Landscape Photography Lightroom Presets

Landscape Legend Lightroom Presets

This software program allows you to get truly excellent-quality landscape lighting presets that take your landscape photos from good to excellent. Why mess around with lower-quality landscape shots that could be turned into professional-level shots that no one will know are taken by an amateur photographer? None of this is a shot at anyone's photography ability; everyone, every professionals, use powerful tools to make sure that their shots are the best quality they can do! You will be able to layer the presets as you want them, brush individual parts of the photo, or use a graduated filter to make sure that you get the exact photo that you want out of your computer and camera. This software has all of the power of professional software, only without the learning curve that it normally takes to learn it. Anyone, regardless of ability, can learn how to use this software! Continue reading...

Landscape Legend Lightroom Presets Summary


4.6 stars out of 11 votes

Contents: Software
Creator: Marc Andre
Official Website:
Price: $49.00

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My Landscape Legend Lightroom Presets Review

Highly Recommended

The interface is user friendly with its intuitive layout. Also, the addition of the prompt, with expert advice sets it apart from all the other similar programs. The Landscape Legend Lightroom Presets installation process is clean and without any unpleasant surprises like hidden toolbars, adds or anything like that. However, the installation process takes a bit longer than expected and you actually have to go through ten steps before the installation is complete, but that can hardly be considered a downside though.

I personally recommend to buy this software. The quality is excellent and for this low price and 100% Money back guarantee, you have nothing to lose.

Digital Nature Photography The Art and the Science

John and Barbara Gerlach have been professional nature photographers for more than 25 years. Their beautiful nature photographs are published in magazines, calendars, and books worldwide. They travel the globe leading photographic safaris to terrific wildlife destinations and teach field workshops on landscape, close-up, and hummingbird photography. More than 50,000 people have attended their intensive 1-day nature photography instructional seminars. Both love to teach others how to make their own fine photographs. They enjoy living in the mountains near Yellowstone National Park and frequently ride their horses in the backcountry to photograph. For details about their instructional nature photography field programs, please go to I thank Larry West and John Shaw who changed my life when I attended their weekend nature photography workshop in the mid-seventies while in college. I thought I was a decent nature photographer, but when I saw their images, I knew...

The Landscape Photographers Secret Weapon

So, earlier you learned about the polarizer and how essential that filter is. This filter, the neutral density gradient filter, isn't necessarily essential but it is the secret weapon of professional landscape photographers. It lets them balance the exposure between the ground and the sky to capture a range of exposure which, without it, their camera could never pull off (it's either going to expose for the ground or for the sky, but not both at the same time). For example, let's say you're shooting a landscape at sunset. If you expose for the sky, the sky will look great but the ground will be way too dark. If you expose for the ground, then the sky will be way too light. So, how do you get both the sky and the ground to look right With a neutral density gradient filter (a filter that's dark at the top and smoothly graduates down to transparent at the bottom). What this essentially does is darken the sky (which would have been overexposed), while leaving the ground untouched, but the...

Go on a Wildlife and Nature Photo Tour

Getting photos like the ones shown in Figure 5.6 just doesn't happen by accident. If you're new to photographing wildlife, I highly suggest going on a trip with an expert. John Baker is a longtime nature photographer who leads photo excursions all over the world. Many times a year, John leads photo tours for small groups, getting to where the wildlife is, as well as guiding you to the grand vistas of their environment. I've had the pleasure of joining John on one of his tours, and I highly recommend the experience to you. You can look up John's latest tour schedule by visiting his Web site at http Figure 5.6 If you're new to shooting wildlife and you want to have a great nature photography experience, consider booking yourself on a photo tour. Photos courtesy of John Baker. John Baker, 2006. Figure 5.6 If you're new to shooting wildlife and you want to have a great nature photography experience, consider booking yourself on a photo tour. Photos courtesy of John...

Books about Nature Photography

The Nature Photographer's Complete Guide to Professional Field Nature Photography Through Four Seasons Arnold Wilson. 34.95 Nature Photography National Audubon Society Guide Tim Fitzharris. 15.96. Nature Photography Hotspots Where to find them, when they're at their best, and how to approach them Tim Fitzharris. 19.95. Nature Photographer's John Shaw's Business of Nature Photography A Professional's Guide to Marketing and Managing a Successful Nature Photography Business John Shaw. 35.00. Selling Nature Photographs Norbert Wu. 18.95. Kodak Pocket Guide to Nature Photography Beyond the Basics Techniques for Outdoor Nature Photography George D. Lepp. Nature Photography George D. Lepp. 32.95. Guide to Bird and Nature Photography Images by North America's Premier Nature Photographers David Middleton. 49.95. An Elegant Little Guide To Outdoor Photography Judy Holmes. 7.95 The Nature Photographer's Guide to Computer Imaging

Landmarking Landscape Photos

Landscape photos are usually thought of as a way to capture the beauty of nature and a way to document and share the great sights you saw on a trip or outing. But, how often have you forgotten just exactly where those great shots were taken, or not been able to explain easily to your friends and family the pleasant circumstances associated with them A simple way to preserve the memory of where each set of landscape photos was taken and help bring out the context for family and friends is to include a landscape landmark shot in each series.

Designing Your Landscape Photos

Landscape photography is another photographic pursuit that benefits from the dSLR's ability to use wide-angle lenses. Landscapes also happen to be, after portraits, one type of photography that is most likely to be blown up to huge sizes and displayed on the wall. As much as people love their loved ones, they're also fond of Mother Earth and enjoy sharing photographs of each. fa Landscape photography also happens to be one of the more happily gadget-prone photographic pursuits. Gradient neutral density filters dark on top and clear on bottom can balance a brilliant sky with the less-bright foreground. Gradient color filters, which I describe in more detail in Chapter 15, can blend a warm orange color on one half with a rich blue on the other, producing an interesting split effect between sky and foreground. Tripods are a valuable tool for landscape photos because they steady the camera to help you take razor-sharp images that you can blow up to mammoth size. They're also handy as a...

Landscape Photography

TIPS, TOOLS, AND TECHNIQUES TO GET THE MOST OUT OF YOUR LANDSCAPE PHOTOGRAPHY There has always been something about shooting landscapes that has brought a sense of joy to my photography. It might have something to do with being outdoors and working at the mercy of Mother Nature. Maybe it's the way it challenges me to visualize the landscape and try to capture it with my camera. It truly is a celebration of light, composition, and the world we live in. In this chapter, we will explore some of the features of the T2i that not only improve the look of your landscape photography, but also make it easier to take great shots. We will also explore some typical scenarios and discuss methods to bring out the best in your landscape work.

Focusing Tips For Landscape Photography

Hyperfocal distance, also referred to as HFD, is the closest point of focus to the lens where the remaining distance (out to infinity) is acceptably in focus. Combining HFD with a small aperture will help you achieve a great depth of field, ideal for many landscape photographs. A simple way to achieve this is to focus on an object that is about one-third of the distance into your frame. This is the method used by most working pros and is the easiest to remember and apply while shooting.

Using The Landscape Picture Style

Picture Style Canon

When shooting landscapes, I always look for great color and contrast. This is one of the reasons that so many landscape shots are taken in the early morning or during sunset. The light is much more vibrant and colorful at these times of day and adds a sense of drama to an image. You can help boost this effect, especially in the less-than-golden hours of the day, by using the Landscape picture style (Figure 7.10). Just as in the Landscape mode found in the Basic zone, you can set up your landscape Using the Landscape picture style can add sharpness and more vivid color to skies and vegetation. Using the Landscape picture style can add sharpness and more vivid color to skies and vegetation.

Nature Photographers Calendar A Seasonal Guide to Locations

Outdoor Photographer There are also tour companies that take care of organizing a trip for you, whether you want to travel alone or with a group. Be sure you deal with a photography-oriented company, as most tours arc designed for the casual tourist to whom an 8 00 a.m. departure is the crack of dawn. Pick a company that specializes in nature photography, then check out their itineraries and their leaders to make sure both meet your qualifications. I recommend a company offering worldwide trips I lead a few tours for them every year.

Photographing Landscapes

Landscape photography is where you show the power and beauty of the physical world. This type of shooting is classic photography. It's where you capture a side of your world that isn't always readily apparent to the casual passersby. Yet truly gifted landscape photographers do manage to find ways to document the beauty and scale of the landscape. What's their secret This chapter helps you see how to shoot great landscape photos. You just need to follow the basic rules of composition, make the light work to your advantage, use seasonal weather conditions to break out of the typical postcard image, and include a foreground element to make an image feel more three-dimensional. And that's only the beginning. Read on to find out more secrets of the landscape photography pros.

Getting Started in Landscape Photography

Now that I've spilled the beans on some of the secrets of how great landscape photos are made, you're ready to go out and make your own masterpieces, right Unfortunately, it isn't quite that simple. So, first, here's a basic primer on landscape photography. Rural This is one of the stereotypical types of landscape images. It can be the covered bridge, the farm scene, or great rolling hills of pastureland. Rural landscapes take advantage of graceful curves and soft lines. They can show vast expanses of land or particularly familiar icons. Rural landscapes look like they can be used to illustrate America the Beautiful. Landscape photography is about finding beauty in the world around us. All the elements of composition discussed earlier in this book are particularly important tools in showing that beauty. Just like the landscape painters and artists who came before, photographers, both pro and amateur, pursue landscape images to fulfill a need inside to create works of beauty....

The essential equipment for the landscape photographer

Camera - This sounds like an obvious inclusion in the gear round-up but the features on the camera you use can make a lot of difference to the quality of work you produce. Options like RAW file capture, manual or aperture priority exposure modes, depth of field preview button, exposure compensation system and self-timer can all contribute to the creation of better landscape photographs. the cheapest part of the landscape shooting exercise. Most of the trouble and expense is involved in getting to the location, so once you are there make sure that you have enough memory space to take plenty of shots. It may be tempting to take along a portable storage device such as the Nikon Coolwalker or the Nixvue Vista but often the extra weight and space taken up by one of these devices means that extra or larger memory cards are more practical in the long run. This is especially true with companies like Lexar now producing 8 Gb compact flash cards. Figures 20.2 and 20.3 The weather and light play...

Read Books About Nature Photography

Hundreds of books are available on all aspects of photography. Be sure to look for titles that match your interests very closely. There are books on general nature photography like this one, landscape photography, closeup nature photography, wildlife photography, and many others. If you are interested in working on your nature images with software, then you will find some of the many books devoted to the digital darkroom quite helpful. Be careful about buying books on software programs because they rapidly go out of date since software is updated frequently.

Professional Vs Amateur Nature Photographers

Are professional nature photographers better than amateurs I know quite a few professional nature photographers and some are better than most amateurs and some aren't. Saying you are a professional photographer means you make the majority of your money from photography. Amateurs make his her money in some other way. Identifying yourself as an amateur or pro nature photographer really says nothing about your knowledge or skill level. It merely indicates your source of income. One of the finest nature photographers I know who easily would occupy a slot in my top 10 list of nature photographers is Alan Charnley. You haven't heard of Alan because he doesn't try to sell photos or make any money from his nature photography. He has been my dentist for the past 30 years. Incredibly successful in his practice, he doesn't need or want to bother with making money from nature photography. He does it strictly for the fun of it. Plenty of amateur nature photographers like Alan are every bit as good...

Great Places To Take Nature Photographs

One of the wonderful things about nature photography is that it can be done anywhere. You don't need to travel the world to take nature photographs. Even if you live in a large city, natural areas are nearby. New York City has Central Park, plus zoos and botanical gardens. Let's start with your own property. If your entire property is a mowed lawn, perhaps you could plant a flower garden. Then you would have many opportunities to photograph flowers and the insects that are attracted to them. Bird feeders and water baths should attract a large variety of colorful songbirds. Any nearby meadow full of wildflowers is certain to be packed with photogenic subjects, especially on a cool dewy morning. Nearby forests, lakes, marshes, and seashores offer many opportunities for the nature photographer. In many locations, public land is available to use. the wildflowers in their restored prairie. I did most of my nature photography in the Lapeer State Game Area, a huge block of wild land that was...

Making Camera Settings for Nature and Landscape Photos

The one thing the nature photographer needs to technically master is the controls on the digital camera he or she is using. I've stressed that the most important key to great photos is the composition, but you also need to make sure your camera settings are correct to make sure you are capturing your composition correctly. To do that, you need to know what settings are appropriate for each photo. Figure 4.15 Shoot nature photos in both portrait and landscape orientations you'll have more options for outputting your images to print later without having to crop. Figure 4.15 Shoot nature photos in both portrait and landscape orientations you'll have more options for outputting your images to print later without having to crop. 3. Place your digital camera on your tripod. Even though you might have plenty of light and you can shoot at a fast shutter speed, don't be tempted to hand-hold your digital camera while taking the photo. As a reminder, always use a sturdy tripod for your nature...

Tripods for Nature and Landscape Photographers

As a nature photographer, I shoot 98 percent of my photos on a tripod. It's a habit I grew into years ago and I can swear by the results. A tripod is the second most important piece of equipment you could ever use the first most important piece of equipment is a good tripod.

Impressive Winter Landscape Photos

Whether you live in a chilly clime covered with snow and ice before winter arrives, or only see snow on the ski hill even in February, these photo tips for stunning winter landscape photos will come in handy. Using the simple guidelines below, you can capture dramatic, memo- This winter landscape photo on the previous page, provided by Christine Turner of Waterlooville, Hampshire, UK, was taken in Iceland. It exemplifies many of the techniques outlined below.

Using The Landscape Picture Control

When shooting landscapes, I always look for great color and contrast. This is one of the reasons that so many landscape shots are taken in the early morning or during sunset. The light is much more vibrant and colorful at these times of day and adds a sense of drama to an image. There are also much longer and You can help boost the vibrancy and contrast, especially in the less-than-golden hours of the day, by using the Landscape picture control (Figure 7.9). Just as in the Landscape mode found in the automatic scene modes, you can set up your landscape shooting so that you capture images with increased sharpness and a slight boost in blues and greens. This control will add some pop to your landscapes without the need for additional processing in any software. Using the Landscape picture control can add sharpness and more vivid color to skies and vegetation. Using the Landscape picture control can add sharpness and more vivid color to skies and vegetation.

Tips Tools And Techniques To Get The Most Out Of Your Landscape Photography

There's something fun and challenging about relying on Mother Nature when trying to capture great landscape images, because a scene can change dramatically from moment to moment depending on the weather. I feel that I lose some control over my images, but that's what makes photographing nature so intriguing. Now, I'll be honest I'm not a huge fan of getting up at 5 a.m., before the sun rises. But on the rare occasions that I've found myself out in the middle of nowhere with a tripod and camera in tow, I have experienced some of my most relaxing and peaceful photographic moments. In this chapter, we will explore some of the features of the 7D that not only improve the look of your landscape photography, but also make it easier to take great shots. We will also explore some typical scenarios and discuss methods that will bring out the best in your landscape photography.

Improve Your Outdoor Photographs

In my experience, people are more disappointed with their outdoor photography than any other kind of images. They complain about the washed-out sky it was very blue when they took the picture as well as ugly shadows on people's faces, bad exposure, and highly contrasting, harsh shadows that go through their pictures.

Landscape Mode

As you might have guessed, Landscape mode has been optimized for shooting landscape images (Figure 3.5). Particular emphasis is placed on the picture control, with the camera trying to boost the greens and blues in the image (Figure 3.6). This makes sense, since the typical landscape would be outdoors where grass, trees, and skies should look more colorful. This picture control also boosts the sharpness that is applied during processing. The camera also utilizes the lowest ISO settings possible in order to keep digital noise to a minimum. The downfall to this setting is that, once again, there is little control over the camera settings. The focus mode can be changed but only from AF-A to Manual. Other changeable functions include Image Quality, ISO, and AF-Area. Note that the flash cannot be used while in the Landscape mode. The Landscape mode's info screen. The Landscape mode's info screen. This scene was screaming for Landscape mode. The greens and blues were given more saturation...

Shooting landscapes

Landscape photography is one of the hardest photographic disciplines to get right. As far as the technicalities of camera settings are concerned, though, there isn't too much to the basic technique. To be sure of getting a sharp shot with the whole scene in focus - as with the shot below - you can drop the camera into aperture priority mode and select a small aperture. Remember that a small aperture means a large f-number. In a digital compact, the maximum available will be something around f 5.6 in a digital SLR, f 11 or f 16 are good bets. The added benefit of a small aperture is that most lenses will produce sharper results with less distortion at smaller apertures. Remember that small apertures often mean a slow shutter speed, so the primary weapon in most landscape photographers'armoury is a tripod. The second aspect to remember is that you want to get as much crisp detail as possible, so make sure your camera is set to its lowest ISO setting (see p64). Again, this will tend to...

Nature Photography

There's a lot of overlap among the categories discussed in this chapter. Under the heading of nature photography you can include macro photography, if you're shooting a spider animal photography, should capturing deer strike your fancy and you can include scenics under this umbrella. It's all nature. I included this catchall category because I wanted to show you a few more things that can be done. One popular subject for nature photography is water, particularly waterfalls like the one shown in Figure 7.37. Waterfalls are especially beautiful, because the sparkling water passing over slick, washed rocks into a bubbling pool below can be entrancing. You can shoot most waterfalls from various angles, and using a variety of techniques. The figure shows a technique that has almost become a cliche because it's been used so much, but still is worth trying Another kind of nature photography is close-ups of small creatures like the spider shown in Figure 7.38. You'll need to be careful not to...

Ideas to Keep You Safer

As a nature photographer who has ventured into all sorts of distant and not-so-distant places over the years, I've become more and more aware of safety while out in the field. As an example, I often travel to Michigan's Upper Peninsula for landscape shooting. It's a five-hour drive from southern Michigan to northern Michigan, and it really is different terrain between the two. Carry a cell phone. Whether you're traveling alone or with other people, keep a charged cell phone on your person at all times. If you are venturing to areas without cell coverage, like nature photographers often do, consider purchasing or renting a satellite cell phone. Leave an itinerary. Whether you're traveling alone or with others, always leave your itinerary with loved ones or with the clerk at the hotel at which you're staying. If you travel to national or state parks, check in at the ranger station and let them know where you are planning to hike or drive to. Make sure to check in with them when you...

Finding Locations and Beating the Crowds

One of the great things about being a nature photographer is all of the endless photographic possibilities we have on this Earth of ours. Some of our biggest challenges include picking the spots to photograph, getting there, and knowing the best times to practice our craft. Some of us have more time than others to photograph landscapes, as well as more freedom to travel. Most enthusiasts, however, have day jobs or other responsibilities that restrict their travel and photography opportunities. Don't forget the critters. If you're planning to primarily shoot landscape photos on your venture, consider the wildlife that's present in the region you've chosen to shoot and plan for some wildlife shooting (with a digital camera ) while you're there. As an example, while out shooting in Arches National Park, my group came across deer (see Figure 4.2) while shooting rock formations at sunset. We weren't there for the wildlife, but we enjoyed 15 minutes of casual shooting when the deer wandered...

Using Graphics Tablets

Nature photographers have a tendency to edit fine details in Photoshop. Almost all of us are used to using a mouse to navigate around our computer. You'll find that many professional retouchers (yes, there are pros dedicated to retouching photos ) use finer tools to navigate around fine details of an image. The tool of choice is a graphics tablet.

Clothes on Your Back and Shoes That You Wear

I'm not what you might call a well-dressed man. My typical outfit consists of jeans, black t-shirts, and moccasins, except when shooting nature photos in the field. Depending on the type of shooting I'm doing and the typical weather conditions, I transform my wardrobe to accommodate the conditions at hand. When shooting in the field, you'll need to outfit yourself with appropriate clothing, or your outing can become a miserable experience. Jackets. I'm a big fan of those new-fangled fashion-correct ski jackets by Columbia, Head, Lands' End, and other higher-end sportswear outfitters. They offer jackets with removable layers, perfect for ever-changing outdoor conditions and for the outdoor photographer. If you're out shooting in the winter, pay attention to what skiers wear they know how to keep warm in the extreme elements

Getting Acquainted with Photoshop

Do you ever ponder how photographers are able to produce stunning nature photographs that you only dream you could create with your digital camera You see their work every day in magazines, books, and galleries. Chances are these nature photographers process their photographs using the leading photo-editing software, Photoshop. Sure, some professionals have years of experience using image-editing software, but you would be surprised how much you can improve the quality of your own photographs by performing some basic actions using Photoshop. I'll always preach that the key to creating beautiful nature photographs is first photographing a great image. Of course, you need a good original to begin with. It's just like when we were working in the chemical darkroom we needed a good negative before we even began printing. Once you've taken good photographs with your camera, it's time to get them into Photoshop to finish your works of art. Photoshop provides you with more editing tools than...

Implementing Color Management

We nature photographers can spend a lot of money for the gear we use for our craft. Travel costs to near and faraway vistas can also put a dent in the pocketbook. There's always the latest digital camera to buy, the next lens in our collection, memory cards, gadgets, gizmos, and outfitting gear. Believe it or not, there's something else to help drain your wallet. If you've been doing nature photography and printing on your own for a while, you probably already have discovered that the hardest thing to accomplish in digital photography is managing color. When you think about all the steps involved first shooting an image with particular light in mind, then converting the raw file, then making further adjustments and edits in Photoshop, and then sending the image to a printer it's a miracle that the final print even resembles what you first envisioned Managing color helps you create prints that closely match what the colors should look like, as illustrated in Figure 10.14. 4. Printing....

Calibrating and Profiling Your Display

As nature photographers, everything we do is visualized, and a key component of our visualization is our computer monitor. It's also the only device that stands between the digital camera and your final print displaying your images accurately on your monitor is critical. Properly profiling and calibrating (adjusting) your monitor ensures that what you see is what you're going to get in your final output of the image.

Camera Backpacks and Bags

While traveling, hiking, or just driving to a local park for some nature shots, nature photographers need to haul cameras, lenses, and accessories. We all have camera bags some are suited for the field, and some really aren't. A good camera bag can be the nature photographer's best friend (see Figure 3.7). Like ice cream, digital cameras, and computers, camera bags come in all sort of flavors. You can choose shoulder bags, backpacks, hard cases, and even models that have storage room for a laptop computer. When choosing a camera bag, nature photographers have to take a few things into consideration. Try to take a few criteria into account when choosing a camera bag for your photo excursions. Type of camera bag. Some nature photographers prefer not to carry a camera bag into the field at all. I've seen a lot of photographers leave their camera bags in the car and opt to wear a photo vest instead. They look cool too, but if you're toting more than one digital camera and an assortment of...

Choosing the Best Computer Displays for Working with Photos

CRT monitors offer the nature photographer better resolution, color, quality, and calibration. (You'll read more on calibration in Chapter 10, Setting Up and Getting Around in Photoshop CS2. ) LCDs look great on the desk, but CRTs are still the way to go for overall quality. If you're in the market for a better display for your computer, consider a CRT that is at least 19 inches and has a dot pitch of below 24. Computer displays are all rated by size and dot pitch. The lower the dot pitch (size of pixels), the better the quality.

Computers and Software for Digital Photographers

The rule of thumb when purchasing computers is to buy the biggest and fastest you can afford. For nature photographers, the rule needs to be customized a bit. I still believe you need a big, honking computer for processing your images in Photoshop, but what about when you're out in the field I don't lug around my desktop computer when I travel cross-country on a photo safari I recommend hauling a laptop. Unfortunately, not everyone has the luxury of having both a desktop computer and a laptop, but let's look at the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Creating a File Management System

As a nature photographer out in the field shooting great photos, you'll be eager to get back to your computer so you can mess around with your shots. After downloading your images, you'll be excited to open Bridge, view the images you've just taken, and then process the best of the litter. The next thing you know, you'll have run the nature images through Photoshop, made a few prints, and then moved on to something else, such as cruising the Web to do some shopping for more digital camera gear The downloaded images will then sit in their folders, maybe soon to be forgotten. If you've been using a digital camera for a while now and you take thousands of nature and landscape photos like I do, you've probably noticed how quickly images pile up on your hard drive. Every time you download photos from a memory card to your hard drive, you could be adding hundreds of digital images to an already Plan how to organize and store your images. All photographers have different needs. Make a plan...

Photographing with New Eyes Five Pro Tips for Travel Photography

Originally published in Shutterbug's Outdoor and Nature Photography magazine, Fall 1998. After learning what I wanted to achieve, I read photography books and magazines, such as Shutterbug's Outdoor and Nature Photography, to learn the skills I needed. The final step was to put the skills into practice, by setting up exercises and shooting many rolls of film. As with most skills, practice makes perfect, and practice is the fun part This is a continuous-feedback cycle, and I continue to compare my photos to images I admire.

Shooting Panoramic Images

Panoramas are becoming easier to accomplish because software easily allows digital photographers to stitch together separate photos taken in succession, like the sunset over Lake Huron shown in Figure 4.20. Whenever I'm out in the field shooting landscapes, I make a habit of evaluating my subjects for both individual photos and opportunities for panoramas as well. Whenever possible, I shoot a series of shots to stitch together later on my computer. I'm a fan of Photoshop's Photomerge utility.

Choosing the Right Accessories

Choosing the right accessories for your digital camera is almost as important as choosing the digital camera itself. For nature photographers, there are a number of accessories you should have in your camera bag when going out in the field, in addition to a good supply of bubble gum and aspirin. Nature photographers have different gadget needs than, let's say, a portrait photographer. Nature photographers need a greater zoom range in their lenses, possibly accessory lenses for compacts or prosumer models, tripods, memory cards, batteries, lens cleaning blowers and brushes, and other gadgets most people wouldn't even think of. What's in your bag Nature photographers need to carry all their accessories with them out in the field everything from lenses to batteries. What's in your bag Nature photographers need to carry all their accessories with them out in the field everything from lenses to batteries. Important accessories for the nature photographer include Tripods. The most important...

Composition and Camera Settings for Wildlife Photos

As with landscape photography, I suggest you follow a rigid workflow when you go out in the field to shoot wildlife photos. Most of the rules are going to be the same, but shooting wildlife poses specific situations you need to address. Landscapes don't breathe, run, or get mad when you get near their young. Depending on how serious you are about photographing wildlife in the field, you might want to concentrate on learning patterns of animal behavior, such as birds or deer if they are your primary subjects, and then approach the field with those patterns in mind. 3. Place your digital camera on your tripod. This might be tough to do for some forms of wildlife, such as birds, but your rule of thumb is still to shoot as many wildlife photos as you can on a tripod. Consider investing in a good ball head for your tripod it will allow for more freedom of movement while panning animal movements. As a reminder, always use a sturdy tripod for your nature and landscape photos. Your portfolio...

Capturing Abstract Images

Abstract nature photographs are really a difficult concept for a traditional photographer to grasp. You really have to turn your imagination loose to be able to visualize a nature subject as an abstract, photograph the subject, and then finish the work in Photoshop. It's a new way of thinking while you're shooting, and it can even be a fun exercise for a typical photo outing. Look for portions of a scene that are already abstract. You might be out taking nature photos of a sunrise or sunset. Look for color in portions of the clouds. If you have a long enough zoom, try zooming in on just that portion of the sunrise or sunset. It could be an image you can use later to knock the socks off people you show it to. On the same note, you could be taking photos of reflections of foliage in a river. Again, look for something in the reflection and zoom in on it, like in the example shown in Figure 6.4.

The Right Digital Camera for the

With all the digital camera choices available on the market now, which one is best for the nature photographer To be honest, there really isn't a correct answer. Just like film cameras, digital cameras come in all sorts of flavors, and your personal tastes will dictate a lot of the choices you'll make. There are professionals out there who will only work with high-end professional digital cameras, such as the Canon EOS IDs Mark II with its speed of four frames per second (4 fps) and its full-frame 1 6.7-megapixel sensor, while others are happy with compact digital point and shoot cameras. Other nature photographers, like me, use a number of different digital cameras. I carry into the field my digital SLR and accompanying lenses, plus a compact digital camera. Actually, I like the idea of carrying a compact digital camera everywhere I go. Additionally, a small pocketable compact, such as the Nikon Coolpix 7900 digital camera, gives you the ability to shoot some great macro shots, which...


Equipping your permanent and portable digital darkrooms can get expensive and can drain your funds faster than you can say lawyer or insurance company. You don't need all the bells and whistles at once, but I do recommend you buy the fastest computer you can afford with a writable DVD drive, 1,024 gigabytes of internal memory, and a backup external hard disk to start. With the hundreds or thousands of nature photos you take a year and the computer resources Photoshop requires, you'll be glad you did. Nature photographers have special requirements for shooting than other types of photographers do. We brave the elements and have to travel, hike, swim, fly, and boat to our locations. Often we are out in the field for days or weeks at a time. We have to pack tripods, clothing, camera bags, protective equipment for our cameras and lenses, batteries, filters, cleaning supplies, trail mix, Hostess cupcakes (smile), and water. Not exactly a list of equipment to haul if you're equipping...

Light Is Everything

For all photographers, the most important part and the most difficult part to master is getting the right lighting for landscapes. Portrait photographers get to create the light they use for their subjects with a mix of natural and studio lighting, but nature photographers have to rely on what the particular nature conditions provide. Though it's not possible for the landscape photographer to control light, it is possible to arrive at scenes when you know the light might be optimal. If I'm out shooting landscapes, I pay particular attention to the clouds and how the light is reflecting off my subject. I especially like partly cloudy conditions in the middle of the day because shadows are cast on my subjects while streams of light break through, like in the landscape shown in Figure 4.6. When the clouds are rolling over, be patient and wait for the light that's illuminating your subject to change you'll be pleased with the results. When the weather gets rough, I also point my lens...

Best Sellers

From the Outdoor Photography bookshelf. The Art of Outdoor Photography Techniques for the Advanced Amateur and Professional. From the Outdoor Photography bookshelf. John Shaw's Landscape Photography 1994. From the Selling Your Work, Nature Photography and John Shaw bookshelves. From the Night and Low-Light Photography and Outdoor Photography bookshelves. John Shaw's Business of Nature Photography A Professional's Guide to Marketing and Managing a Successful Nature Photography Business John Shaw. From the Nature Photography, Selling Your Work and John Shaw bookshelves.

Its All in the Head

Basically, there are two types of tripod heads nature photographers prefer Figure 3.4 The Manfrotto 3030 pan and tilt tripod head is a very sturdy model that will serve most nature photographers' needs. Figure 3.4 The Manfrotto 3030 pan and tilt tripod head is a very sturdy model that will serve most nature photographers' needs. Ball heads. I've had other nature photographers bug me because I'd often travel with only a pan and tilt head attached to my tripod. Finally, on a recent trip, I tried a ball head. I immediately fell in love with its versatility, and I can see why users of ball heads brag. They are fun to use and give you better flexibility for shooting wildlife or scenes where you have to point your lens high, toward the sky. Figure 3.5 shows the Manfrotto 484 Ball Head, like the one I've used in the field. Figure 3.5 The Manfrotto 484 ball head is a popular model among nature photographers. Figure 3.5 The Manfrotto 484 ball head is a popular model among nature photographers.


Bob Krist photographed the New York Times-bestseller In Tuscany with Frances Mayes, as well as six other coffeetbable books, including A Photo Tour of New York and Impressions of Bucks County. He shoots regularly on assignment for National Geographic Traveler, Smithsonian and Islands magazines and is a columnist for Outdoor Photographer. A former professional actor, Bob hosts 3Naturexs Best Photography2 on the Outdoor Life Network and 3Photography CloseUp2 on Cablevision MagRack series. He lives in New Hope, Pennsylvania, near Philadelphia.

Auxiliary Storage

I've found that an external hard disk drive is a necessity for nature photographers. We tend to shoot many more photos than other types of photographers, and often we take tens, if not hundreds, of photos in one location. Today's digital cameras can capture anywhere from 8- to 1 6.7-megapixel images that translate into large files of 6 to 17 megabytes each It won't take long to fill up a 1 60-gigabyte hard disk with files of that size. My laptop is equipped with a 100-gigabyte hard disk, and I use external hard disks of 1 60 to 300 megabytes to perform daily backups and to use as my near-online storage of my image libraries.

The Excitement Over Digital Photography

Digital photography is generating excitement in the world of nature photography unlike anything else in my long career. I have always cared dearly about obtaining quality images. As a result, I missed the early stages of the digital revolution because it didn't make any sense to buy cameras that were far more expensive than top of the line film cameras, only to get inferior results. But, by 2003, the best digital cameras were coming close to the quality offered by the best slide films. Perhaps they weren't quite as good as Fuji Velvia 50 slide film, but digital capture was excellent and becoming widely accepted by photo buyers. When the 16.7-megapixel Canon 1Ds Mark II became available a year later, digital capture was at least as good as slide film and more fun too. The new tools offered by digital such as being able to change the ISO from one shot to the next, changing white balance to match the light conditions, and shooting panoramics and stitching the images together with...

Capturing Photos In The Field

Of course, the histogram only helps if you can repeat the shot. Fortunately, in nature photography, this is often the case except for photographing birds and other wildlife. Unfortunately, even the sophisticated exposure measurement of today's cameras is often not good enough to get a perfect exposure every time. Many photographers are very in good exposure metering but watching for the histogram gives much even more control. If you have an overexposure, you can dial in an EV (exposure) compensation and repeat the shot. You should continuously watch the histogram. Some cameras allow the display of the histogram automatically after very shot (highly recommended).

Handle Your Equipment

Becoming at ease with handling camera equipment is easier for some than others. Here's one observation I have made teaching field workshops. Of the three professions, medical doctors, lawyers, and dentists, what profession tends to be more adept at taking excellent nature photographs and which one tends to lag behind Dentists tend to excel at nature photography. Medical doctors tend to be somewhat less skillful and lawyers come in a distant third. I don't mean all dentists are excellent nature photographers and all lawyers are average because I know some dentists who are average while I know a couple lawyers who are superb. But, as a group, 100 dentists will easily produce better images than 100 lawyers if they are picked at random and provided the same equipment and opportunities. they don't use a lot of small tools at work. Becoming a successful nature photographer requires skills for handling lenses, filters, the buttons and dials on cameras, and flashes efficiently. These small...

Why Infrared Ir Photography

IR photography opens up a new visual dimension for the photographer, a somewhat 'different' way of looking at the world around us. The spectrum of light is much wider than what the human eye can capture and, until CCD sensors became affordable to the general public, the only way to capture infrared radiation was to use special film, indeed sensitive to this part of the spectrum. Many are the applications of IR photography, from criminology to photomicrography and celestial photography. We shall focus here on landscape photography, but the reader interested in experimenting in other fields should be well aware that what is discussed here is the classical tip of the iceberg. infra-red to landscape photography is to enlarge the photograph and tone the enlargement blue. If properly composed and toned the photograph will then show white clouds against a deep blue sky, white trees and grass, and various gray tones for buildings and pavements. The addition of oil coloring to the trees and...

Attend Instructional Photography Programs

Participating in a nature photography tour of South Florida that emphasizes birds will give you the opportunity to photograph many unusual species at close range such as this Double-crested Cormorant. This is an excellent value, especially if you consider that a seminar can save you a lot of money and wasted time by showing you what works best to shoot the images you want. Since a large audience is needed to make a seminar financially viable, seminars are typically conducted in the largest cities. To find out about upcoming seminars in your area, check for ads in the largest circulation photography magazines in your country. For example, any issue of Outdoor Photographer or Popular Photography is certain to advertise many seminars conducted in the US. Although you won't be shooting photos at a seminar, it is an excellent way to learn new photo techniques at a very reasonable cost. Be sure to match the seminar with your interests. A seminar on wedding photography won't be that useful...

Clipping in Individual Color Channels

A color histogram only helps if you are in a position to re-shoot your image using different exposure values. This is often possible for nature photos (with the exception of birds or other animals). Unfortunately, even the most sophisticated automatic exposure systems cannot guarantee optimum exposures. Histograms offer a more reliable way to judge exposure, even for experienced old-school photographers who are used to using light meters. You can compensate for overexposure by adjusting your exposure value (EV) setting and repeating your shot. You should always keep an eye on the histogram, and we strongly recommend that you set your camera to display a histogram automatically after each exposure.

Authors Acknowledgments

First, cheers to Nicole Sholly and Teresa Artman, who guided the progress of this book and offered dozens of solutions and ideas in its development. To them, a heartfelt thanks. Thanks also to Robert Stone for his patience teaching me the ins and outs of landscape photography in Paris and Vietnam Robert Jones of Insightful Solutions for guidance for Internet and Web site photography Roger Vail for his wonderful nighttime carnival photography the expertise of sports photographer Drew Brashler and Rich Glass and infrared photographer, Robert Contreras ( who helped widen the book's focus. Also of assistance were the Borgan, Taylor, and Bodon families whose ideas, photos, and patience modeling for dozens of shots made the process not work but fun. I can't forget the valuable assistance in shooting provided by Dr. Suellen Evavold, Trixie Mauleon, and Kelly Lewis and son, Chase. And keeping me on track, offering aesthetic advice on hundreds of photos as they...

Philosophy Of Photography

Atthattime, in 1989, there was noclassoreven mention of a career in landscape photography. My father and grandfather had made it work, and there were a handful of others. However, the topic was not included in any discussions or curriculum. Some ofthe career areas for photographers were fashion, architecture, medicine, journalism, or working in a studio for Hallmark. Jim's philosophy gave me the courage to pursue what I loved, landscape photography, in my own way. If landscape photography consists of no more than found compositions with great lighting, due to the perseverance of the photographer, how can a viewer tell the difference between one photographer's work and another's I believe an original image is the product of a recipe containing the subject, composition, light, and most importantly, the photographer. There is more to it than just composition and light. I know it's possibleto be fulfilled bytakinga series of landscape images with no objective other than capturing a very...

David Clapp Reveals How He Caught The Moment A Thrill Seeker Came Face To Face With The Danger Of The Atlantic

IN early March 2008, a weather system was building and travelling south-east across the Atlantic from the Canadian coastline. Initial forecasts were predicting a continuing easterly direction, yet many of these weather fronts weaken significantly by the time they reach our shores. As I live near the coast, my online weather checks always include a variety of surfing websites. This is important information for landscape photographers, as they provide detailed predictions of wave and wind data that extend for many days ahead.

Reveals How He Coped With Dull And Then Harsh Light Conditions To Get The Perfect Exposure Of Beech Trees In A Bright

In my quest for striking imagery, I am always inspired by simplicity. Although 'lone tree' syndrome is becoming a little questionable and somewhat rife in landscape photography, trees make very As landscape photographers, we are always looking for critical sharpness from foreground to infinity, yet the eye never sees the world in this two-dimensional way.

A trusty walking stick is helpful for fording streams and navigating slippery trails But why not use it to steady your

In the wide world of walking sticks, there are basically two types the ones you buy and the ones you make. Either version can become a steadying friend for your outdoor photography. Leki (http is a popular supplier of trekking poles that range from US 50 to over US 100. Outdoor photographers should take a look at the Sierra Antishock (model TK2091-04), which has a removable wooden knob that exposes a camera mount, as shown in Figure 1-3.

Fast Courier Mail Order

Ted Leeming and Morag Paterson's landscape images are a bit like trying beer for the first time it's strange at first, but once you've acquired the taste you begin to understand what all the fuss is about. Leeming and Paterson work in abstracts to explore the subtleties in colour and contrast in nature that contribute to an area's atmosphere. This latest body of work includes a combination of new and previously exhibited landscape images taken throughout Scotland that capture the country's texture, light, weather, seasons and movement. The husband-and-wife team described the in-camera techniques they used in an interview in AP 6 September 2008. To see them large is a visual treat Jeff Meyer As more people take up photography, you've got to think creatively if you want to stand out from the crowd. Irish landscape photographer Peter Cox's well-designed website is a fine example of how to make the most of every aspect of your image-making. Images aside, there are plenty of other useful...

Accepts a Cable Release

Why do you need a remote release when your camera already has a self-timer since both the self-timer and the remote release separate your body from the camera If you are photographing a waterfall, both systems work equally well. However, wind is a huge problem for nature photographers. If you are photographing a wildflower blossom that is swaying to and fro in the breeze, you must wait for a calm period so you can fire the camera when it is perfectly still. This is a time when using the self-timer is not effective because there is no way to know if the subject will be completely still a few seconds later when the camera fires. By using a remote release, you can take the image as soon as the subject stops swaying in the breeze. It's much easier to shoot a sharp image with a cable or remote release when dealing with motion caused by wind. Here's another situation where the remote release works better than the self-timer.

The motivation for mountain photography can fall into three main categories

In outdoor photography, having the right equipment on hand is even more important since we invest so much time and effort in reaching the places we intend to photograph, we usually only have one chance to make the right image, and we need to be able to rely completely on our gear. Miss a shot the first time, and it's lost forever. If you make poor equipment decisions, you will have no way of photographing the wonderful scene that took you so much effort to find. On unsupported remote trips, every small detail will matter. Forgetting the extra battery might not be a big deal for a day of shooting in a big city, but it will become one if you are three days away from the closest power outlet

Specialist shooting modes

Brightly lit, lightly colored subjects often fool your camera, resulting in dark muddy images. This mode rectifies this problem by adjusting the camera so that light tones in beach and snow scenes are recorded correctly (see Figure 8.16). Landscape. Designed to enhance the color and detail of distant scenes, this mode is great for making landscape pictures. With this setting the flash is turned off automatically and the camera's focusing system is locked at the most distant setting (see Figure 8.17). Sunset. Designed to preserve the strong colors often found in sunsets, this mode automatically turns off the flash for the camera. This means that foreground objects appear silhouetted against the sunset sky. Use a tripod or hold your camera very still to stop camera shake when using this mode (see Figure 8.18). Night Landscape. As a slow shutter speed is in this mode to capture the dimly lit tones of a night landscape, a tripod is recommended when shooting with this setting....

The Last Constantaperture

Light falloff was gone by f 4 at all tested focal lengths, also an above-average performance. (Most wide-angle zooms show vignetting at f 4, even f 6.3, especially at their widest zoom settings.) And, for a non-macro, the 17-55mm delivers a very satisfying 1 4.1 maximum magnification ratio (at 55mm), with a tight 14.2-inch close-focusing distance for all focal lengths. CONCLUSION The most optically capable and physically rugged wide-to-short tele range zoom for Nikon DLSRs, this one is large, heavy, and unquestionably expensive. If there's a chance you'll trade up to a full-frame DSLR or migrate back to 35mm, better pass. For other Nikon DSLR shooters (who can afford it), this sharp, fast, (almost) distortion-free lens, with its ideal zoom spread for people and outdoor photography, will be hard to resist.

Wo Rds Matt Golowczynski Picture Tom Mackie

Browsing through Tom Mackie's exhaustive stock library of images, it's hard not to feel a little envious. Whereas most people's landscape images may feature a nearby stretch of British coastline, or a holiday snap of which they're particularly proud, Tom's work has seen him shooting everything from the mountainous ranges of California's Death Valley to idyllic Maldivian beaches, as well as a variety of architecture and nature from around the world. It was during this time that Tom got his first taste of the kind of work that would define his career, after sparking up a friendship with a client. 'We had a guy who would come to one of the labs I worked at, and he made these incredible large Cibachrome prints. I rang him up to see if I could talk to him about his work, and we spoke about landscape photography and shooting large format. At that point I was using my large format camera for studio work, as well as medium format and 35mm, while he was using a field camera for his landscapes....

Charlie Waite Photo Trip

WDC and Amateur Photographer have teamed up with renowned landscape photographer Charlie Waite to offer an exclusive tour of the Lake District. The tour, hosted by both Charlie Waite and APs Editor, Damien Demolder, takes place between the 8th and 11th November, and will be limited to just 14 photographers for maximum tuition time. During the trip you'll stay on the banks of Lake Ullswater, while being transported around the Lakes in a private mini-bus. What's more, if you book before 30th September you'll save 65 on the price of the trip. For more information and to book your place, visit

Second for the scenic shooter

The forte of 1 125 second may well be landscape photography on bright days. You see these pictures everywhere those great postcard scenes you find at souvenir shops from the beaches at Waikiki to the Grand Canyon to Mount Katahdin in Maine. Calendars and travel books feature national parks and vistas of scenic byways. What do all those pictures have in common Total photo sharpness. From foreground to background, everything is sharp. And how do you achieve such sharpness Use a small aperture, such as f 16 or f 22, to create extensive depth of field. (Using a wide-angle lens, too, can help you achieve more depth of field). On a bright day, the companion aperture for 1 125 second will almost certainly be f 16 or f 22. But let the clouds roll in or the sun slip below the horizon and you may need a boost from a higher ISO setting to keep a good exposure at 1 125 second. A shutter speed of 1 125 second excels for sunny day landscape photos because you can use a small aperture such as f 16...

Black and white and colour infrared films

Figure 5.30 A landscape photographed (left) on regular Ektachrome film and (right) on infrared Ektachrome through a No. 12 yellow filter. Living vegetation produces magenta. Infrared colour film was designed for aerial photography, detecting camouflage from its living foliage surroundings and healthy forestry from diseased species. It is used also for medical applications. In general editorial and fashion illustration, this bizarre film is best used like a fisheye lens - with great restraint. You will produce most striking results by shooting landscapes in direct sunlight during spring (fresh growth contains most abundant chlorophyll, which reflects infrared). For different false colour effects try changing the deep-yellow filter for other strong filters, (see Figure 5.31). Focus the camera lens normally, because despite its infrared response the film still uses predominantly visible wavelengths. Infrared Ektachrome is processed in standard E-6 chemicals.

Problem Situations for Autoexposure

When using a tripod to shoot landscapes and closeups, your eye isn't normally peering through the cameras viewfinder. This means light can enter the viewfinder which could make it impossible to get a good exposure. This problem commonly occurs when you are using a device that cost you light such as a polarizing filter, macro lens focused at high magnification, extension tube, or teleconverter. If the viewfinder is pointed at a bright source of light such as the sun or bright sky, you may have a serious underexposure problem when using any automatic exposure mode. Using the exposure compensation dial won't help either. In this situation, light enters the viewfinder and the meter measures it along with light coming through the lens.

Chasing The Light

Truly amazing light does not need to be manufactured, but simply caught When it's good, it can be really good, with rays shooting out from bands of clouds like light sabers and hues of the color wheel that are completely out of any printable gamut reflecting on trees, rocks and mountains, adding additional texture and complexity to an already beautiful scene. In landscape photography, I call unusual moments like this light shows. I am convinced these light shows occur more often than we think, so the question becomes are we motivated enough to find them Why is this important If you place a person who has reached a threshold of technical skills in the middle of a decent location with great light, he is bound to get a great shot. This is inevitable because he has just enough technical skills and can identify great light. With this in mind, a big percentage of the pursuit of landscape photography is being able to predict when the potential is highest for great light and how best to place...

Focal Length The Wider the Better

Galen Rowell usually shot with 35mm film cameras, and often he would use a 24mm wide-angle lens for this type of landscape image. For this hack, I recommend you find a digital lens that provides a film-camera equivalent of a 28mm lens. You can go wider if you want (such as 24mm), but as you'll see, that's easier said than done in the digital world.

David Clapp Explains The Importance Of Hanging Around After Sunset Until You Can See No More

The reason landscape photography is so compelling is the chance of the sky dealing you an ace hand. Whether it's a cotton wool afternoon or the burn of evening afterglow, it is the likelihood that fuels our creative fires and imaginations. Yet reading the clouds takes a little practice. The clouds on this occasion were all at very high altitude, but often they are made up of several layers. High-level cirrus can be present at the same time as cumulous, for instance, so the sun can sequentially light up clouds at differing altitudes.

Create beautiful work

A gobo is a device, usually black, that is used to block light. In outdoor photography, this can be used over the subject's head to block direct, overhead sunlight and prevent undereye shadows. On a cloudy day when the the light is very flat, a gobo can be used to produce the shadows needed to create the appearance of a third dimension in your images.

Tripods and Tripod Heads

If you want to improve the technical quality of your photographs, the very first step is to buy a well-made tripod and use it every time you take a picture. Without any doubt, a tripod is the most important photographic accessory. Professional nature photographers shoot every frame possible with their cameras llrmly mounted on a tripod. A good tripod is so essential to successful Held photography that I'm tempted to call it a necessity rather than an accessory. evaluate your photographic technique by looking at a print, unless you are an accomplished color darkroom worker who did all the work yourself. Prints are most often made by machines that compensate for any variations from normal, but who is to say that the machine was calibrated or performing correctly Is your print out of focus and off-color because of something you did, or because of something the machine did Stick with slide film to learn about photography, then shoot negative film if you wish. You should also know that...

The New Infrared Revoluti

Photographer Rucl Tafalla, whose pagoda shot opens this article, notes that this transformative power has its pragmatic side. In normal landscape photography, I'm limited to shooting from sunrise to 9 a.m., and from 4 p.m. to sunset, to catch the good light, he says. But with infrared, I can shoot as long as the sun is there the more harsh the light, the better the image.

Iso Shooting Strategies

Using a 500 mm lens to photograph wildlife is a good time to choose a higher ISO. Long lenses magnify the animal as well as any camera movement that happens when you shoot. High shutter speeds reduce this problem so many nature photographers routinely use ISO 200 when using long lenses, even in fairly bright light. In really dim light on a cloudy day or very early or late in the day, using ISO 400 or even ISO 800 may be necessary to reach fast enough shutter speeds to shoot sharp images. While you may see some noise at the higher ISO settings, it still is better to get sharp images with some noise artifacts than fuzzy images using the native ISO with no noise problems.

Low Light Photography Pushing at the Limits

Lewis Kemper, the fine art nature photographer (, prefers to shoot in low light, especially when the shadows are long or the skies glowering. In such conditions, he has to use long exposures (slow shutter speeds) on a very steady tripod if he wants to maintain a good depth of

Grouping thumbnails into stacks

Examples many landscape photographers often capture a sequence of photos, all with the same composition, with only the light in the scene changing over time. Portrait photographers might have a series of shots that all have very minor differences in the pose of the subject.

But how does this impact on my daytoday shooting

For instance, a landscape photographer may add contrast, boost saturation and manually adjust the white balance setting of his or her camera when confronted with a misty valley shot early in the morning. In contrast, an avid travel photographer may choose to reduce contrast

Quality and Direction of Light

Equally as important as the quantity of light, and more so for the aesthetic value of an image, are its quality and direction. Quality can be described as soft or harsh, diffuse or direct, warm or cold, and so on. Environmental portrait and nature photographers say the best times of day to photograph are early morning and late afternoon when the light is warmer and softer they're right.You will not always be lucky enough to have optimum light quality while shooting sports unless you are working with athletes in outdoor settings such as snow skiing or surfers at sunset but you can take advantage of the quality of light by being aware of it.


Take your camera outside for some landscape and macro work. First, find a nice scene and then, with your widest available lens, take some pictures using Landscape mode and then switch back to Full Auto so that you can compare the settings used for each image as well as the changes to colors and sharpness. Now, while you are still outside, find something in the foreground a leaf or a flower and switch the camera to Close-up mode. See how close you can get and take note of the f-stop that the mode uses. Then switch to Full Auto and shoot the same subject.

What the Layers Palette Looks Like for All Stages

I thought you might find it helpful to see how a fairly typical landscape image's Layers palette might look after a complete run at the nondestructive editing workflow, which, in the end, is what this book is all about. You can also download a lower-resolution, copyrighted version of this image that is still in Photoshop format so you can experiment with turning the layers on and off, restacking them, and so forth. In Figure 5-1, the untouched image is on the left. The a finished version of the image is on the right. In Figure 5-2, you see the Layers palette as it was when the finished image was complete.

Medium Telephoto Lenses

Portraits because they offer extra working distance and the smaller angle of view makes it easier to isolate the subject from the background. They work well for landscapes and wildflowers. Most nature photographers don't own prime lenses in this range anymore because so many quality zoom lenses cover this range and more. These focal lengths are important to have, but we cover it with 70-200 mm zoom lenses. There are many zoom lens choices that cover this range so take your pick. Some zooms such as the 28-300 mm lens cover an extremely wide range of focal lengths. While it is appealing to cover so many focal lengths with one lens, you are out of luck if the lens malfunctions. If you go on expensive photo trips, it is wise to have a couple lenses with overlapping focal lengths so you can keeping shooting should problems arise.

Super Telephoto Lenses

These huge and expensive prime lenses are used by most professional and serious amateur nature photographers. Super tele-photo lenses begin at 400 mm and go up from there. These lenses gather lots of light with speeds of f 4 and sometimes f 2.8. The fast lens speed helps you shoot sharp images because it is easier to use fast shutter speeds in the 1 250 to 1 500-second range. Due to the large aperture at f 4, these lenses are terrific in dim light too. Super telephoto lenses greatly magnify the subject and provide plenty of working distance which is especially critical in wildlife photography. Working distance is the distance between the front of the lens and the subject. The more working distance you have between you and the animal, the less chance of frightening it.

Cow Creek Morning Don Keller

Death Valley, California is the lowest, hottest, and driest location in all of North America. So, Cleveland Photographer Don Keller was a witness to an exceptionally uncommon sight-flooding in the valley, a 3,000 square mile expanse bounded by the Amargosa mountain range on the east and the Panamint Range on the west with the Sylvania Mountains and the Owlshead Mountains forming the northern and southern boundaries. Keller's Cow Creek Morning is an eye-catching pastiche of oranges and blues, wet sand, and majestic peaks in the background. For a landscape photograph, you couldn't ask for a more compelling palette of textures. as well as advertising photographer who bases a lot of his commercial photography on landscape images, while selling many fine-art landscapes, as well. Arriving a couple days early for the seminar, Keller was on his own when he discovered that he'd been treated to what he understands is a rare phenomenon.

Slowing down and saving money

If you move up to a format larger than 35mm, you are likely to work more slowly, and to shoot fewer pictures, which costs less. Admittedly there are times when this is not an appropriate approach most kinds of sports and action photography, quite a lot of reportage, and some kinds of nature photography, where you know that you will only use a fraction of the pictures you actually shoot. But there are many other types of photography where you can get much better pictures by taking your lime, checking different viewpoints, composing with the utmost precision, and metering and exposing very carefully architecture, landscape, still life, some kinds of portraiture. . . . A great deal depends on the subjects you want to shoot, and how you want to shoot them.

Special Lenses Tiltshift lenses

Nikon makes an 85 mm perspective control lens too. These are expensive lenses in the 1000 range, but they offer benefits to the nature photographer that are important. These lenses are made so they can actually bend in the middle (tilt) and also shift position relative to the sensor. All of these lenses can tilt and shift which are two separate lens movements that solve different problems. One small drawback to these lenses (besides the price) is they do not autofocus. I own Canons 45 mm and 90 mm tilt shift lenses because the tilt feature is enormously useful in nature photography. Suppose you want to photograph a gorgeous field of sunflowers. If you are shooting at a 45-degree angle to the plane of the sunflowers in the field, you'll have trouble getting all of them sharp at f 22. Even if stopping down all the way to f 22 does provide adequate depth of field to cover all of the sunflowers, it forces you to use a fairly slow shutter speed. This makes it impossible...

Manual Versus Autofocusing

There are situations when you can try to manually focus with a dSLR. If you are shooting landscapes and your focal point is far away, set the focus to manual, and turn the lens to infinity. In quickly developing situations such as street photography, set your f-number to f 8 and manually focus on infinity. This creates a situation where you don't have to constantly worry about focus because the depth of field is so large everything you shoot at these distances should be in focus.

Sharp And In Focus Using Tripods

Many features of the 7D will help you create amazing images, but you'll quickly discover that there is another piece of equipment that's crucial when photographing landscapes the tripod. Tripods are critical to your landscape work for a couple of reasons. The first relates to the time of day you will be shooting. To get the best light in your images, you will be shooting at sunrise or sunset, when it's rather dark. When shooting in a dark environment, you need to increase the exposure time, which will result in a slow shutter speed too slow for handheld photography. The second reason is that when you are shooting landscapes, you usually want the entire field of view to be in focus (for greater depth of field). In order to achieve this, you will be shooting at very small apertures, which will require you to compensate with a longer, slower shutter speed. Let's quickly review why using a tripod is so important when you have a slow shutter speed. As you already know, the physical shutter...

Istockphotoduncan Walker

If it's storming, there's a good chance that right after the rain stops, and the clouds break, and the sun peeks through, there's a very dramatic shot coming. It may only last a couple of minutes, and it will either start storming again or clear up and just get really sunny (an outdoor photographer's enemy), so be ready for those few magical moments between storms. They're worth waiting for.

Split Density and Graduated Filters

The most common usage is to darken the sky in landscape photos shot in horizontal format (which would otherwise be overexposed) and allow the foreground area of the scene to be exposed normally. Because the filter can be rotated, you can use it for this purpose when shooting vertical landscape photos, or, simply to darken the left, right, or bottom of an image when taking pictures in any orientation. Figure 3.12 shows a cornfield scene with an overexposed sky (top), with the lower version showing the same field with a graduated neutral density filter used to darken the upper half. Choose your strength. Some vendors offer graduated split ND filters in various strengths, so you can choose the amount of darkening you want to apply. This capability can be helpful, especially when shooting landscapes, because some skies are simply brighter than others. Use an ND2 or ND4 (or 0.3 or 0.6) filter for most applications.

Istockphotofred De Groot

Besides just keeping us here on earth, the atmosphere (low-hanging clouds or fog) can make for some really interesting landscape photos (we're talking soft, diffused light heaven). In fact, some of my personal favorite shots are taken when the fog rolls in between mountains (but of course, you need to shoot this from above the fog on a higher mountaintop). I've shot horses on the beach with the fog rolling in and it creates almost a Hollywood fantasy effect that looks great on film (digital film, anyway). Also, beams of light in the forest, beaming through moisture in the air, or through thick fog, can be just amazing. Get up early (or miss dinner) to make the most of these atmospheric effects.

Selecting A White Balance And Picture Style

Just because there is a correct white balance for each scene doesn't necessarily mean that you need to stick with that setting. Try experimenting with different white balance settings to give your landscape images new looks. Changing the white balance in an image can even give the feel of photographing a landscape at different times of day (Figures 5.8 and 5.9).

Controlled Situations Only

Remember that a custom profile for a digital camera is only accurate If the lighting conditions remain consistent.That means that a custom profile is most helpful when you are in full control of the lighting, as with studio photography. For outdoor photography, camera profiles simply aren't very reliable, because the lighting can change very quickly. Just having a cloud move in front of the sun during a shoot will make your profile less accurate. For photographers who do most of their work outdoors, other options such as using a custom white balance or capturing in RAW mode provide a more practical solution.

Nature Preserves and Wildlife Sanctuaries

There are many wildlife sanctuaries and preserves across the United States. These sites offer a safe haven for wildlife and a resource for animal lovers and nature photographers, not to mention offering the opportunity to photograph animals you wouldn't otherwise see. See Figure 10-8 for just such an animal.

Another form of nature preserve Your backyard

Sometimes you don't even have to leave your own property to find nature photography opportunities. Suburban backyards support a reasonable amount of wildlife on their own. Sometimes the answer to your nature photography dilemma is to get your camera close to your subject while you still keep your distance. This solution is effective, but calls for an investment in assorted accessories to make it possible.

UV and skylight filters

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation present in the spectrum of light is invisible to human vision but adds to the overall exposure of the image. It is most noticeable with landscape images taken at high altitude and seascapes. To ensure the problem is eliminated, UV filters can be attached to all lenses used on location. If the optical quality of the filter is good the filters may be left permanently attached to the lenses. The added benefit of this practice is the front lens element of each lens will be protected from scratching.

Technical Considerations

Razor sharp depth of field from foreground to background is a prime concern for landscape photographers. Sharp focus helps show the beauty of the land and lets the eye drink in all the details of a scene. Landscape photographers often focus on a particular lens's hyper-focal distance. Hyper-focal distance is an optimum focusing point determined by the focal length of the lens you're using, the f-stop the lens is set to, and the size of the digital sensor your camera uses. If you're using a point-and-shoot camera, your options are limited. Pick your camera's landscape mode because this setting is designed to maximize depth of field. Identify the foreground point you'd like to have in sharp focus and the background scene you also want rendered sharply. Focus the lens at a point about one third of the way past the foreground point. If your lens opening is small enough (a high f-stop number), you should have enough depth of field to bring both foreground and background into focus.

Muay Thai Chan Kwok Hung

Chan Kwok Hung Buffalo Race

CI di i, wl io woi i ll ie Actioi i cdlegot y ii i the amateur competition and went on to win the overall amateur title, bought his first DSLR camcra in 2006. Learning basic photography skills from books and the internet, Cnan started photographing landscapes and night scenes, and was also interested in travel photography.

Approach and organization

Landscape photography looks deceptively easy. After all, the subjects themselves are largely unchanging and always there. Yet your total experience of a landscape includes space, distance, air movement, sounds and smells - you look around you and notice the changing juxtapositions of elements near and far as you walk. These things are difficult to sum up within one still photograph, unless in some way you can isolate just a part which will encapsulate the character of the whole scene. Perhaps this means a low viewpoint, wide-angle shot which exaggerates jagged foreground rocks and, through differences of scale, emphasizes the depth and distance between them and distant, brooding mountains. Figure 9.5 The mood of the landscape changes with the time of the day. Try to shoot landscapes at different times and seasons. Figure 9.5 The mood of the landscape changes with the time of the day. Try to shoot landscapes at different times and seasons.

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