Controlling shutter speed

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How do you get your camera to use a short shutter speed to stop action? You might have to check your camera's instruction manual to find the exact controls, but here are the options you should look for:

1 Shutter priority mode: In shutter priority mode, you can choose the exact shutter speed you want to use (such as 1/500 or 1/1000 of a second), and the camera's automatic exposure control will choose the f-stop lens setting appropriate for that shutter speed. Keep in mind that depending on the lighting conditions, you might not be able to use the very shortest shutter speeds at all. In dim light, for example, your camera might not be able to take a photo at any shutter speed shorter than 1/250 or 1/125 of a second because there simply isn't enough light.

1 Manual shutter speed/exposure settings:

On some cameras, you can set both shutter speed and f-stop manually. If you can do that, it's up to you to interpret your camera's light meter to provide the correct combination of shutter speed and f-stop for a proper exposure.

♦ Accessory flash: As light levels drop, an accessory flash's quick burst of light can freeze action that a slow shutter speed might not. Whether you can use flash tends to depend on the particular sport you're shooting. I've never had any problems shooting football or basketball with a flash unit. Athletes such as tennis players tend to be more sensitive to flash photography, so I plan accordingly. When in doubt, check with the event organizer to see whether they have a specific policy or watch what other photographers are doing. Many times, if you're setting your flash for fill lighting rather than as your main light source, the burst of light is brief enough and low enough in intensity that the light won't be a problem. Keep in mind that you have to be within the effective range of your flash's output capability for it to do any good.

Short-duration shutter speeds can often be the key to stopping action. The brief time that the shutter is open registers only an instant of motion. Longer shutter Book speeds give your subject time to move farther or make more movements while Chapter 5 the image is being recorded, which results in blurred photographs.

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