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Leaves, I adjusted the shutter speed until a -2 3 exposure was indicated 1 25 sec. instead of the recommended 1 15 sec. (See page 126 for more on this.) I then recomposed to get the scene here and fired off several frames. Prestol It's sharply in focus throughout. 75-300mm lens at 130mm, f 32 for 1 25 sec A road by its very nature acts as a powerful line that can lead the eye into a scene. After pulling onto the shoulder of this road, I set up my camera and 75-300mm lens on a tripod. I set my...

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Aligning the Killer

If you have a camera with a d pih-ot-field pre icw button, use ii as 011 position the graduated N ) filter. you slide the filter up or down, vou can clear ) -< < exactly wlial portions ol the composition will be covered by the density ul the filter. I sing tile pp'vicw billion will uaranlee perteci alignment everv time. I V > IM < I M 11 IIM I I - NN l I UK n In the situation described above, a l-stop graduated ND filter positioned so that only the sky was covered , the ND area would be...

Six Correct Exposures Vs One Creatively Correct One M

Since every picture-taking opportunity allows for no lew than six possible aperture am shutter speed combinations, how In you determine which combination is the I est You must decide, first and foremost, if you want to sim- 111 exposure or if you want to make a creative As we just saw. you can make many different exposures of a given scene, but only one or maybe two are the creative exposures. You can break down the three components of exposure film speed, shutter speed, and aperture to get...

Apeutuhe

II Jfho cares what aper-lf M lure you use when W W shooting a portrait against a wall With my camera and 80-200mm lens mounted on a tripod, and my focal length set to 135mm, I chose a critical aperture of f 8 and then adjusted my shutter speed. 80-200mm lens at 135mm, f 8 for 1 125 sec.) A graphic pattern of line and color surrounds my beautiful wile. Who cores what aperture I use, since my point of view from above puts everything at the same focal distance With a focal length of 35mm, I set...

Implying Motion While Zooming

How do you make a stationary subject move You zoom it In other words, you press the shutter release while zooming vour lens from one local distance to another. With the proliferation of zoom lenses on the market today. I'm surprised that the zooming-dur-ing-exposure technique hasn't been revived. Zooming your lens while pressing the shutter release will produce the desired results but not without practice. Don't be disappointed if your first few attempts don't measure up. Remember my number one...

Double Exposure and Sandwiching

Shooting double exposures can be twice the fun of shooting single exposures. Check your camera right now to see if it has double-exposure capabilities. Unfortunately, not all cameras do. and that's particularly true of many digital cameras. The purpose of the double-exposure feature is to enable you to shoot two or more exposures on the same piece of film or on the same digital exposure, if your digital camera allows it . It's important to remember that when you shoot a double exposure, you...

Jwrtuiv and Sccular High I igills

You've iiiHloiiblr I seen your shore of movies ili.il contain night scenes shot on welUilluminnted sheets. Did yon notice llitil when tin camera focused ill close Oil I lie elmraclers. I lit- background iiglils appeal as nul-ol-loeus circles or hexagons Ol color' ' I .ike the idea ol isual weight. lliis is anolher optical plieiioni-enon in close-up photography, any nul-of-lucus spots ol light appearing inside the view-finder will record on lilm or digital media in the shape of llic aperture in...

Defining Exposure

With my camera and Nikkor 80-400mm zoom lens mounted on a tripod and the lens set to 300mm, I shot the first image at f 4 for 1 1000 sec. The second image was f 8 for 1 250 sec., and the third was f 16 for 1 60 sec. All three exposures are exactly the same in terms of quantitative value, but quite different in the arena of creative exposure. Note how at the wide open aperture of f 4, the sunflower is isolated in effect, it's all alone but at f 16, due to the increase in depth of field, it has...