Barely Surviving 127

The old 127 format also known as BS1, No 27, A3 and VR from 'Vest Pocket) is a miniature version of 120, just 46mm wide. Like 120. it is paper-backed, and like 120, it supports 8-on (645 nominal), 12-on (4x4cm nominal) and 16-ort (3x4cm nominal) formats. Availability of monochrome is limited color is rare, and may cease to be available altogether. Most professional MF cameras, though far from all, offer interchangeable roll-film backs, and there are numerous backs hat can be fitted onto 4x5in...

Hasselblad

Widely regarded as the ultimate 6x6cm SLR, not least because of its Zeiss lenses, the basic Hasselblad design is relatively little changed from the 500C (Compur shutter) in 1957. The first Hasselblad SLR, the 1600F (focal-pane shutter), appeared in 1948 the later 1000F was more reliable. As well as the C-series, there are also current models with focal-plane shutters, and various levels of metering. All are 6x6cm only, though 645 and Polaroid backs are available. Older 500C series cameras...

The small formats 645 and 66x44

From the same session as the picture on page 41, this shot by Marie Muscat-King errphasizes the way in which the most technically advanced 645 cameras are very much super 35mm in concept -though like us, she preferred to switch off the autofocus, and focus manually. 210MM SONNAR, ILFORD HP5 PLUS, PRINTED ON ILFORD MULT GRADE WARMTONE, PARTIALLY SEPIA TONED IN SULPHIDE. From the same session as the picture on page 41, this shot by Marie Muscat-King errphasizes the way in which the most...

Bronica

The 6x6cm Bronicas (SQ-Ai and SQ-B) are the backbone of the system, and are excellent workmanlike cameras. Bronica's devotion to the cuboid shape goes way back to the late 1950s, with 6x6cm camera. They currently make 645, 6x6cm and 6x7cm models, all with focal-plane shutters and fully interchangeable backs, including Polaroid. The 67 is particularly compact, but requires a prism if it is to be tipped on its side. ightly old-fashioned in their absence of automation, they are widely used by both...

The Lost Cause 70mm

The 70mm format is like giant 35mm, with perforations down the sides, and it is loaded in giant cassettes (page 136) - though cassette-to-cassette loading, rather than rewinding, is the norm. The standard load is 15ft (4.6m) which gives rather over 50 exposures in the 6x7cm format. Again, backs tend to be very modestly priced on the used market. Very few emulsions are available in this format, but those that are coated are excellent. Most are to special order only, with the exception of a few...

Large Format

Hasselblad Dark Slide Holder

The popular perception is that large format cameras are big, expensive and complicated. Well, one out of three isn't too bad. Most of them are indeed fairly big and heavy, though our lightest full-featured 4x5in monorail actually weighs less than some of the current generation of big 35mm auto-everything SLRs. As for expense, not many new 4x5in cameras cost as much as a top-of-the-line Nikon or Canon 35mm most are in the same class as a medium-to-good 35mm SLR and a few are comparable in price...

Tripod or handheld

Although a tripod is essential for maximum possible sharpness in both MF and LF (and for 35mm, for that matter), it is perfectly possible for most people to shoot both MF and LF hand-held, provided they choose the right cameras. The p-essmen of old used to hold 'Ao second, second, S4 second and even a full second this way. A useful trick for close-ups is to tie a piece of string to the front of the camera, with a clothespin at the far end at whatever your chosen, focused distance is. Clip the...

Rollfilm backs

Gandolfi Variant Camera Movements

This home-made 6x17cm back, built along the same lines as the Longfellow camera in Appendix II, works with wide-angle lenses even on a 4x5in camera because the 4x5in aperture is in the middle of the light path, not at the back. Fairly obviously, a 4x5in camera can accept a roll-film holder for any film size up to around 6x12cm. Although 6x12cm backs are very expensive, a 4x5in camera with a 6x9cm or 6x7cm roll-film back can be a very economical route into medium format, even if you never use...

Shutter Speeds And Handholding

With both MF and LF, you can normally hand-hold longer shutter speeds than would be possible with 35mm. simply because camera shake is magnified less when the negative is enlarged less. This in turn is why, in the days of Speed Graphics, pressmen could often get pictures without flash shutter speeds of Ho second, second and even longer were commonplace. When you consider that second with a 135mm Schneider Xenar wide open at f 4.7 on Kodak Royal-X, ASA 1250. equates to about 'Ao second with a...

The commercial advantage

CHURCH OF ST THOMAS A BECKET, ROMNEYMARSH There is a school of photography that lovingly photographs ugliness in exquisite detail with MF and LF cameras. We prefer to apply the same techniques to beauty. ALPA 12 S WA. 58 5.6 SUPER ANGULONXL, KODAK PORTRA 400 VC. (FES) Until the last few years of the twentieth century, food photography was almost exclusively done with LF cameras, but nowadays modem film and good lenses allow more than adequate quality to be obtained with roll film. This was...

The bigger formats 6x76x86x9cm

Although 6x7cm is incomparably the most popular of these three formats, they all have their advantages. As with 645, reflexes need a prism or a revolving reversing back, and the bigger the format, the bulkier and more expensive this makes the camera with direct vision cameras, this is a much less important consideration. STALAGMITE, GHARDALAM, MALTA According to the tenets of camera-club composition, horizontal compositions are more restful and enduring than vertical ones. There is a good deal...

Pinholes and pinhole cameras

RIGBY 4x5in PINHOLE CAMERA Far and away the easiest route into pinhole photography is via a ready-made pinhole camera. This one is aimed by lining up studs on the top and side -they should just about be visible in reproduction - and there is even a shutter which doubles as a lens cap. RIGBY 4x5in PINHOLE CAMERA Far and away the easiest route into pinhole photography is via a ready-made pinhole camera. This one is aimed by lining up studs on the top and side -they should just about be visible in...

And The Outfit

The typical MF or LF outfit is significantly smaller than the typical 35mm outfit, simply because it is asked to do less. Very long and very fast lenses are extremely rare zooms are only a little more common shift lenses are rare in MF, and unnecessary with the vast majority of LF cameras where all lenses are potentially shift lenses and there is generally less choice of accessories, though some MF systems are surprisingly extensive. Furthermore, because LF cameras, lenses and backs can be...

Color and black and white

STAIRCASE OF RUINED HOTEL, GHAJN TUFFIEJA, MALTA Where tonality is everything, as it is here, then 4x5in is all but essential if you wart to go beyond about 12xl6in 30x40cm, and the advantage of 4x5in over MF may well be visible even at smaller sizes there is a wonderful tonality in an enlargement of just 2x. TOHO FC45X, 110 5.6 SUPER SYMMAR ASPHERICXL, ILFORD WO DELTA, ILFORD MULTIGRADE WARMTONE, TONED IN SELENIUM. When it comes to choosing what sort of camera to buy, and what format, a great...

Why Move Up

Six thousand feet up in the Himalayas. Frances shot this on 6x9cm Kodak Portra 400 VC, using a 35 4.5 Rodenstock Apo-Grandagon on her Alpa 12 S WA. The speed of the film limits the maximum enlargement size, but 6x is still 13x20in or 34x50cm. Nowrojee's is the oldest shop on the northern subcontinent. Most people who use 35mm have the same nagging question at the back of their minds if they changed to a larger format, would they get better pictures The answer, as so often in photography, is a...

Professional Polaroid Cameras

Land originally saw his Polaroid cameras as point-and-shoot toys for the affluent, Polaroid was a leader in exposure automation and not many purpose-built Polaroid cameras have given the user full control over aperture and shutter speed. Polaroid peel-apart materials develop using exactly the same chemical processes as conventional materials, and time and temperature do make a difference. W carry a small thermometer with us, and time tfie development using a watch or timer. In cold...

Simplicity and complexity

This is a simple camera because it automatically sets the film speed, focuses, sets the exposure, and winds on. It frees the photographer from technical considerations, allowing him or her to concentrate on the picture itself on composition, and on the decisive moment. It also allows the photographer to shoot and select from a good variety of images of one subject on one roll. This camera is too complicated because it has too many modes, buttons, knobs and things to go wrong it is too easy to...

Medium format and large format

Although you can buy 35mm cameras with formats from 14x21 mm Tessina to 24x60mm, the vast majority use the 24x36mm format with an area of 864sq mm. LEICA M2, 90 2 SUMMICRON, FUJI RD ISO 100. RWH Although you can buy 35mm cameras with formats from 14x21 mm Tessina to 24x60mm, the vast majority use the 24x36mm format with an area of 864sq mm. LEICA M2, 90 2 SUMMICRON, FUJI RD ISO 100. RWH The smallest common cut-film formats are 4x5in as here and 9x12cm. The image area of 4x5in is approximately...

Format Photography

Moving beyond 35mm for better pictures Amphoto Books An imprint of Watson-Guptill Publications New York First published in the United States in 2001 by Amphoto Books. an imprint of Watson-Guptill Publications, a division ot BPI Communications, Inc., 770 Broadway, New York, NY 10003 www.watsonguptill.com First published in the UK in 2001 by David anc Charles Copyright Roger Hicks and Frances Schultz 2001 Roger Hicks and Frances Schultz have asserted their right to be identified as authors of...