Professional Online Image Editing

Don't want to do your own image adjustments Plenty of online photo sites now offer simple editing including corrections such as red-eye removal, but one online service provides professional-level image-editing. Image-Edit & Art by DigitalCustom (www.image-edit.com) can handle serious projects remotely, including face and skin repairs, motion effects, color changes, photo restoration, and digital hand coloring. The company stresses that the work is artist-executed, not automated, and...

Paint Shop

Paint Shop Pro (PSP) by Jasc Software is a great program for the average user, especially for the price, which is about a sixth of Photoshop's. You can both create and edit images with it. There are text and drawing tools, photo and perspective correction and enhancement tools, a fast background eraser, web design tools, and a powerful full-blown scripting engine that allows users to record, play, and edit any series of repetitive or creative tasks within the program (similar to Actions in...

Special Color Printing Software

There is another option that falls somewhere between the default printer drivers and RIPs, and that is specialized color printing software. (For more about printing software for producing black-and-white prints, see The Secret World of Digital Black and White.) Following are a few examples Qimage (from Digital Domain) is a popular viewing and printing software package. Sold direct and only for Windows 95 98 NT 2000 ME XP operating systems, Linux systems running Wine, and Macs running Virtual...

The GIMP

GIMP is an acronym for GNU Image Manipulation Program. It's a freely distributed (open source) program, which means that unlike commercial software, The GIMP is under continual development by a group of volunteers and enthusiasts around the world. The GIMP is meant for doing things like photo retouching, digital painting, and image composition and editing. I've found everything I was looking for in The Gimp, says artist Pat Thompson. I'm astounded by all the color-manipulation tools and...

Digital Photo Print

One important non-inkjet technology that photographers are especially fond of (although non-photographic digital artists can use them as well) is digital photo print (described in Chapter 2). This print process requires outside service providers since the cost of the equipment is too high for self-ownership. Photo labs, service bureaus, imaging centers, online vendors, and even retailers like drugstores and large discount chains are where you'll find this type of print service. Imagemakers...

Framing

There are two reasons to frame a print (1) to help protect it, and (2) to present the image or print in a professional and appealing way that separates it from everything around it while at the same time not distracting attention from the image itself. This is not an easy task with so many options for moldings, mats, and special treatments like French matting, fillets, and finished corners. Framing is a true craft and should not be undertaken casually. You either pay a professional framer, or...

Painter

Corel Painter is a digital painting program that simulates traditional media. With 30 mediums and more than 400 new brushes in Painter 8, this is the premier natural-media, digital painting and sketching tool. It's a complex program that is a little daunting for some, but the results are pretty amazing if you hang in there long enough to explore it. You can create images from scratch, or you can enhance what you already have, and Painter is completely compatible with Photoshop so you can...

Types of Coatings

Coatings (also called overcoats or topcoats) come in different forms including film laminates, liquid laminates (clearcoats, acrylic varnishes, photo lacquers), and sprays. These can be further broken down into finish types from high gloss to satin or matte. Ideally, you want an inert, odorless, colorless, non-yellowing, anti-fungal coating that's easy to apply. You also want to avoid a coating that draws coating or buffering agents out of the medium, an early problem often reported that caused...

Framing Alternatives

Light Framing Museum

There are now many alternatives to the traditional picture frame approach to digital print display. Here are just a few Unusual Frames Feeling like breaking away from the standard frame shop selection Photographer-artist Konrad Poth makes his own frames from recycled wood from old barns and fences. Globe-trotting photographer S.R. Aull spends a year photographing a specific place (Paris, Hong Kong, Manhattan), and then he frames his traditional Ilfochrome color prints in antique wood windows...

Other Alternative Processes

Dye Sublimation Tile Murals

This is only a quick overview of a few contemporary hybrids where digital printing is playing a strong role. The transfer dye-sub process involves printing an image onto a medium and then transferring that under heat and pressure to the final surface. Dye sub is a substitute for silk screening, which usually requires higher quantities, and while there are plenty of businesses that provide this service, I'll focus on doing it myself. The simplest way to produce dye-sub transfers is to buy...

Deciding on Paper

Choosing among all the different types of papers for inkjet printing can be either an exhilarating or exhausting experience. The assortment available has become bewildering. Where do you start With the recommended printer papers. Just like with inks, desktop inkjet printer manufacturers market their own lines of papers, and this is how I define OEM papers or media, even though some paper suppliers take issue with this since they consider themselves to be the true OEM suppliers. In terms of...

Printer Calibration

The reason I qualified the sentence above with at its best is because while printer calibration is always desirable, it is not always possible, nor common. Also, there is some confusion about the definition of the term calibration when talking about printers. It sometimes refers, with inkjets, to procedures for aligning printheads and for cleaning ink nozzles, and others think it is the same thing as printer characterization or profiling, but it is not. In the context of color management,...

Color Space Gamuts

One of the important, distinguishing characteristics of each color space is its color gamut, which defines the entire range of possible colors in that system it can also apply to material and devices like monitors and printers . The larger or wider the gamut, the more colors available. Although most people believe that the gamut of RGB is larger than that of CMYK, color expert Steve Upton of CHROMiX explains that that's a myth. I usually describe them as different and use 'a circle drawn over a...

Anatomy of a Digital Image

Ninety-five percent of all the images that photographers and artists end up printing digitally are binary images, also called raster images, also called pixel-based images, also called bitmaps. Confused yet The term bitmap itself sends some people running for shelter. One reason is because Adobe Photoshop, considered the top image-editing software program, has a mode option called bitmap that converts an image into the crudest 1-bit per pixel form. That's unfortunate because...

Digital Drawing Painting

Not really a way to acquire or capture an image, digital drawing or painting involves artists creatively inputting their ideas directly into the computer. It can be done with drawing or painting software applications, image-editing programs, or the many niche programs, plugins, and filters that are available to artists working digitally. Let me admit right up front that there is a lot of overlap between this category and the next one, image editing. The dividing line where image creation...

Blue Wool Lightfastness Standard References

Iso Blue Wool

The Blue Wool Lightfastness References were, and still are, aimed at those who work in the textile industry. The European version is part of the ISO standards, and it gets its name from the dyed blue wool fabric bands or swatches that are used to visually compare fading rates. Much like a litmus test, Blue Wools act as a visual reference or dosimeter for users like museums to determine when too much light has fallen on an artwork so it can be removed from display. Blue Wools also are used as a...

Digital Capture

Leaf Valeo

Digital cameras and digital camera backs are all the rage 41 million were sold in 2003 worldwide and are gradually replacing their analog ancestors film cameras . Here are some reasons why There's no lag time from exposure to the final image. You see it, you got it. Lack of film grain means digital captures are very smooth and clean. Since there's no film, you don't have to buy it, store it, or process it. Or worry about it being X-rayed at airports Digital proponents say camera-back captures...

Jon Cones Computer Assisted Printmaking

David Humphrey And Jon Cone

In 1980, Jon Cone, who was educated and trained as a traditional fine-art printmaker and who owned an art gallery in New York City's SoHo district, founded an experimental and collaborative printmaking studio in the waterfront town of Port Chester, New York. There, from 1980 to 1984, printmaker Cone worked with artists in the media of silkscreen, intaglio, relief, monoprint, and photogravure. Sensing, however, that the computer could be an advantageous tool for experimental print-making and...

Fuji Pictrography

Fuji Pictrography 3500

Many top photo labs and retouch studios, especially those involved with the fashion and beauty industries, use the Fuji Pictrography printer models 3500 and 4500 for high-quality prints and proofs, also known as Fujixprints. Pictrography uses a unique, single-pass, four-step process see Figure 2.19 . A sheet of photosensitive donor paper is exposed to laser diodes LD . A small amount of water is applied to create the dye image on the donor paper with heat. The dye image is then transferred to...

Dropon Demand

This is where most of the inkjet action is. The reason it's called drop-on-demand is because only the ink droplets that are needed to form the image are produced, one at a time, in contrast to continuous-flow where most of the ink that's sprayed is not used. The three main categories of drop-on-demand, inkjet printing are thermal, piezo, and solid ink. How Does It Work This process, which was invented in 1981 by Canon Bubble Jet Printer , is based on the heating of a resister inside the...

Room with a View

Diy Just Normlicht

Color is subjective to start with, and if you're going to be viewing it and making decisions about its rightness or wrongness, you need to reduce the variables in your viewing environment. Here are some tips Use or create a neutral gray for your monitor's desktop color. Extraneous colors will alter your perception of the colors of the image you're working on. Pay attention to everything in your field of view that could affect your color judgement. Ceilings, walls, and floors should be neutral...

Film Photography

Many photographers still prefer to work with film and then scan it in the ways that we've already covered. For traditional artists reproducing existing artwork with film, the art is photographed with a camera that typically produces a medium- to large-format transparency color negatives are harder to deal with in scanning , which is then scanned on a high-end scanner. The skill of the photographer in dealing with image squareness, lighting, exposure time, focus, film choice, and more is...

Wide Format Digital Photo Print

Imageur Durst Lambda

This is top-of-the-line, continuous-tone photo output, and you'll only find the pricey devices for doing this in photo labs, repro shops, service bureaus, and imaging centers. See Chapter 10 for more about how to work with outside print providers. I like the term digital photo print others use words like digital C-print or laser photo printing, although not all devices use lasers. Either using three-color lasers red, green, blue or light-emitting diodes LEDs , these wide-format printers produce...

Other Paint Programs

Howard Berdach

There are many other digital drawing and painting programs that artists use. A few of the most popular Studio Artist Synthetik Software's Studio Artist isn't as well know as Painter, but those who use it love it. Based on the idea of a music synthesizer, it's a graphic synthesizer with an unusual interface, and one of its great strengths is in letting you take an existing source image and going wild with it. The number of editable controls is astounding, which makes it an experimenter's dream....

Scanograms

Cruse Synchron Table Scanner

Photograms have been around since the invention of photography, but it seems as though they're being resurrected through digital imaging and printing. I call them scanograms. Just lay any not-too-thick object on a flatbed scanner and have at it. Of course, scans made this way can also be incorporated into any subsequent artwork as backgrounds or whatever is desired. Let your imagination run wild Photograms have been around since the invention of photography, but it seems as though they're being...

Commercial LPI vs DPI

Lpi Printing

Spatial resolution is a measure of how finely the image information is grouped to be reproduced or rendered by the output device. With the digital imagesetters used in commercial printing, this is where the line screen or screen frequency comes into play. Using the typical 150 lines per inch lpi as the assumption, the printing dots are arranged in rows that are placed 1 150 apart. The spatial resolution is then 150 lpi. Now output the same image at 85 lpi, and you've lowered the spatial...

Digital Photo Process Digital Minilab

Frontier 340

Digital photo printing isn't limited to high-end, large-format devices. In fact, you may not realize it, but most photo labs and photo minilabs today use the same technology to print everything from Grandma's snapshots to professional prints. These are the ubiquitous digital minilabs found at many photo retailers, drugstores, and big-box merchandisers like Wal-Mart and Costco. Digital minilabs made by Agfa, Noritsu, and Fuji are the standard at many photofinishing labs and the new online...

Alternative Screening Dithering

Ciro Marchetti

Certain branches of digital printing, specifically inkjet and electrophotography, now use a relatively new screening type frequency modulated FM screening or stochastic screening to produce near- or at-continuous-tone images where the dots are smaller and more irregular than halftone dots. Perfectly shaped, regularly spaced halftone dots are replaced with more randomly shaped, irregularly placed ones. If you know what a commercial mezzotint screen looks like, you're not too far off see Figure...

Computers Art and Printmaking A Brief History continued

New York master printer Harry Bowers claims to make first digital color photo print. Jon Cone opens Cone Editions Press for computer-assisted printmaking. The IRIS Graphics 3024 inkjet printer is launched for the pre-press proofing industry. David Coons outputs first IRIS fine-art print of singer Joni Mitchell for Graham Nash. Adobe Systems releases image editing software Photoshop 1.0, developed by John Knoll and Thomas Knoll. First all-digitally printed, photographic fine-art show Graham Nash...

Graham Nash and Digital Fine Art Printing

Simon Lowinsky

The photographic side of the equation didn't gel until the paths of six people a rock star and his best friend, an art publicist, a sales rep, a computer wizard, and a silkscreen printer unexpectedly intersected in early 1989 in California. Rock musician Graham Nash of the legendary group Crosby, Stills, and Nash had been quietly collecting photographs for years. On the road with the band, Nash and his best friend Mac Holbert, who was also CSN's tour Crosby, Stills, and Nash in the studio, 1977...

Harald Johnson

Professional Trade deference A DIVISION OF COURSE TECHNOLOGY Mastering Digital Printing, Second Edition 2005 Harald Johnson. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system without written permission from Thomson Course Technology PTR, except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review. The Thomson Course Technology PTR logo...