Basics of Photography

Smart Photography has been continually receiving requests to start a basic course for beginners. With this in mind, we have asked a very knowledgeable photographer from Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, to take over writing these articles. We have also requested him to be as jargon-free as it is possible, so that newcomers to photography feel comfortable to pursue the hobby.

The author, Ashok Kandimalla has been in the photographic field for over three decades and has extensive experience in both film and digital photography. Being an electronics engineer by profession and a photographer, gives him a unique and deep insight into the technical aspects of digital photography and equipment. He has published several articles on photography and some of his writings have also been published in the well-known international magazine Popular Photography. He is an avid collector of photographic books and vintage cameras. Ashok has a keen interest in the history of photography and has a passion of sharing his knowledge on photography through teaching and writing. His other interest is music and is presently employed as the Chief Technology Officer in Infotech Enterprises Ltd., Hyderabad. He can be reached at [email protected]

Neutral Density (ND) Filters fhese are color-less Iters (they look grayish) that reduce the intensity of light entering the lens. ND filter must be truly color less. That is, they should only cut light but not introduce any color casts. Note that the effect of a ND filter cannot be duplicated with editing software. Also, an ND filter cuts the light entering the lens and hence has no effect on DOF. ND

£ w An example of a photograph taken at a slow shutter speed of'/: of a W.' ■ sec. The aperture used was f/25 providing adequate DOF. See how the water has taken a silky appearance.

Cityscapes and Seascapes (Part mportant accessories for landscape photography: There are only a few more accessories that you may need. These are neutral density (ND), graduated neutral density (Grad ND) and polarizing filters.

filters are available in different densities (strengths) like 1, 2, 3, 6 and 10 stops. For example a 2 stop ND filter slows down the shutter speed by two stops.

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