at your destination, however).
Most wedding photographers I know, mindful of the failure is not an option nature of this genre, carry at least one extra camera body, multiple electronic flashes (if used), zoom lenses with overlapping focal lengths so that one can sub for another if necessary, and take great care when handling the photographic originals. It's common to have an assistant copy memory cards to a laptop computer right at the ceremony, and even more common to use a second shooter to provide additional and backup photographic coverage.
1 Features you need These are the capabilities you really must have for the kind of photography you do. Perhaps you shoot in low light levels and require a fast lens that lets you grab images without flash. Or, you specialize in sports photography and must have a dSLR with a 3-4 fps shooting rate or better. If you plan to shoot a lot of time-lapse photography, you probably want a camera that can take pictures while powered by AC current and tethered to a laptop computer. Make a list of your must-have features and keep them in mind when searching for your ideal camera.
This is the setup we use to photograph up to three thousand 16x20-inch competition prints. The Canon 5D is tethered to a laptop which shows a full-frame JPEG on capture. The lighting is 5500K daylight fluorescent, which is exactly the white balance setting we use on the camera. A custom, spring-loaded 16x20-inch easel, designed by photographer David Bentley, holds the prints securely. To prevent the easel from moving, blocks of wood and industrial-strength C-clamps hold the easel firmly on the copystand baseboard. The results are quite exceptional. Chris LaLonde fashioned a light tent out of two soft-boxes and a white transparent diffuser. The photo was made with a Nikon D1X, custom-designed close-up lens and three 600Ws White Lightning strobes, two in softboxes. The image was captured directly to Chris's PowerBook G4 laptop so that he could inspect the sharpness at close range. A white cardboard reflector with a hole cut out for the lens was used at the front of the set. The image...
Periodical downloading of travel images is important, so consider investing in a portable hard drive with a decent preview screen and at least 40GB of storage space so you can store your shots and look at them to assess progress as you're going. Alternatively, take a laptop so you can download, view and even start processing (as well as burning images to CD or DVD, for extra security). The downside The availability of power becomes a real issue
On your desktop PC, choose the same email program you use every day. If you're setting up Picasa on a laptop, your email method may vary depending on your location. The first option, Let me choose each time, means Picasa asks what program to use each time you email pictures. For example, you might use Outlook when your laptop's plugged in at work, and Gmail when you're on the road. If you don't use either of these email programs, pick Use Picasa Email, a nifty email service built right into Picasa.
Digital photos are ephemeral one small glitch in your camera or laptop, and an entire shoot can vanish. You'll want to be sure to develop a backup strategy to use on the road. This may include saving your photos to more than one place, such as multiple memory cards, key drives, your laptop, or so on. One great type of device to consider carrying with you is a portable hard drive or CD DVD burner that will take data from your memory card (without requiring a computer) and save it onto a hard drive or burn it to a disc (see Chapter 4 for more information about these devices).
You can upload pictures to your EasyShare Gallery using any Windows XP Web browser, like Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox. The beauty of this method is that you can upload the photos on your camera or memory card using a friend's laptop or a hotel computer that doesn't have the EasyShare standalone program installed. All you need is an Internet connection and a way to connect your camera or memory card to the computer.
If you shoot lots of images away from your home or office, or travel for days or weeks at a time and don't want to drag along a laptop, you would be well advised to buy either a mobile storage unit or a CD DVD burner. It's cheaper than simply buying more memory cards, and it will provide a bit more security. What makes these devices particularly useful is that they don't require a computer, and some are battery-powered portables that you can take with you literally anywhere in the world (and probably the space station, too). CD burners can easily serve as regular CD-RW drives for laptops and PCs. A few can double as DVD-ROM drives as well.
When it comes to working with models and clients, make it fun. It's important to keep your subjects interested in the shoot, so talk with them during the photo session. Playing music helps, too. You can also make the session more interactive by showing the model his or her picture on your camera's LCD monitor or your laptop, if you are doing tethered shooting that is, working with your camera attached to a monitor.
But with today's software and high-speed Internet connections, even the most rudimentary digital cameras and laptop computers can bring the darkroom right into your home. In the digital darkroom, enthusiastic beginners can now learn to process their images quickly and effectively without the hassle and hard work of a conventional darkroom.
There are times when you cannot immediately act on your idea. In these situations, record it in a notebook or laptop. Take the time to transfer all your notes into the record so your ideas will be preserved in one place. A notebook may include articles, quotes, and images, found material, your own written and visual thoughts as well as any items that stimulate your thought processes.
All the recent rotating cameras - traditional or digital - are offered by some of the biggest makers of 35mm and medium format cameras. Both Nikon and Canon sell three shifting lenses of different focal lengths, and Mamiya sells a shifting 50 mm, f4 lens. These are undeniable assets for composing harmonious images with medium format. The camera merely needs be squared up in relation to the horizon, and then there is nothing more to do than shift the lens, adjusting the amount of shift by looking through the view-finder, or at a portable computer screen.
Sure that you have the proper adaptors for whichever country you're visiting. Don't automatically assume there will be plenty of outlets, either. I recently went on a Bahamas cruise and found that our stateroom had only one outlet. Because I'd come prepared with a power strip, we could still plug in my laptop, battery chargers, fan, and my wife's hair dryer and curling iron. Without such foresight . . . well, my wife and I would surely have ended up fighting over a single outlet.
Dealing with the differences in gamut between devices is a big part of color matching and proper printmaking. By making custom profiles for our monitors and specific printer paper combinations, we can help to come closer in color between the different devices. Also, it's important to note that every device must operate consistently and in a stable environment for color management to work properly. If one day you are working outside on a laptop in the bright sun, and the next day you are in near darkness, you are not viewing your screen in a consistent environment, and you probably won't get the results you want.
Mac users may be able to run Windows on their Mac. If they have a new Intel Mac, they can run Parallels Desktop or Bootcamp (free beta software from Apple), which sets up a virtual PC on their Mac. Older Macs may be able to run Virtual PC with varying degrees of success, which emulates a Windows PC computer. Some special Mac drivers have been written, for example for the JamCam even though the cameras were discontinued a number of years ago. If you are a Mac user, you can buy a used PC laptop or desktop computer to download the photographs and then transfer to a small drive. The author paid about 100 for a used PC laptop at a local computerrecycling center. Then he used an old Microdrive and card reader to transfer the images from the PC to his Mac.
As you work, you will probably have to enlarge the image on your screen to be detailed enough. Sometimes it helps to open the color image (if it started as one) to use as a reference. If you work with two monitors, this is easy to do. If you only have one monitor, but you also have a laptop, then you can open the color image in your laptop.
Never pack expensive camera equipment in checked luggage. There's a greater risk of equipment being stolen or damaged this way, plus, there are concerns that the X-ray machines used for checked baggage are so powerful that they can damage digital media and maybe even camera sensors. (The machines for hand carried luggage aren't a problem.) This means if you're carrying a camera bag's worth of equipment or more, some careful planning may be in order, particularly if you're also bringing along a laptop computer.
Images are often shown in a Hollywood style, with a laptop-controlled digital projector taking center stage. Sophisticated slide-show software, such as the popular Photodot Pro-Show Gold ( 70, direct www.pho-todot.com). serves up clever fades, dramatic transitions. booming soundtracks and voiceovers, even video clips. Suddenly, a camera club meeting is a multimedia event.
This is the first tip in this chapter because it is so important. Digital images can easily be lost if a laptop is dropped, if a hard drive stops working, or if a CD or DVD on which you have your photos stored just goes bad. And the possibility always exists of fire, flood, or other damage. In addition to keeping one copy on your working computer for a while, back up your photos to at least two external devices (for example, a hard drive and DVD) and keep one of them separate from the other (preferably in a different town or city). You will have both piece of mind, and a better chance of not losing any of your life's memories and or assignments (if you are a professional photographer). Another option for a third backup would be to use an online backup service (many are very affordable and some are free) or a shared or dedicated server that you manage yourself. Some backup services, as well as a number of books and other resources that discuss both backing up and overall digital asset...
So, here are a few tips to help you quickly get to the earth-shattering moments of finally seeing your images. I have set up my laptop with the very same configuration as my desktop in my studio, which allows some luxury of familiarity between locations. I try to standardize as much of my processing protocol as possible so I can freely accomplish as much in the field as in the studio. Even so, I usually prefer to work on large files and projects at my desk with my larger screen and comfortable chair than on my laptop. On the other hand, good times can be had editing in the field. I do have very fond memories of editing on a porch with a view, a cool breeze on my face, a drink in hand and, of course, good tunes to set the tone. On cold nights, the warmth on my lap radiating from my laptop battery is always comforting.
Following is the set of procedures I use when out shooting on location, and download using a laptop computer. Depending on your own computer hardware and software setup, you can follow this workflow verbatim, or use it as a basis for developing your own methods. In any event, the basic steps remain the same. 1. On my laptop, I create a new, empty Lightroom catalog for each trip. 4. After confirming the import and making backups, I delete all the image files and temporary trip catalog from the laptop, which is then ready for the next trip. 1. On the laptop, launch Lightroom and select File New Catalog. 1. Be sure that the trip catalog on the laptop is fully up-to-date and backed up onto the portable hard drive. Also, whether you're using camera raw files or dng, make sure all metadata has been saved to disk. b. Connect your laptop to the other computer over a network. (Using the backup drive is usually faster and easier just make sure it's identical to the working files on your...
To transfer images from the camera's storage mmedia, you need a slot into which you can plug it. These slots are common on notebook computers, although you may need an adapter to use them, but on most desktop machines you need a card reader. Most notebook computer come with PC Card slots. Sliding a PC Card into one of these slots makes it look to the computer just like a hard drive.
If your camera has a time-lapse feature, this is a piece of cake. The control might be on the camera itself (in the menu system) or on your PC. If it's only on your PC, you may need to connect a laptop to the camera to control the time-lapse operation. If the control is on the camera, though, you don't need any special equipment. All you need to do is configure the camera's interval time, which is the interval between photos.
You dont always need to have your finger on the shutter release to control your camera You might prefer to click the
One of my favorite uses for this setup is photographing birds and other local wildlife that are shy around humans. Using a laptop computer, I can mount the camera on a tripod close to a bird feeder and then watch the activity on my computer screen. With RemoteCapture, I can zoom the lens in and out, control the flash, adjust exposure compensation, and even change the white balance, as shown in Figure 8-32. Once I take the picture, it appears on my computer screen for review. Based on a quick review of the shot, I can make further adjustments and take another shot.
Image resolution remains one of the great mysteries to hobbyist photographers theres one setting for computer viewing
I reopened my laptop, launched Photoshop, and showed him the magic box that he needed to uncheck. His eyes lit up, he grabbed my right hand, and he shook it vigorously. Thank you, thank you he exclaimed and ran out the door. Most likely, he headed directly home and went to work.
When we photograph outdoors, we go to a separate location rather than using a shooting area in back of the studio. I choose locations that have a natural look, so I am often standing on a hillside, in a river, or on rocky cliffs. This is not ideal terrain for lugging along a computer, so we shoot our images only to the media card in the camera. Once the session is over, I have my assistant download the images onto a laptop so the images are stored in two places until we get back to the studio. Then, two CDs are burned of the files stored on the laptop.
Yes iPods make terrific digital music players Theyre also not so bad for storing movies and pictures from your digicam
The 40 GB hard drive in my iPod is as big as the drive in my laptop. I have quite a bit of music, but that's not why I bought an iPod with such a big drive. The real reason is that I can upload movies and photos from my camera's memory card directly to the iPod. That means that as long as I have batteries to power my camera and two memory cards with me, I can shoot until my shutter finger cramps up in lactic-acid misery.
Make sure the colours you see on your TFT screen match those you see in real life by using a hardware
r prepare for calibration For the most I 1 accurate results, make sure there are no light sources shining directly on the screen, so turn off all desk lamps and close the blinds. Other than that, try to keep lighting conditions similar to how you usually view the monitor. Before you begin, reset your display to factory settings by going into the onscreen menu, using the buttons on your monitor. On your PC or laptop, disable any third-party monitor-calibration software you have running at startup (look in the Start menu Startup folder if you're not sure), set the resolution to a minimum of 1,024 x 768 and colours to a minimum of 16 million (24-bit). Insert the CD, install the software, then plug the Spyder in via USB and run the application from the icon on the desktop.
The skills required by a photojournalist are somewhat different however. This type of photography is less structured and more immediate. It tends to be predominantly 35 mm format or equivalent and there is a much greater emphasis on candid images, seizing the moment and being in the right place at the right time. Where editorial and advertising photography will often involve an entourage of people in any one shoot, the photojournalist works mainly on their own. There is not the time available as there is in more formal photography, for images to be retouched, possibly by someone else. The photojournalist these days works mainly using digital equipment from capture to output, with a laptop to retouch the images and transmit them wirelessly as important a part of their everyday kit as their camera. The skills required are more geared towards this way of working. This type of work requires them to think on their feet and to be able to constantly adapt as a situation changes or a news...
I find this a very handy feature to have when I'm working in my studio. When my camera is set up on a tripod, it's easy to tether it to a laptop because the camera isn't moving around. But even if you require more mobility, all you need is a USB cable long enough to reach your computer. So, let's get started
There are many reasons why you may want to move referenced images on your system. If they are stored on an external drive that is approaching its maximum capacity you will probably want to transfer them to a larger drive. If you have upgraded a server on which they were always held you will certainly need to move them. Perhaps you're just having a spring clean of your file system, or you are working simultaneously on both a laptop and desktop. In any of these scenarios, Aperture may lose contact with your original files, because they won't be stored in the locations you originally specified. In this case, you need to show it where they can now be found. You do this by managing your referenced images.
If you travel or hike while shooting, a high-horsepower laptop is a lifesaver. Look for the following features 1+ MB RAM, 100+ GB HD, 15.4- or 17-inch widescreen, DVD writer, built-in WiFi, and built-in card reader. Even a duo-core 64-bit processor is an affordable option nowadays. You should be able to get all this for around 1,200 in a Windows laptop or for around 2,200 in a Mac laptop.
Surf, and view images laptop-style on its 2.4-inch LCD. But when all the buttons are tucked away, the Ocean looks a lot like an ultracompact camera, complete with LED flash. It captures MPEG-4 video, while integrated GPS supports both Google Maps and Helio's Buddy Beacon, which alerts friends to your location (or you to theirs). The phone even comes loaded with MySpace software. About 300 (with contract).
Long before your photo appears as a print, it has a brief life on a liquid crystal display (LCD) screen, either the small one on the back of most digital cameras or the larger screens on your laptop or desktop computer. LCD screens and their older, more cumbersome cousin, the cathode ray tube (CRT), use different methods to produce the same three colors that blend into full-color pictures. But curiously, they don't use the same colors that photo-quality printers use. All color screens use red, green, and blue, which is why you'll hear them referred to at times as RGB displays. Printers use two off-shades of red and blue (magenta and cyan) and a standard yellow at least to begin with. Now the more overachiev-ing color printers are adding more colors and subtler hues to reproduce richer and more accurate color prints. We'll get to them in the next couple of illustrations. For now, let's look at your pictures on an LCD screen, whether on a desk or camera.
If you use a laptop computer to download your images during photo trips, you can do so via the computer's PC card slot. Place the memory card in a suitable adapter, such as a Compact-Flash-to-PC card adapter ( 10), and insert it in the PC card slot it is plug-and-play compatible with any computer. This eliminates the need for a memory card reader accessory or the hassle of hooking a camera up to the computer. Most adapters are intended for only one type of digital memory card. and these are fine unless you use two or more card types. In that case, look for a multiple card adapter that accepts up to four types of cards. (They run from 30 to 50.) Some PC card adapters, such as the Delkin eFilm PRO CardBus 32-bit adapter for CompactFlash cards, allow for roughly four times faster data transfer than the conventional 16-bit adapters. If you often transfer many large image files to your laptop, it's worth paying extra for the 32-bit accessory ( 59, www.delkin.com).
Just about every computer accessory connects to your computer via USB connector. The problem is, eventually, you run out of USB ports, especially on laptop Kensington's new PocketHub Media C v card reader ( 50 street) does its pa '- , o-i-n the USB overload with three extra Hi . .- 11 . ports. Up front are four slots that accept up to 15 different types of memory cards. Now you won't have to unplug your USB-powered coffee warmer every time you want to download some images. (Kensington www.kensington.com 800-535-4242)
You told us a few times in your RAW software test (May 08) that it was a shame that Apple's Aperture 2 was only available for Macs. Which begs the question how did you manage to get it onto a Sony Vaio laptop Or was that illustration anyone else as annoyed as me I couldn't purchase a roll of llford HPS film in any of the photography shops in my home city (Perth) last Sunday -1 will either have to visit a specialist store or purchase from abroad. What's more, my request for a Voigtlander was met with blank stares. Was I asking about a hitherto unknown medical condition No new film cameras on display at all, but if I wished to purchase one it would be ordered in for me. Why should I not buy direct from the manufacturer No such problems with digital - I'd just go to my local furniture electrical store. Digital cameras are on display between the toasters, blenders and laptops The Lowepro Vertex 300 AW is a serious backpack for serious digital photographers. Combining water-resistant...
Can these strobes shine You bet I set up a typical product shot against a white seamless, unpacked the Travelites, and was admiring professional results on my laptop screen within 15 minutes. I especially liked the heads' continuously adjustable power (full to V32nd power), which was well-suited to holding highlight detail when shooting digital.
Depending upon the make, model, and price, a card reader may be USB 1.1 or 2.0 enabled. If your computer or laptop has a USB 2.0 port (almost all units sold since 2002 have USB 2.0 built in), spend a few bucks extra and get a USB 2.0 card reader for significantly faster data transfers. A handful of expensive memory card readers are FireWire enabled rather than USB enabled. If speed is important to you, and your computer or laptop has an IEEE 1394 port, buy the FireWire rather than the USB model. Installing a memory card reader usually means plugging it into one of your computer's USB (or FireWire) port. If it's not recognized immediately, you may have to first install the driver that comes with it (usually only on older computers), or you plugged it into an expansion hub rather than directly into your computer or laptop. Rather than plugging the card reader into a hub, insert it directly into the computer's built-in USB port. After taking those steps, if it's still not recognized, try...
The traveling nature photographer also has to deal with how to download, back up, and manage large image files during extended periods out in the field. There might be locations in which you don't have access to an electrical outlet where you can plug in a laptop. Unless you're carrying a number of 2-gigabyte cards with you, what do you do to protect your images
Laptop manufacturer Asus is credited with introducing the first Netbook back in 2007. That was the Eee PC, originally targeted as a small and affordable portable computer for schools and users in developing countries. Asus's strategy was interesting because the other compact computer platform around at the time - the Ultra Mobile PC (UMPC)-was struggling. UMPCs generally didn't look like conventional laptops and had touchscreens. But the Netbook was just like a miniaturised laptop. There was no doubt that the Eee PC was cute and caught the imagination of the general market. Today, practically all the big notebook brands are now introducing Netbooks.
Each participant should bring along his own laptop loaded with Adobe Photoshop Elements 9. You can download a free trial copy from www.adobe.com which will stay in effect for one month from the day of download. Please ensure that your laptop is in good working order and that you are familiar with its usage. Persons not knowing how to use the computer need not enroll. Also know that written notes will not be given.
Have you edited images on a laptop until they were perfect, only to receive 4xGs from your printer that were too dark, too light, or inconsistently toned It happens, even when you've calibrated your monitor. The problem Inconsistent screen-viewing angles. Changing the angle of the screen just a tad can produce wide swings in display tonality, making it hard to adjust image quality. The answer could be the Acratech Viewing Angle Gauge. A simple aluminum device ( 15, direct www.acratech.net), It Velcros to a laptop cover. Lining up its sights places your eyes at a constant 90-degree angle to the screen the angle notebook makers intended.
So my initial imaging system was a standard Nexstar 11GPS in Alt-Az mode, SXV-H9C colour CCD imaging camera, and the Hyperstar lens. The first thing that had to be changed was the focuser on the Nexstar, which turned out to be far too coarse for f 1.85 imaging. The depth of focus for the Hyperstar system on the 11 GPS is only around 7 microns where the diameter of a human hair is on average around 80 microns The standard Celestron focuser was replaced by the FeatherTouch focuser http www.starizona.com from Starizona, a straight replacement that gives coarse and fine focusing options using an outer and inner focusing knob. This is a truly superb product and it is indispensable for fine focusing if you are moving the main mirror of a large reflector to micron accuracy At this point I also changed from taking a little VAIO laptop into the observatory to having a home-built 1GHz mini-ATX machine in permanent residence. Not having the portable little laptop made it difficult for me to...
Based on a similar optical technology to CDs, drives for reading DVDs are common, especially in laptop computers. If you want to store images to DVDs, you'll need a DVD recorder, or burner. This device writes data to a DVD with ultrahigh capacity as much as 4.7GB or 9.46GB on a dual-sided disc, with the possibility of higher-capacity discs in the
You can cover this sport effectively with an 80-200 lens or equivalent (unless you're focusing on the goalie, in which case you'll need a longer lens). The biggest challenge is dealing with fast moving players who are constantly changing directions and getting in each other's (and your) way. Expect a lot of wasted shots as your auto focus will frequently be a tad too slow or another player will dart in front of your camera just as you're making a shot. Try to have plenty of camera memory with you or some way of dumping images to an external hard drive or laptop, because chimping (taking quick breaks to examine your shots) wastes valuable shooting time.
The Lithium-Ion battenesthat we use in our cameras and laptops are a massive step forward from the Ni-Cad and NiMH cells we used to use. Li-lon batteries do not suffer from memory effects, and do rot require conditionhg, although they still need taking care of. Rechargeable batteries do not last forever, and the amount of charge that can be stored diminishes over the course of a battery's life, even when you aren't using it So it's not worth avoidrg charging cycles, but better to get on and use your batteries for what they are meant for. In fact, running your laptop computer off the mains all the time car be bad fcr the battery. It's much better to discharqe the battery to 50 and charge again. Most batteries have a fuel gauge hat can be periodically calibrated by discharging the batten' to zero. You can do this by operating your camera (or laptop) until it switches itself off with a low- battery warning.
The most common way to store images is on CDs or DVDs. All commercial computers built today, even laptops, have some sort of CD or DVD burning capability. You can also purchase standalone battery-operated burners and hard drives (dubbed personal storage devices, or PSDs) with 20-40GB of storage to offload your images while you're traveling. Some prefer the portable DVD burners over the PSDs because the hard drive solutions are subject to the same potential problems that any hard drive can suffer. Non-rewriteable optical media that's verified when originally written should remain readable for at least long enough to copy it to additional backup discs when you return. I like the PSDs (see Figure 4-3) because they're much more compact than DVD burners and have proven reliable enough for my needs. (When I'm being especially careful, I take along two PSDs, or a laptop and a PSD, and then back up to both.)
Give up pho-t o g r a p h y and become a farmer, sighs Roberto Gomes. Photography is a tough career anywhere, let alone in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Especially for 58-year-old Soares-Gomes, whose camera case with two digital bodies, lenses, and laptop was stolen after a recent shoot in Argentina. But I had your invitation to come to New York, he says, and it changed my life
Camera inside the housing in my hand luggage, along with lenses and laptop. Strobes, ports etc go in the hold, in a hard Samsonite suitcase. I do not use hard Pelican style cases because they weight too much and attract the attention of customs officials and thieves (reading Tim Rock's experiences in Bali these can often be the same person).
Ever since digital photography has existed, engineering enthusiasts have been trying to put a sensor (i.e., one that takes the form of a CCD laser scanner) in rotational cameras. Technically, it's quite foreseeable, and ultimately, financially feasible, because if such a camera is still expensive today, the resulting film and scanning budget will be close to nothing. For example, making a color transparency with a Roundshot 220 presently costs as much as 15 35 mm photos These cameras are constantly improving, just like digital cameras in the more traditional formats do. And even if the urge to come out with new models is less intense, doubtless due to their price, there is still a rapid evolution of this kind of equipment. It is not possible to change the sensor, so the purchase of a conventional or panoramic digital camera is directly linked to the quality and size of the sensor. As of this writing, digital sensors are becoming larger and larger in height at least, they are capable...
I once heard a photographer talk about his experiences photographing a swimsuit pictorial for a national sports magazine, and he emphasized the usefulness of the portable generators he brought with him. A portable generator sounds like a great idea until you have to listen to one chug away incessantly and at a high decibel level. But if you are traveling with a car, you already have a portable generator, and all you need are the right tools to draw power from it. The most obvious tools, some of which you likely already own, are DC-to-AC adapters for cigarette lighter sockets to charge or power your phone, GPS, laptop, and so forth. But you can get better results and more flexibility by plugging a power, or line, inverter into the lighter socket, or directly to your car's battery when stopped. (See Figure 3.8.) The power inverter converts DC (the direct current coming from cigarette lighter sockets), to AC, the alternating current that household outlets provide, and has standard...
Lens, 18mm f2.8, 16mm f2,8 fisheye, 24mm f2.8, 28-70mm f2.8 and the 80-400 f4 ED lens. Digital films are just 2 x 1 gig compact flash card and 2 x 1gig IBM Microdrive. Though I have a notebook computer, digital media is downloaded after each session into a Digital photography brings a host of new experiences for the underwater photographer, like sitting in a van in a wetsuitfull of sand and salt downloading images to a laptop. Photograph by Steve Broadbelt. photography, and digital provides an even bigger gadget-endorphin hit the adrenaline surge you get every time you back-roll into salt water with 14K worth of moisture sensitive electronics in your lap . The digital photographer's watchwords are' smaller, faster, cheaper . A perfect sentence would be I can transfer 1000 images a second onto my laptop with this finger-top card reader, and it only cost me 5 in Singapore . excuse to bring your laptop on vacation . Obviously a computer is just another gadget to add to the toy count...
Other props to consider are tools used by the person you're photographing. If you're photographing a business person, take a picture of her with her laptop while talking on her cell phone, as I did in Figure 6-5. If you're photographing a firefighter, take a picture of him holding an axe.
I use Adobe Bridge because I have grown accustomed to it over the years. Lightroom and Aperture can be used in a similar way. All my image files are stored on multiple external hard drives, which keeps my laptop hard drive space free for programs that I use in the field. Figure 8-3 illustrates where the files are archived as they move through the various steps of my workflow. This type of tree of folders can be created on any computer or platform. To download my images, I use Firewire 800 card readers and portable hard drives. I never store files on my laptop, but instead organize them on two external LaCie hard drives. One drive is for the working files and the other for a backup. During downloading of the image files I use metadata templates for adding basic information to all my files. The metadata templates are found in Bridge through File menu Tools Edit Metadata Template. The fields I use are shown in figure 8-4.
These work in the PC card slot of your laptop computer and are a nice choice for many users. These adapters are a little longer than a business card (plus much thicker) and have a receptacle at one end that receives the compact flash card, IBM microdrive, Sony memory stick, or smart media card it's designed for. Slide the card into the PC card slot and the media shows up on your computer screen just like another hard drive. These adapters are simple to use. They don't require any drivers, they work in both Macs and PCs, and they're generally pretty cheap. In terms of speed, they're faster than USB but not quite as fast as FireWire or USB 2.0. The biggest potential drawback is that you need one for each medium you use, which can be a hassle if you use more than one medium. The only other drawback to these handy little critters is that they only function on a laptop computer. See Figure 14-2 for some examples of PC card adapters.
Do you need flexibility If you're a walker, where are you going to stow your drinks, food, clothing and maps If you're going to be away from base for a while or you're visiting a client, where are you going to keep your laptop Backpacks aren't just about camera gear. Flexibility can be very important too.
These days, depending on the size and budget of the photo production, photographers will have one photo assistant to handle lighting and other traditional assisting duties and an additional person to do the computer work. This person will download cards into the laptop, organize them into folders by shot name, and begin making sure the digital images are ready for the photographer to review when there is a break in the shoot. (Whether you are working on location or in the studio, you need to keep up with the shoot by downloading digital files as you go.)
Spindle speed plays a big part in hard disk speed, and this is particularly important if you have a laptop. While virtually all desktop PC hard disks spin at 7,200rpm, laptop hard disks vary between 4,200rpm, 5,400rpm and 7,200rpm. If you're buying a new laptop for editing photos, go for the fastest spindle speed. If you'd rather use a laptop, the same principles apply lots of RAM, a big hard disk and a dual-core processor are all desirable. Consider adding an external hard disk to store your photo collection.
To get the best results out of the S21 normally shoot raw files then once on the laptop convert to 16 bit RGB Tiffs . Then do any exposure or colour adjustments in levels or curves in Photoshop then convert back to 8 bit before any final tweaks retouching, sharpening if necessary and saving to disk. On this occasion however due to the time factor involved in making four dives, and downloading backing up and checking all images in the surface intervals I shot jpegs at fine setting. Then once back at the office images were uploaded from the Laptop to my G4 opened edited and the chosen images converted immediately to Tiffs before any adjustments were made to avoid any lossy compression deteriorating images. After around 70 minutes dive time the previews were looking great and I couldn't wait to download the first images onto the laptop. The downloads confirmed my instincts - the shots did look great Obviously, there were a few rejects where I had mistimed the shutter release or not...
All images are downloaded into my laptop and the totally useless and obviously duplicated ones are deleted. I often do this on the camera on the safety stop or on the boat ride after diving. I know my camera's LCD screen well enough to trust my judgement when reviewing image on it. I always shoot in RAW. Once downloaded I also make daily backups from my laptop to a Lacie Pocketdrive - that is powered from my laptop down the Firewire connection. I also run a separate favourites folder on I shoot a Canon lDmkll with a 2 gig highspeed flash card. It will fit about 185 j RAW photos per I dive. I shoot RAW underwater and RAW+Jpg topside. On a really rich divesite, I'll take perhaps 100 photos, so I generally get two dives before changing my card. The same holds true for my strobe batteries, so it the system works well for me. After the dives, (perhaps at lunchtime) I'll copy the images to my laptop, using a cardbus CF adapter and Dowloader Pro software by Breeze Systems. The cardbus...
Jeff and Kathleen Hawkins suggest bringing a laptop to a wedding and burning your pictures to a CD at intervals throughout the event. (Of course, this is good advice when conducting a location portrait session, too.) Don't change or modify images in any way until you have first saved them, they advise. Some photographers have an assistant
Many image editors let you specify the quality that a compressed JPEG file should maintain. The highest quality level produces minimal compression, or a low compression ratio. Select this option if you must work in JPEG, perhaps while using a laptop with limited storage space. This minimizes the loss of data and the change in the values of the image file.
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