How Shutter Speed Relates to Focal Length

When you shoot a photo on a bright sunny day at the beach, your camera automatically increases the shutter speed to some very high setting, such as 1 1000 of a second. At a high speed like this, you can take a photo while riding a mechanical bull Figure 5-16 A tripod helps ensure the best possible shot when photographing under low-light conditions. Figure 5-16 A tripod helps ensure the best possible shot when photographing under low-light conditions. and not get a blurred photo. (Of course,...

What Youll Find in This Book Part I Digital Photography Basics

Working with digital cameras requires a major shift in one's thinking. Consumer film photography has been around for over 100 years and has become integrated into our lives. Along comes digital cameras and all of the familiar touchstones of film photography film, negatives, and the local drugstore where we develop the film are gone. The first part of the book introduces you to this digital new kid on the block that has invaded your lifestyle, and shows you how it is similar to, and how it...

Is There Film in Your Camera

Of course, your digital camera doesn't have film, exactly the removable media in your camera is your film. So a better title of this section might be Does your camera have a memory card installed If you own several media cards, make it a habit to open the media card compartment of your camera, like the one shown in Figure 3-2, and pull out the card to check the size of card that is installed. If you do have a memory card in your camera, the next question is, Are there any more exposures left on...

Are Your Batteries Charged and Is Your Lens Clean

Is your battery charged The LCD screen and zoom lens on digital cameras use a lot of power and can suck a battery dry pretty fast. Most digital cameras display an icon like the ones shown in Figure 3-4 on their LCD screen to indicate how much charge remains on the battery. Some cameras even display an estimation of how many minutes of charge are left. The accuracy of these indicators varies between manufacturers. For example, on one of my older cameras the battery charger symbol would change...

Using a Photo Editor to Capture the Entire Image

If you study the flower images from the last section, it might seem that you have a choice of either preserving the detail of the subject and losing a lot of the background or getting most of the photo properly exposed but losing the details on the subject. But there is a third alternative you can use both exposures. Take two photos of the same subject using spot and matrix metering, and then combine the photos in a photo editor. Figure 4-10 shows how this might look. You'll learn how to do...

Taking Photos of Couples

Taking pictures of couples is probably the most fun for me, offering some of the greatest chances of getting a good shot. When you are photographing only two people who know each other well, you have a better chance of interaction and a great shot. Figure 13-7 was a quick shot I took of a father and his daughter in their home. This photo gives a nod to the rule of thirds, in that the father anchors the left side of the photo. Even though a flash was used, I attached a diffuser over the flash...

Where to Find Panoramas

A great collection of old panoramas can be found on the Library of Congress web site (http www.loc.gov). All the old panoramas in this chapter were selected from the library's archive of more than 4000 panoramas. When you get to the home page, use the search feature to look up the word panorama. The excellent search engine uses keywords (such as ship, baseball, and so on) to find and show all of the matching images. Because hundreds (if not thousands) of panoramas of cities and towns were taken...

Special Opportunities for Stunning Photographs

This part covers those specialty forms of photography that require some extra time, effort, or technique on the part of the photographer. Unlike the digital photography covered in the earlier parts of the book, each chapter in this part is targeted at a specific, specialized type of photography. Chapter 11 Capture the Action Taking action photos with a digital camera can be done if you know how to do it. In this chapter, you will learn the cause of the problem most people have taking digital...

Professional DSLR Cameras

What is the most notable difference between the consumer, prosumer, and professional digital camera The price tag. The professional D-SLR camera is an expensive prize. Price aside, the defining feature of D-SLR cameras is interchangeable lenses. This means when you buy the camera, you buy just the body the lenses are extra. For professional photographers, these cameras are great because they feel and act like the film cameras most longtime photographers are accustomed to. The one major...

Attach a Photo to an Email

Attaching a photo (or any other file, for that matter) to an e-mail is easy. Follow these steps to attach a photo to an e-mail using Outlook Express. 1. Create a new e-mail, similar to the one shown in Figure 8-7. Figure 8-7 Begin the process of attaching a photo to an e-mail. Figure 8-7 Begin the process of attaching a photo to an e-mail. File Edit View Insert Format Tools Message Help Send Cut Copy Paste Undo Check Spelling Subject Great photos that you will like Arial v 110 v 1 , B I U A,. i...

Effectively

The internal flash of your camera can wash out the color in your subject if you stand too close to it (see Figure 4). However, if you step back a few feet and use your camera's zoom feature, the colors in the photo will appear richer and more vivid, as shown in Figure 5. Digital cameras have a wide lens. Standing the same distance from your subject as you would using your film camera (see Figure 6) usually results in lessening the photo's impact. You need to use your camera's zoom feature to...

Achieving Painterly Effects with Photos

Several programs out there claim to be able to change any of your photos into paintings. Some work well, but others don't. The best program for these effects is Virtual Painter from Jasc Software (http www.jasc.com). It works as a plug-in to your photo-editing software. (A plug-in is software that operates within your photo editor.) The advantage of using Virtual Painter is that the size of the brush strokes varies with the physical size of the image. Most of the painterly programs use only a...

Use Still Motion Camera Equipment

In almost all cases, shooting water requires a good tripod. The object is to have the camera body mounted so it doesn't move during the slow exposures. The beefier the tripod, the more stable it is and the steadier the camera is during exposure. A lot of inexpensive tripods are very light (which is a good thing when you have to carry it any sort of distance), but if you extend the legs out to their maximum extension, the tripod is wobbly. You can reduce vibration in your tripod in two ways do...

When Auto Focus Doesnt Work

Most digital cameras have an indicator light that flashes (some change color and flash) while the auto-focus is attempting to determine a correct focus. When your camera thinks that the scene is in focus, the indicator light stops flashing as shown in the illustration. Of course, your camera can't think, but the auto-focus mechanism can be tricked. For example, when Flashing indicator is a warning that the autofocus is not in focus. you're taking a picture through a window, the auto-focus will...

Rules of Composition

If you follow some basic rules of composition in photography, your photos are guaranteed to look better. Even so, you should never treat a rule of composition as a hard-and-fast rule that must be observed. In fact, some of the most famous photographers violate all the rules of composition and the photos are applauded In photography, there is no definitive right or wrong way to compose a shot. A composition that conveys a photographer's intended meaning is an effective one. A composition that...

See the Whole Picture Not Just the Subject

When composing a photo, you need to view the entire picture area rather than focusing your attention only on the subject matter. How the subject fits in with the background is just as important. You want to consider all of the parts that make up the image, not just the subject that is the focus of the photo. Figure 3-12 shows an example of an image to demonstrate this point a painter in San Diego's Balboa Park. Figure 3-10 A The subject is lost in the center of the photograph. B The photo is...