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Lightroom Preferences

In most scenarios the default Preference settings in place when Lightroom is installed are ideal. However, when you've worked with Lightroom for some time, there may be settings you want to change to suit your computer configuration or work habits. Spend some time getting to know the options available in the Preferences dialog boxes they are fairly straightforward, and with an understanding of Lightroom's interface and functionality the settings you want to change will become more evident. On a Mac, Lightroom's Preferences are accessed under the Lightroom menu. On Windows, they're under the Edit menu. Throughout the program, Lightroom provides presets and templates to store settings and layouts. The default installation comes with some built-in presets and templates. As you work with Lightroom, you should save your own. Th s will dramatically speed up your workflow. You can also get presets and templates from other people Google this. The Lightroom presets folder is an important...

Lightroom Previews Created During Import

As Lightroom reads the pixel data from image files, previews are created, which are then also referenced by the catalog. In the Import screen you can specify the previews generated during import at the following sizes and quality levels (see Figure 2-9) to have your import complete in the fastest time possible. Only small thumbnails will be generated during the import. When you begin working with your images later, Lightroom will generate larger previews as necessary on-the-fly, which may cause slight delays in the response of the program as previews are built. b. Embedded and Sidecar Select this option to have Lightroom read any existing previews contained in the original files and use the current previews if they are up-to-date, or generate new ones if not. This is particularly intended for raw and dng files. (I never use this option, because I only want to see Lightroom's most current previews.) c. Standard Select this option to have Lightroom generate thumbnails and standard-sized...

Lightroom respects xmp during import

If you're importing raw files and they have .xmp sidecar files, Lightroom will read the metadata settings from them, and the images will come into Lightroom with those settings applied. Same with dng a ny custom xmp settings found in a dng when it's being imported will be used as the starting point for processing the file in Lightroom. In the case of camera raw files that have been previously worked on, but do not have sidecar files, those previous edits will not come into Lightroom. Make sure any time you're working on raw files in other software that you save out the metadata to sidecar files. This is discussed further in Chapter 9.

Adobe Releases Lightroom 3 Beta Update

Adobe has opened the second public beta of its Photoshop Lightoom 3 software for immediate download from its Adobe Labs site. Lightroom 3 will be based around a new processing engine and the second iteration adds luminance noise reduction to the color noise reduction options that appeared in the initial beta.

Lesson 16Creating Black and White with Lightroom

Photoshop is not the only game in town. Adobe has also created a new program called Adobe Photoshop Lightroom, or Lightroom for short. This particular program is a fairly complete workflow tool designed just for photographers, while Photoshop has to also satisfy graphic designers and many others that use photographs. The following lesson shows how easy it is to use Lightroom to create black-and-white images and how much control you will have over the tones in your images. Although Lightroom is more expensive than Photoshop Elements, it is quite a bit less expensive than Photoshop. It could be a solution if you currently use Elements and would like to do more but don't need the power of Photoshop. Adobe offers a free 30-day trial of Lightroom at their website, or you can visit the author's website (johngblair.com) for links. To start off, if you haven't used Lightroom before, you must first import your image(s) into Lightroom as shown in Figure 1.20. This brings the image into the...

Backing Up Lightroom Catalogs

Lightroom offers the ability to test the integrity of the database and make a backup of a catalog file. You should frequently allow these backups to be performed. New in Lightroom 3, backups are done when Lightroom quits. During a backup process, only the current Lightroom catalog is backed up the image files and preview packages are not. Lightroom backup settings are found in the Catalog Settings dialog box, introduced in Chapter 1. On the General tab, set the backup frequency to Every Time Lightroom Exits. You can always skip backups if you choose. But at least this way, Lightroom reminds you When Lightroom asks if you want to do a backup, you can specify the location for the backup file. The backups are automatically placed in subfolders named with the date and time see Figure 2-33. Backup Folder Use rs natcoats any Desktop Lightroom 3 Catalog Backups f Choose

Lesson 33Starting with a Color Image in Lightroom

We are going to use Adobe Photoshop Lightroom just as we did in Lesson 1.6 in Chapter 1. To start off, if you haven't used Lightroom before, you must first import your image(s) into Lightroom as shown in Figure 1.20 (in Chapter 1). This brings the image into the Library module. Next, move over to the Develop module by clicking on Develop at the top, using the top menus, or using the shortcut OpenApple Cmd+D (Mac) or Ctrl+D (PC). This is shown in Figure 1.20.

Getting Started With Lightroom

Adobe Photoshop Lightroom is a hybrid application part asset manager, part raw file converter, and part multimedia and print generator. I like to think of Lightroom as having the best features from Photo Mechanic for image editing, Photoshop for camera raw processing, and Expression Media for organizing and cataloging photos. Because using Lightroom is different from using programs such as Photoshop or Photoshop Elements, we'll take a tour of Lightroom in this chapter to help ease the transition. We'll look at how Lightroom is structured, dive into the concept of catalogs, and get started importing photos from your hard drive or memory card.

How Lightroom Is Organized

One of the core concepts behind Lightroom's software design is that you should see and access only those features you need to accomplish the task at hand. Everything else should be hidden from view. While this simplifies the process of working in Lightroom, it is a departure from Photoshop and other applications. Initially, this approach may seem a little foreign to you, but it will quickly become familiar the more you work with it. Lightroom's tools are organized into five separate sections, or modules, shown in the upper-right corner of the workspace. Each module is designed to help you perform a specific set of tasks in your workflow. Think of the five modules as waypoints for your workflow. The uses for each of Lightroom's modules are as follows On either side of the Lightroom workspace are panels containing the tools used in each of the modules in your workflow. For example, the Library module has panels for adding keywords and captions, while the Develop module contains panels...

Lesson 42Starting with a Color Image in Lightroom

We are going to use Adobe Photoshop Lightroom just as we did in Lesson 1.6 in Chapter 1. To start off, if you haven't used Lightroom before, you must first import your image(s) into Lightroom as shown in Figure 1.20 (in Chapter 1). This brings the image into the Library module. To make it easy to make multiple variations, create a virtual copy (Photo Create Virtual Copy). Select your new copy. Next, move over to the Develop module by clicking on Develop at the top, using the top menus, or by using the shortcut OpenApple (Cmd)+D (Mac) or Ctrl+D (PC). This is shown in Figure 1.20 (also in Chapter 1).

How To Backing Up Your Lightroom Catalogs

Now that you've begun adding photos to your Lightroom catalog, you should protect your work by designing a strategy for copying your image library and Lightroom catalog to a backup hard drive. While Lightroom contains an automated backup system, it copies only the catalog, not your original photos, making it an inadequate solution for a true backup system.

Optimizing Your Photos in Lightroom

Thomas Knoll is one of the most influential people in photography today, yet you probably have never heard his name. Thomas and his brother John were the original inventors of Photoshop and led the software through its initial development and purchase by Adobe. While this accomplishment alone warrants mention in this book, Thomas has played an active role in the continued development of Photoshop and spearheaded the growth and development of camera raw files through the creation of Adobe Camera Raw (ACR), the raw processing engine inside Adobe Lightroom.

The Latest Lightroom Rocks

PHOTOSHOP LIGHTROOM, now in The best upgrades to the software are under the hood Adobe seriously improved RAW file processing itself. Noise reduction and sharpening are markedly better (for advice on how to make the best use of the new tools, see Software Workshop, page 48). This go-round is much speedier, too in lightroom 2, we had to wait many seconds for an image to be ready to edit in Develop mode, but now the transition is much snappier, and thumbnails load markedly faster.

Adobe Photoshop Lightroom

Lightroom's interface hasn't changed much with this upgrade, but you'll notice faster processing and superior RAW conversions. press time, only Flickr was available, but it works as promised Set it up with your Flickr account, and drag and drop your photos to upload them. If your pictures get comments, they'll sync up and be viewable in Lightroom. Publish Services is powerful for syncing to mobile devices as well using it is the best way to get your images from Lightroom to your smartphone or iPad. We just hope lots of photo-sharing sites create Publish Services soon. One of the main points of using a tool like Lightroom, which keeps track of its images in a database, is to create an organization system that doesn't require much effort. To that end, our favorite improvement is Lightroom's totally revised import dialogue. We've never seen an importing system as clear and functional. Lightroom vs. Aperture The eternal question for Mac users remains Which is better, Apple Aperture or...

How To Making Selective Adjustments in Lightroom and Photoshop

The more you work with Lightroom and Photoshop, the more you'll see opportunities to improve specific areas within your photos for maximum impact. The techniques covered in this chapter have shown you how to use the selected correction tools in Lightroom and create selections and layer masks in Photoshop for precise control. This How To will give you insight into the thought process behind assessing and executing these corrections. This image has been corrected using the basic suite of tools found in Lightroom's Develop module. Overall, the color balance, exposure, and contrast are correct. Many photographers would be happy with the image as is. Looking at the image, the cyclist doesn't have enough contrast to stand out sufficiently from the background. Because the detail on the cyclist falls on the shadow end of the spectrum, adding contrast to these areas is best done in Photoshop using Curves instead of in Lightroom. While Lightroom's Adjustment Brush is an excellent tool, it...

Should You Burn and Dodge in Lightroom or Photoshop

Lightroom 2 lets you perform simple burning and dodging within the Develop module using the Adjustment Brush. So, should you burn and dodge in Lightroom or in Photoshop The answer is both. As I've often said in this book, it is best to perform as many of your corrections as possible on the unprocessed raw file. That said, the burning and dodging controls are more sophisticated in Photoshop than they are in Lightroom. For most of your photos, you'll perform simple burning and dodging adjustments in Lightroom, and then you'll jump into Photoshop for specific edits requiring additional precision.

Exporting photos from Lightroom

By now you've worked all the way through importing, editing and developing your photos in Lightroom. What's next Maybe you want to email someone a photo, upload images to a photo-sharing Web site, or burn a set of low resolution files to dvd for a client to proof. Other times, you'll want to process a photo further using different imaging software. Unlike other programs, Lightroom doesn't have a Save As command. So whether you're distributing finished photos or need to get working image files out of Lightroom and into other software, you will very often export those files from Lightroom. Lightroom exports can also help you feed your image files into more extended, automated workflows using plug-ins and post-processing actions, Lightroom can trigger all kinds of automated processes on the exported photos. Thes e procedures are discussed further in Chapter 9. Exporting photos from Lightroom always generates new image files. But depending on the purpose of the export, the new files are...

Creative Sharpening in Lightroom

Creative sharpening is used to call attention to specific areas in the photo or to make up for a subject being slightly out of focus. While you can perform creative sharpening in Lightroom with the Adjustment Brush, this isn't an ideal solution because the Sharpness settings in the Adjustment Brush and Graduated Filter panel lack the controls found in other sharpening tools within Lightroom and Photoshop. For that reason, unless I just need a quick-and-dirty correction, I perform any creative sharpening in Photoshop.

Output Sharpening in Lightroom

Fortunately, output sharpening in Lightroom is greatly simplified through the use of output sharpening presets that take the guesswork out of the equation. In Lightroom's Export and Print modules (covered in detail in Chapters 17 and 18, respectively), you'll find options for selecting both the intensity of the sharpening and the output medium. In the Export module, you're given options to sharpen for Screen, Matte Paper, or Glossy Paper along with Amount levels of Low, Standard, and High. Lightroom then calculates the correct amount of sharpening based on the specified output, image size, and image resolution.

Removing Noise in Lightroom

The noise removal tools within Lightroom work best for mild to moderate noise reduction. They tend to work best on chroma noise, the color impurities seen most frequently in the dark shadows. Lightroom's noise reduction tools are located in the Detail panel of the Develop module, immediately below the sharpening tools. By default, the Color slider is set to 25 to gently scrub out any color noise appearing in the shadows. This low setting rarely impacts noise-free images while cleaning up slightly noisy images. To remove more severe color noise, zoom in to your image, adjust your preview to display a noisy image area, and begin increasing the Color noise reduction slider until the color noise disappears.

Lesson 131Neosymbolism Creating in Lightroom

This is the easiest way to adjust these images quickly. If you don't have Adobe Photoshop Lightroom, you can download a free 30-day trial at www.adobe.com. Check the computer requirements to make sure your computer is supported. If you don't want to use Lightroom or can't, Lesson 13.2 will show you how to adjust the images in Photoshop (or Elements). In this lesson we are using Lightroom 1.1. As always in Lightroom, you first download your images to your computer and then import them into Lightroom. Once they are downloaded, use Grid (hit G) to view and select your favorite. Double-click on an image (or hit E) to see it larger in Loupe mode. Use the Pick tool (highlight the image and hit P) to select your favorites and Reject (hit X) those that are out of focus or not to your liking. To change your mind about an image, Unpick it (hit U). In the filmstrip at the bottom, use filters to select just your picks (click on the left flag) and those not yet flagged (the middle flag). As you...

Printing photos from Lightroom

Other software, I think you'll find Lightroom's solutions elegant and powerful. If you've been wanting to print for yourself but have been holding off, I encourage you to take the leap. Making a final print from your photo is one of the most rewarding aspects of photography, and Lightroom gives you all the control you need to make great prints yourself. Many photographers, including seasoned pros, have perfectly valid reasons to send the bulk of their digital images to a lab or other service provider for printing. Lightroom can assist with this by giving you complete control for setting up the final files that you will provide to the lab. One of the most essential features of Lightroom's Print module is the ability to lay out all kinds of different print jobs. You can use Lightroom to set up contact sheets and proofs, picture packages containing prints at various sizes, and fine art enlargements. Like everything else in Lightroom, printing takes some getting used to. Lightroom's...

Lightroom Printing Workflow

Lightroom's Print workflow has been thoughtfully engineered and often is the simplest, most straightforward way to make great digital prints. Here are the essential steps, which are explained in more detail throughout the rest of this chapter 3. In Lightroom's Print module, apply Page Setup options for paper size and orientation.

Resizing Images in Lightroom

One of the advantages of Lightroom's database system is that it simplifies the entire file management process, allowing you to eliminate many of the image resizing steps you have to perform in other applications. For example, let's say you want to make a 5 x 7 inch print of your favorite photo. In Photoshop, you'd have to resize the photo manually to the correct print dimensions and image resolution. Otherwise, you'd get either a poor quality print or an incorrectly sized print. In Lightroom, all you have to do is select the print size you want, tell Lightroom what image resolution you want to use for printing, and Lightroom does the rest. This works for both camera raw files and layered Photoshop document (PSD) files stored in your Lightroom database. The only resizing decisions you face in Lightroom occur when you use the Export module to export a processed version of your raw file or an additional version of a processed photo. You'll use the Export module to create a version of...

Lightroom is an allinone organisational and editing tool Its expensive but those who take hundreds of shots will love it

Despite the Photoshop name in the title, Lightroom is a totally separate application to Adobe's flagship image-editing software. The difference is instantly noticeable where Photoshop is an editor designed to make small, per-pixel changes to your images, Lightroom is all about the big picture. Lightroom is a one-stop shop for all things digital photography. Lightroom is a one-stop shop for all things digital photography. The Develop module is where all the hard image-editing work is done. All the usual image-editing tools are there, and the latest version adds gradient masks to add punch to your landscape shots. There's also a very fast red-eye removal tool and an even better dust-removal tool. It's extremely intuitive and it's possible to go from a mediocre-looking shot to a great one in just a few minutes, and certainly faster than if you were to attempt the same in Photoshop. The problem with Lightroom is price at more than 200 it's more expensive than Elements 8, although it...

Lightroom Web Galleries

But going far beyond Publish Services, which only publish image files, you can use Lightroom's Web module to build complete photo galleries for your own Web site. Lightroom outputs all the required ht ml, css a nd images used for each gallery. You don't need to know anything about coding to make galleries with the Web module. Airtight Auto Viewer Airtight PostcardViewer Airtight Simplc-Vic-wer Lightroom Flash Gallery Photographer's Toolbox - Elegance 1.06 SlldcShowPro for Lightroom Like the other output modules, Web galleries are usually started with templates. These are based on the Layout Styles installed with Lightroom. (In previous versions of Lightroom, Layouts were called Engines.) Lightroom comes with some built-in Layout Styles, and you can find more online. You can see which Layout Styles are installed in the top right panel see Figure 7-1. The With the photos all chosen and sorted, you then use the Web module controls to customize the gallery. When you're done, if...

Lightroom integration with other programs

In most cases, Lightroom plays nicely with other image editing programs. The important thing to keep in mind is that Lightroom's metadata (including adjustments) will typically need to be preserved when going back and forth between Lightroom and another application. For example, if you have a photo in your Lightroom catalog, and then make changes to it using Adobe Camera Raw or Bridge, Lightroom will not automatically reflect the updates. As described in Chapters 3 and 4, Lightroom offers the ability to read and write metadata to and from the catalog, but this is something you must do manually. Lightroom will let you know about metadata status conflicts and you can decide whether to read in the updated metadata from the file on disk, or overwrite it with the metadata from the Lightroom catalog. Lightroom's use of industry-standard xmp and ipt c metadata ensures that other software can recognize that information and will show the same data as Lightroom.

Using Lightroom with multiple computers

Lightroom 3 does not offer support for opening catalogs over a network. If you need to work with a catalog on multiple computers, your best option is to use a portable external drive and simply connect the drive to different computers as needed. In this case, to make things easier you'll probably want to include both the catalog file(s) and the image files on the same drive. If you're moving the drive between Mac and Windows machines you'll need to use special procedures due to the difference in file systems support on the two platforms. Either format the drive as FAT32 prior to loading your files (which imposes limitations on file size that could affect the Lightroom catalog and previews package), or use specialized utility software (available for both Mac and Windows) that allows reading volumes formatted with non-native file systems. When you're using multiple installations of Lightroom to work with catalogs on different machines, make sure all installations of Lightroom are...

Exporting Files from Lightroom

When we have a collection of photos that we would like to use outside of Lightroom we use the export function. Lightroom does not move your original photos during export. It merely takes all the changes you have made to the original file and applies them permanently to a copy. The format of these copies is determined in the dialogue box.

Sepia Toning in Lightroom

Once you've completed your black and white corrections in Lightroom, you can add a sepia tint using the Split Toning panel. The Highlights and Shadows sliders allow you to apply a separate colored tint to the highlights and shadows of your photos, and then you can blend the two with the Balance slider.

Lesson 24Creating Sepia with Lightroom

Epoxy Resin Pebbles

We are going to use Adobe Photoshop Lightroom just as we did in Lesson 1.6 in Chapter 1. To start off, if you haven't used Lightroom before, you must first import your image(s) into Lightroom as shown in Figure 1.20 (in Chapter 1). This brings the image into the Library module. Next, move over to the Develop module by clicking on Develop at the top, using the top menus, or using the shortcut OpenApple+D (Mac) or Ctrl+D (PC). This is shown in Figure 1.20. Alternative Digital ubrerv.lrcat - Adobe Photoshop Lightroom - Develop Alternative Digital ubrerv.lrcat - Adobe Photoshop Lightroom - Develop Once you are finished, you can export the image so you can send it to your lab, edit it further in Photoshop, make a slide show, print it, or create a website page, all from Lightroom. For detailed instructions on any of these features, see Appendix B, Resource List, for books to help you with that. If you like the mix that you created, you can save it as a preset by going to the top menu and...

RAW Conversion In Lightroom

My first step is converting the image from RAW to Tiff format. I currently use Lightroom for this part of my workflow, but other converters can work just as well. In fact I use different RAW converters for the conversion of other types of photographs. My choice of RAW converter is based on the needs of each photograph. B - All the other adjustments I made in Lightroom

Lightroom Presets

I found that saving the image adjustment settings for specific images as presets in Lightroom to be very useful. The reason for that is simply the complexity of the adjustments I make to each image. It is very difficult to remember exactly what those are when you go from one image to another. It is when you want to use previous settings on a new image that the presets come in handy. Using presets is very simple, all you need to do is click on a specific preset and the settings saved in it will be applied to the image you are working on. I usually name each preset after the photograph they were originally designed for since this helps jog my memory about what each preset does. In case of doubt, or to quickly check what a preset looks like, all you have to do is pass the mouse pointer over the list of presets and the effect of each preset will be applied to the large thumbnail in the preview window. Once you find one you like simply click on it and the preset will be applied to the...


Officially released in January 2007, Adobe Photoshop Lightroom is Adobe's photography editing program (see 2-20). It differs from Photoshop in that it is a one-stop photo library and editor. It has all the major features needed by professional photographers to do their job without resorting to opening their work in Photoshop. It has a fully featured image library that allows about this figure Here is the Adobe Lightroom interface. Pete Carr about this figure Here is the Adobe Lightroom interface. Pete Carr

Lightroom Advances

When you understand how Lightroom works, you can envision how the platform might change in the future. Lightroom is Adobe's answer to photo-management challenges. It allows users to edit, manage, and showcase photos. It uses catalogs, which cause the program to produce a catalog file that includes information about the photos, including metadata. Everything you can do in your computer's Finder or Explorer, you can do in your Lightroom interface. That includes moving files from folder to folder and adding and deleting folders. Thumbnails of computer contents as shown in Lightroom 3. Thumbnails of computer contents as shown in Lightroom 3. Lightroom allows you to both tweak and manage your photographs. The Adobe website describes Lightroom 3, the latest version of Lightroom, as software that helps you bring out the best in your photographs, whether you're perfecting one image, searching for ten, processing hundreds, or organizing thousands. 1 Lightroom has five modules you can work in...

Lightroom Modules

Lightroom is split into five core modules each representing a major step in the workflow process. They cover image input, processing and output. I don't intend to describe how to use the functionality of Lightroom, but for detailed information and tutorials visit www.adobe.com products photoshoplightroom What I'm going to cover here are those parts of Lightroom which help us enormously to develop a workflow structure.

Commands And Shortcuts

All the commands available in Lightroom can be found on menus throughout the program interface. But often, using a menu is not the fastest method Lightroom is replete with shortcuts keyboard and otherwise. It's designed to let you work quickly and smoothly kind of like stream-of-consciousness editing. Once you get the hang of it, the software steps aside to allow your photographs and editing work to come to the forefront of the process. As with Lightroom's menus, each module has its own shortcuts, and some shortcuts in different modules share the same key. Lightroom

Calibrating And Profiling Your Display

Download the photos onto your computer hard drive and Import into Lightroom 5. Exp ort files from Lightroom for specific purposes Process in Lightroom, not in-camera Though many current camera models offer varying levels of processing within the camera itself (brightness, contrast, color and sharpness controls, black and white conversion, etc.) it's almost always best to do the image processing on your Lightroom, not in the camera.

Basic Import Workflow

Importing is one of the most important parts of the workflow and requires your complete attention. The steps you take in completing an import can largely determine the ease or difficulty of the rest of the workflow. Plan and execute your imports carefully and you will benefit from one of Lightroom's key strengths batch processing. Following is a simple rundown of the major steps you'll consistently use to import photos into Lightroom During an import, all the selected files we be processed using the same criteria. However, Lightroom gives you lots of ways to apply file-specific, variable data to your photos, such as a unique file name for each one. This is done using templates we'll discuss these later in this chapter. After you've run through the import process a few times, you'll easily remember the key settings to check before starting each Import. And new in Lightroom 3, you can save presets of your commonly used import settings. Open the Import screen from anywhere in Lightroom

The New Import Window

When you click the Import button (see Figure 2-1) or use the File Import Photos menu command or shortcut, Lightroom opens a window where you configure all the settings for the current import (see Figure 2-2). I'll discuss the specific settings for different types of imports later in this chapter. For now, let's just have a look around the new and improved Lightroom 3 Import screen. A Lightroom Bictup s

Using Multiple Catalogs

You can use one or many catalogs to manage your photo library, though as of this writing the Lightroom application can only have one catalog open at a time. For example, some photographers might use different catalogs for work and personal photos, or a unique catalog for each specific client. Also, using temporary working catalogs you can maximize the potential of your workflow. One example of how using multiple catalogs can greatly enable your workflow is when traveling, and using Lightroom on a laptop, then returning home to your main computer. These scenarios are discussed in Chapter 9. A Lightroom catalog can only contain one instance of a given image file, based entirely on the file name. And though a single image can be imported into any number of catalogs, this is something you need to do deliberately and carefully. Working on the same file or worse yet, copies of the same file in different catalogs can lead to real trouble. To fi nd all the Lightroom catalogs on your computer,...

Collapsing panels and Solo Mode

The import screen is one area in Lightroom where the panel tracks can get very long. As you're going through the steps to set up your import, you can close panels you're not using to make items easier to find. Also, if you right-click or Control+click on a panel header you'll see a popup menu for hiding and showing panels. With Solo Mode enabled, as you open one panel, all the others will close. This option is specific to each left and right panel track and is my preferred mode. Solo Mode is available on panels throughout Lightroom and is mentioned in other places where it's particularly useful. 10. U ncheck Don't Import Suspected Duplicates. At this point, we don't want Lightroom deciding for us what's a duplicate and what's not.

Use the arrow keys to move between images

As you go through your edit, you can switch to Loupe, Compare or Survey views as needed to evaluate larger previews or compare multiple images. We'll look at those in a bit. Also, sometimes you'll want to do some processing to make a decision about how to rate an image. With Lightroom you can make quick adjustments to photos as you edit the shoot. You can use the controls on Library's Quick Develop panel to quickly process multiple photos during editing. If needed, apply Quick Develop adjustments to help you make editing decisions but don't get too mired in processing at this point. We're just picking our favorite shots. Selects all the images visible in the current source, then saves all Lightroom metadata to the files on disk

Folders And Subfolders

Folders are the basic method for organizing your photos on the hard disk. Immediately after Import you'll begin editing your images within their folders (see Figure 3-8). When you import a photo into Lightroom, the folder containing that photo on disk will also be added to the Folders list. You can directly manipulate the Folder hierarchy on disk from within Lightroom if you move or rename folders listed in Lightroom's Folders panel, those changes will also be made to the folders on disk. Lightroom will give you an alert to confirm when doing this.

Dont stay in folders too long

In Lightroom you can do a lot of work from within a folder source. But various stages of the editing workflow and some tasks will require more refined selections and the creation of derivative files for specific purposes. For efficiency, these situations benefit from the creation of other virtual organizational structures within the Lightroom catalog. As you move through your workflow on a group of photos, use the other sources instead of folders, especially collections and smart filters.

File naming templates

One of Lightroom's most useful batch processing capabilities is renaming files. With file naming templates you can set up a standardized base file name using whatever conventions you prefer. The templates are then used to rename files during import, or later in the Library module.

Be very careful when deleting folders or photos

When you remove folders or delete photos from Lightroom, any edits or adjustments you made to those photos in Lightroom will also be removed. If you haven't saved out the metadata, that work will be lost. (You could re-import the files, but your Lightroom changes will not be restored.) If you make a mistake when removing photos or folders, you can immediately Undo the deletion(s). anything in your file system outside Lightroom, especially when Lightroom is not running, the database will not automatically update and you will need to manually relink the files in the catalog. Also, in some situations, it's possible that the files haven't been moved, but Lightroom has somehow lost track of them. An example of this is when using an external drive on Windows, where the drive is assigned a default letter each time it's turned on. It's possible that the same drive will be assigned a different drive letter the next time it's connected. Lightroom won't be able to find the files because the...

Finding missing folders

If a folder name contains a question mark (see Figure 3-14) it means the folder and its contents cannot be located by Lightroom. To process these photos, you will first need to relink the folder. Choose Find Missing Folder from the contextual menu. Navigate through the dialog boxes to find the missing folder and click Return or Enter to finish. Lightroom will update the links in its database. Update Folder Location this command allows you to point Lightroom to a different source folder on a hard disk, whether or not Lightroom thinks a folder is missing . This is useful if you've copied or moved files and need Lightroom to use the new location, even though the existing catalog links are not broken.

Synchronizing Folders

If you've made changes to the contents of a folder outside Lightroom, such as adding or removing images, renaming files, etc., you can synchronize the folder in Lightroom. Synchronize Folder compares what's in the catalog with the contents of the folder on disk and allows you to update the catalog accordingly. For example, if you use Adobe Bridge, Adobe Camera Raw, Photoshop or Elements to edit photos outside the Lightroom catalog, you'll need to synchronize them in Lightroom when you're done.

Collections And Filtered Sources

In addition to the ability to manipulate actual files and folders on disk from within Lightroom, there are even more powerful options for finding, organizing and sorting your photographs using virtual sources created in the database. Collections are like virtual folders they exist only in the Lightroom database. A single photograph can be a member of any number of Collections without requiring additional copies of the file on disk. Collections are an example of Lightroom's ability to reference a single image in multiple ways from within the database. Filters define image sources using criteria you specify and are used to refine other, higher-level sources. Collections and Filters are discussed in detail later in this chapter.

What Happens During The Import

Depending on the type of import you're doing and the options you've selected, Lightroom will read each of the files in the selected folder(s), copy the files if directed to do so, create records in the catalog and builds previews for all the photos in the import. If you start an import and realize you made a mistake or change your mind about something, it's often best to let the import finish and clean up after-the-fact. Stopping an import in progress increases the likelihood of bad data in the Lightroom catalog (especially if Lightroom crashes while trying to stop the import) and brings into question the accuracy and completeness of the files in subsequent imports. For these reasons I believe you should be conservative with the number of files you attempt to import in one batch, especially when you're just starting out with Lightroom. If you do decide to stop an import in progress, click the X next to the progress indicator in the Library module. After clicking once, wait for...

The Secondary Display window

Lightroom offers support for a secondary display that can be configured separately from the main window. The second window can be used to show full-screen Loupe images while you choose from thumbnails in your main window, or vice versa. You can also use the second window for Compare and Survey views, while keeping your main window in another view.

Metadata for video files

Lightroom 3 is the first version of the program to offer support for working with video clips. You can see thumbnail and loupe previews in Library, along with text indicating the duration of the clip. Although you can't play or edit video directly within Lightroom 3, you can use all the metadata features, including keywording, collections and filtering for video files. Video is also a file type criteria for smart collections (discussed below). However, note that (depending on the video file format) not all Lightroom metadata would be included on an export of those video files.

Editing a photos capture time

If the clock on your camera was incorrect at the time of capture or your image file does not have a date embedded, you can change the image capture time in Lightroom. Choose the menu command Metadata Edit Capture Time (see Figure 3-40). You can adjust by specified date and time, shift by set number of hours (time zone adjust) or change to file's creation date, if different than the other dates. The dialog box states that the operation cannot be undone, but you could always change the time again to correct any errors.

Backing up and optimizing your catalog

As described in Chapter 2, Lightroom 3 includes some important changes for how we back up our catalogs. Backups are now done on quitting Lightroom, instead of when launching. The options for controlling how often Lightroom backs up a catalog are under Catalog Settings. Keep in mind that only the catalog itself is backed up not image files or previews. I back up my catalog after every work session where I've made any kind of significant changes within the catalog, so I keep this set to Every time Lightroom exits I can just skip a backup if it's not necessary. Also, the Optimize Catalog command has been moved to the Lightroom menu on Mac and the File menu on Windows. I recommend you optimize your main catalog every couple of weeks worth of work, at minimum. (The Optimize Catalog command runs the sql V acuum procedure, which cleans, compacts and repairs the catalog.)

Perfecting your photos in Develop

Along with the organizational power in Library, the Develop module is one of Lightroom's core strengths. Master the Develop controls and you may find that you can complete all the processing you desire entirely within Lightroom. (In cases where you also want to work on your images more in Photoshop, Lightroom provides a streamlined workflow for sending photos to Photoshop, and then back to Lightroom when you're done Chapter 9 includes instructions for Lightroom's round-trip procedure for editing photos in Photoshop.)

Develop Module Panels

The right panel set provides all the adjustment controls and tools you'll use to Develop your photos. Lightroom 3 contains significant additions and improvements in the Develop module adjustments. Take a minute to look around open and close each panel to get an idea of the adjustments available. The Develop module is also one of the places within Lightroom where I almost always work with the panels in Solo Mode. This avoids the need

Typical Develop Workflow

Process as far as you can in Lightroom Many photographers who have been using Photoshop, or other image processing software, for a long time have a natural inclination to do a minimal amount of work in Lightroom, wanting to switch to the other program as soon as possible to finish the photo. (If you're one of these folks, I believe you're cheating yourself ) Practice processing the image as far as you possibly can, using Lightroom alone, before switching to another program .you won't regret it When you've mastered the Develop controls in Lightroom you will not spend nearly as much time in other software. Any photo that is made of more than one original capture is called a composite. Currently, Lightroom can't produce composites. To combine multiple images you need to get them out of Lightroom and into other software, like Photoshop. Processing individual images that will become part of a composite requires special consideration. If, during processing, you start thinking of combining...

Maintaining Maximum Quality

As has been discussed in previous chapters, one of the primary goals of digital image processing is to retain as much data as possible from the original capture throughout the imaging pipeline. Regardless of the types of adjustments you make or special effects you apply in Lightroom (or any other software) it's usually best to process your images as minimally as you can. This requires you to plan several steps ahead as you adjust images and, in general, to perform your processing tasks in a consistent sequence. Go through your processing methodically, taking the time to finish each photo before moving onto the next. In some cases, batches of images can be Developed the same way Lightroom accommodates this with ease. Lightroom's Develop controls can be adjusted in any sequence you like. You can go back and forth between panels and settings to progressively refine your images and Lightroom will apply the adjustments to the final image in the ideal way to maintain the most possible data....

White Balance Presets

Figure 4-26 Lightroom vs. camera settings In many cases, the numeric values for Lightroom's white balance settings uses will be different than those used in the camera. For example, the Daylight setting on my Canon 5D Mark II uses a temperature of +4850 and a tint of + 1, whereas Daylight in Lightroom is +5500 and +10. Depending on the photo, this may not be an important distinction, and white balance on a raw capture is only a metadata value, so you can apply any numeric settings you want in Lightroom.

Optimizing Tonal Values

Lightroom provides controls on several panels to adjust the tones of a photo If your photo contains clipped highlights, you can often recover some tonal information using the Recovery adjustment on the Basic panel (see Figure 4-38). The Recovery slider instructs Lightroom to apply data values from channels that are not clipped into the channel(s) that is are clipped. The exceptions are cases where all three channels are clipped to pure white, in which case Recovery won't help. The result of Recovery is most often a very This simple slider on the Basic panel (see Figure 4-39) conceals a lot of power. Unlike the crude, old-school controls in programs like Photoshop, Lightroom's Contrast (and Brightness) adjustment has been programmed from scratch and can be used to great effect. The Lightroom default for Contrast is +25 my personal default starts with Contrast at +35 and I adjust up or down from there as appropriate for each photo.

Converting a photo to black and white

If you like black and white photographs, this can be one of the most fun and creatively rewarding aspects of working in Lightroom. Starting with a color original, it's possible to produce stunning black and white photos. And, no doubt, some images look much better in black and white than in color. In Lightroom, a black and white image remains in r gb mo de, even when exported. The colors in the image are simply converted to equal values in all three channels. (This is very different from the Grayscale mode in Photoshop, which only contains one channel.) Keep in mind that the color components are being turned into gray levels, but Lightroom still processes them based on their original, named hue values (red, purple, aqua, etc.). There are several ways to turn a color image into black and white in Lightroom. However, this is a case where the fastest method doesn't always produce the best results.

Creative color processing

Trends and styles in photography have been heavily influenced by special ways of processing photos, and until very recently, these effects were all done in the wet darkroom. But Lightroom provides far more control and flexibility than any photographers working in the darkroom could have ever hoped for. That said, there are certain photographic processing styles that have endured for decades some since the earliest days of photography. These can be reproduced in Lightroom instructions for simulating some of them are provided below. Lightroom offers many options for processing your photos in unique ways. With such a wide range of controls, there are unlimited possible outcomes for the way an image will end up. I encourage you to experiment as you work maybe you will invent the next popular photographic style

Creating multiple versions of a photo

While processing your photos in Lightroom, you can generate multiple versions of a photo in the catalog from a single, original file on disk. This is done using virtual copies ( vcs ). A virtual copy is indicated by a turned-corner icon on the thumbnail (see Figure 4-114). Virtual copies exist only in the Lightroom database. If the original file on disk is removed from Lightroom its vcs will also be removed.

Resetting adjustments

There will be times when you want to remove Lightroom adjustments from one or more photos. Resetting restores the default settings and removes any settings you've applied since the photo was imported (excluding any Develop presets applied during import, which would remain). Resetting is undoable. Like most everything else in Lightroom, if you Reset a photo and then change your mind, simply Undo it (S+Z or Ctrl+Z).

Setting Your Own Default

As described toward the beginning of this chapter, beyond just applying Develop adjustments using presets, you can also override the main Lightroom default settings, which are applied to all raw images that haven't otherwise had settings applied. Then select Develop menu Set Default Settings see Figure 4-128. A dialog box will appear asking you to confirm your choice see Figure 4-129. Note that by running this command again later you can restore the original Lightroom defaults.

Before and after examples

Every one of the photos used in this book, including the cover and chapter openers, were Developed entirely within Lightroom. Photoshop was used only for the final conversion to cmyk for offset printing. The following pages show a few more examples of my photos processed only with Lightroom. See if you can figure out what adjustments, tools and techniques were used for each or at least, how you might do it.

Export Versus Other Methods

Keep in mind that using the Export command is just one of several ways to save new image files out of Lightroom. For example, if you need to process photos in Also, before exporting final files for a particular use, consider that using Lightroom's output modules Slideshow, Print and Web might produce the files you need more efficiently. The functions of those modules provide capabilities that make some tasks easier than doing it through an Export, though the end results may be identical. One example is the Print to jpg File option in the Print module see Chapter 6 for more on this. Remember that in Lightroom, jpg files are processed non-destructively just like all other file types. You can edit and develop them in Lightroom with no loss of quality, because the original file on disk is never directly altered. And most often, you can safely export new files from those jpgs without problems. If you have original jpgs in your Lightroom catalog that you want to edit in other software, I...

Selective Color Adjustments

In addition to the global Saturation and Vibrance settings, you can adjust colors in the image based on their named hue (orange, purple, aqua, etc.). Ths e colors may seem arbitrary, but quite the opposite is true Lightroom's color ranges are loosely based on the color wheel (as defined more practically by Mark Hamburg at Adobe) and divided into distinct hues that blend together in between. The defined colors are Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Aqua, Blue, Purple and Magenta. You may be surprised to find that all the colors in your photos fall primarily into one of these hues, sometimes with slight overlaps into neighboring colors. Lightroom provides controls for adjusting both specific color hues and blended combinations.

Original And Derivative Files

When you export photos from Lightroom, the original is the photo from which the new files are being made. An original can be any photo or virtual copy in your catalog. For this reason, you might have more than one original version of a photo in your catalog, all made from a single file on the hard disk. In this case, each variation could be considered an original in terms of exporting. For example, if you use virtual copies (vcs) to produce three versions of a photo with different crops, each vc would be considered an original.

Printing the job to your own printer

Apply the appropriate settings for the print job. If you're using Lightroom's color management, you need to take special precautions to make sure that color management is completely turned off in the printer driver. The vast majority of color problems on prints are due to double color management . Depending on your printer and driver software, this will be found in different places. While working in the dialog boxes, most printer drivers allow you to save

Getting the best possible printed output

Capable of making very accurate, beautiful prints straight from Lightroom, or from jpG files made by Lightroom. Here are a few tips to help you get good prints. Some users have reported seeing differences in prints made from Lightroom versus those from Photoshop or other software. Problems have been reported on a few printers from Epson, hp and Canon. There are several possible reasons for this. First, as Lightroom is still a relatively new program, some printer drivers have trouble with Lightroom's color-managed output. In cases where the problem lies with Lightroom's printing pipeline, Adobe has worked diligently to iron out the bugs. Unfortunately, this hasn't always been the case with problems in printer drivers. Printer manufacturers notoriously blame the operating system (and vice versa), so these kinds of problems are resolved slowly, if ever. It's important to note that true software bugs related to printing from Lightroom are rare the vast majority of prosumer and...

Selecting A Template And Layout Style

In Lightroom, a Web Layout Style (historically called the Layout Engine ) determines the layout and format to be used for the gallery. Different Layout Styles will offer different options. Lightroom comes with some preinstalled Flash and plain ht ml layouts, which as their names imply, will use different programming technologies to construct and display your gallery. Templates are listed in the Template Browser panel (see Figure 7-4) and are used to store presaved settings. By default, the templates you see in the Template Browser are from Lightroom's built-in ht ml and Flash Layout Styles. Lightroom 3 comes with a whole bunch of new built-in templates. (After you've customized a Layout Style, you'll want to save your own template for later use, which we'll cover later in this chapter.)

Configuring gallery settings

In both cases, using Lightroom's built-in templates, you can't change the size of the thumbnails, but you usually can change how many thumbnails will show on a single page. Some third-party Layout Styles allow you to adjust the size and presentation of thumbnails. (The add-on Web layouts will provide documentation for their controls.) The available layout options depend on the Layout Style you use, and they vary widely. The following example is based on Lightroom's default ht ml gallery, which is the one I use most often.

Previewing The Web Gallery

Though we've only worked through half of the panel settings, I want to switch gears and talk briefly about previewing your gallery. You've already been doing this as you make changes to the settings you see the gallery preview continually updated in the main preview area. There will be times when you need to force Lightroom to make a new preview, or to preview the Web gallery in a browser. In addition to previewing the Web gallery within Lightroom's image display area, you can also test it in the default Web browser on your computer. On the bottom of the left panel track is a button labeled Preview in Browser. (see Figure 7-9). Clicking this will render your gallery and load it into the default browser on your computer. Previewing in a browser requires Lightroom to render temporary files for all the photos and can be quite slow. I recommend that you instead use the Web module's built-in preview whenever possible, or use a limited number of photos for your test previews.

Uploading Your Web Gallery To A Server

When you've got your gallery set up the way you want, you can use Lightroom to upload the entire gallery to your Web server. Lightroom will render all the files for the gallery and then put them on the server using the account settings and directory locations you specify.

Exportingweb Galleries

You can also export Web galleries from Lightroom even if you don't have a Web hosting account set up. In a way, a Web export is the opposite of Upload the files are saved to your hard drive but not to a Web server. (It's important to understand that exporting a Web gallery is different than using the regular Export command to make derivative files, in which only image files are produced.) Because of the way Lightroom packages all the files within a single, top-level directory, and because all the links to files and pages are relative to one another within that folder, you can do all kinds of useful things with exported Web galleries. For example, you can export a Web gallery today, and then upload it to a server next week. (If you have a dedicated ftp p rogram, this might be the fastest easiest way to upload Lightroom galleries to your server.) Lightroom Web galleries also make great offline presentations, even without an Internet connection. For example, I've produced some effective...

Making and presenting slideshows

If you want to make quick, easy slideshows that you can present and or send to other people, Lightroom's Slideshow module often fits the bill. You can create, present and export slideshows with customized designs, transitions and soundtracks. You can play a slideshow from within Lightroom or export it in several formats. Lightroom 3 offers some significant improvements in the creation of slideshows. That said, Lightroom really can't compete with dedicated slideshow programs. I hope this chapter will show you all that's possible within Lightroom slideshows and help you see where Lightroom's slideshows fit in the larger landscape of on-screen presentation software. Set realistic expectations and I think you'll find you can use Lightroom for most of your slideshows. 9. Play the slideshow in Lightroom or export it to file(s) on disk

Presenting Or Exporting The Slideshow

Click the play button at the bottom of the right panel, or use the shortcut. This blacks out the display, starts the slideshow immediately and shows all the slides full screen. You can pause the slideshow by pressing the space bar. To stop the slideshow, press Esc. If the slideshow stops playing, shows blank slides, or jumps back to the first slide at the wrong time, it's likely because large previews haven't been rendered for those photos. Lightroom 3 offers a new feature to Prepare Previews in Advance, which you enable by checking the box at the bottom of the Playback panel.

Welcome to the next level

In the previous chapters, we've covered the basics of all the great things you can do with your photos in Lightroom. I think by now you've seen that, in most cases, you can do everything you want with your photos, entirely from within Lightroom, using a repeatable set of workflow procedures. Now's the time to take it a few steps further. There will eventually be situations that fall outside the norm, in which you need more than just the basics of Lightroom. This chapter provides detailed instructions on numerous ways that you can leverage the strengths of Lightroom when you want to also use other software for processing your photos or have unique logistical requirements.

Roundtrip Editing With Photoshop

As much as Lightroom is capable of, there will be times when you've got to take a file into Photoshop to finish your work. One common example is when you need to combine multiple captures. This is called compositing you're making a composite image from multiple original photos. Compositing can be done manually, such as stacking multiple layers with masks in Photoshop, or automatically, such as with hdr tone mapping or stitching panoramas. The outcome of all of these processes is a final, composite image. Another example is heavy retouching, which also could reasonably be considered compositing. If you need to replace a large or complex section of a photo, you'll likely need more retouching power than Lightroom can provide. Also, there are advanced sharpening and noise reduction packages available that go far beyond what Lightroom can do in these areas, and are often implemented as Photoshop plug-ins. Another case where you might want to use Photoshop is soft-proofing. Photoshop can...

Working with multiple catalogs

For most photographers using Lightroom, working with one main catalog will be best. But there will inevitably be cases where using multiple catalogs can help. Consider that through the import and synchronize processes, a single Lightroom catalog knows about certain photos and the work you've done to them if you import pictures into one catalog, and later work on them in a different catalog, whatever you did in the previous catalog will not be visible in the latter catalog unless you sync data between the catalogs. For this reason, I think using multiple catalogs should only be a consideration when you've really got a handle on the database concepts of Lightroom. From that foundation, you'll find all kinds of ways to use multiple catalogs to empower your workflow. Although Lightroom currently can't directly open a catalog over a network, you CAN import from a catalog on a network drive If you're in a workgroup environment, with multiple people needing to access the same data, you can...

Use dedicated disk drives for your image library

It's better to not store your image files on your system disk. I recommend you store your photos (and usually, your Lightroom catalogs) on disk drives used only for that purpose. If you currently are storing your photos on a single internal disk, I recommend you set up new drives to use only for your imaging work.

Preparing print files to send to a lab

You can very effectively use Lightroom to generate print-ready files for printing by a lab. All photographic print labs accept jpg files for output. Lightroom's Print module has controls for you to save out jpg files using the current print layout and settings, instead of spooling the job to your own printer. Custom File Dimensions this lets you specify a size for the print file. This option provides the ability to produce print files at different sizes from a single print layout, but in practice, this is rare. If you've done your layout carefully, you most often won't need to enable this. Otherwise, type to enter the new dimensions here, and Lightroom will resize your printed output as the jpc files are being created. When the correct settings have been entered, click the Print to File button. Lightroom will prompt you to choose a location to save the files. When you're ready, click Save. Lightroom will output jpc file(s) for each page of your print job After you get the prints back...

Show import dialog when a memory card is detected

Suske Wiske Gouden Collectie

This setting, in Lightroom Preferences General (moved to the General tab in v3 see Figure 2-20 on previous page), is intended to automatically open Lightroom's import screen when you insert a memory card or connect a camera directly to your computer. However, this can be overridden by your operating system and other programs may also get in the way. If you want to use this feature you might need to change your system settings. On OS X, use the Image Capture application preferences and specify Lightroom as the application to launch when a memory card is loaded. On Windows, in the Autoplay control panel, choose Import using Lightroom and check the box for Do This Every Time. 3. With the card mounted and Lightroom Import screen showing, in the top panel and Sources, you'll see the memory card listed (see Figure 2-21). Lightroom is usually very good at finding the subdirectory containing the photos. If not, navigate to the folder containing the image files on the card.

Global Adjustments To Saturation And Vibrance

Because these two adjustments are applied globally, it's very easy to overdo them with destructive effect on the appearance of the photo. (Set the Saturation and Vibrance sliders all the way to the right to see what I mean.) In this age of digital photography, in my opinion, there is a preponderance of over-saturated, garish images out there. Of course, sometimes this is the appropriate treatment for the photo, but more often, I believe, the photographer doesn't intend it. In critiquing images from my group classes and sessions with private students, over-saturation is the most common flaw I see in the processing. I recommend that as you're mastering Lightroom, and processing larger numbers of your own photos, you apply Saturation and Vibrance with a certain measure of restraint. Like all digital image processes, color saturation is a tool that must be wielded wisely.

Single Image Contact Sheet

Repeat One Photo Per Page with multiple images selected, enabling this option will force Lightroom to place only one photo on each page of the print job. Depending on the number of rows and columns you specify, this could result in just one photo on the page, or multiple copies of the same photo repeated at the same size in all the cells see Figure 6-13.

Import photos from your camera

After you've completed a shoot or filled up a memory card, you should get the files copied to your computer and backed up as soon as possible. Lightroom facilitates this and much more you can use Lightroom to handle the transfer of files from your camera to your hard disk and automatically import them into the Lightroom catalog. The one required step in this workflow is for Lightroom to physically copy the files from the memory card to the hard disk. You can also optionally have Lightroom If you do all the above steps, your photos can come straight into the Lightroom catalog loaded with metadata and looking good. This will allow you to move more quickly through editing the shoot (see Chapter 3) and get files into Develop for final processing (Chapter 4) with minimal effort.

Naming Your Image Files And Arranging Them In Folders

Your image files will be contained in folders, of whose structure you need to be acutely aware. Before importing photos into Lightroom it's best to establish a system for organizing your folders and files on the hard drive. Otherwise, you're likely to waste a lot of time looking for images, moving files around, and wondering which file is what.

A quick note about camera raw files and xmp sidecars

Because a raw file straight from the camera typically cannot be modified using software, any metadata applied to the file that you want to save on disk must be stored elsewhere. The most common method is the use of sidecar files in .xmp (Extensible Metadata Platform) format. A sidecar file is associated with a specific, individual image file and contains metadata changes made to the raw file in software such as Lightroom and Adobe Camera Raw. The sidecar must always accompany the original file in order for the metadata changes to

Some thoughts about deleting photos from the master catalog

As your image library grows to tens or hundreds of thousands of images, it may become necessary to delete unwanted images in order to save potentially significant amounts of disk space. Plan to come back to your library periodically in the future to re-confirm your editing decisions and delete unwanted files for good. You'll have better perspective with the benefit of hindsight. For now, just use the Lightroom image sources, filters etc. to conceal the images you don't want to work on.

Choosing The Photos For Your Web Gallery

Obviously, your decisions for creating and organizing your galleries needs to be based on how you want to organize your photos on your Web site. On my Web site I have distinct portfolio sets that are organized and maintained in Lightroom. On the Web site, each portfolio is a direct representation of how the photos are organized in my Lightroom catalog. This makes it easy to add or remove photos from each individual gallery, and updating entire portfolios on my site just takes a few clicks and very little time.

Moving Presets And Profiles Between Machines

You'll also need to be sure that your presets and profiles (especially camera and lens correction profiles) are the same on all affected machines. You can easily copy the contents of your Lightroom presets and profiles folder from one machine to another the challenge may be keeping them in sync, for which there is no automated method.

Show Photos in Subfolders

Though this is the default condition, depending on your folder structure, this may be neither necessary nor desirable. For one thing, showing all the contents of subfolders can slow Lightroom's performance as it reads and makes previews for the many files in the subfolders.

Page Up Page Down in Loupe

Using these keys allows you to scroll over a Loupe preview in equal columns whose widths are determined by the zoom ratio and the width of the Loupe preview. Start at the top left of the image, and press Page Down repeatedly. When you've reached the bottom of the photo and you press Page Down again, Lightroom will jump the preview to the top of the next column to the right. This is very useful when checking photos for artifacts and doing retouching such as removing dust spots, as it ensures you can see every part of the photo, which can be uncertain using only manual panning.

Stepbystep Workflow For Road Trips

On my laptop, I create a new, empty Lightroom catalog for each trip. import new photos into the trip catalog, convert to dngs, add all m y custom metadata (copyright, contact info, keywords etc.). I also apply my custom Develop defaults during import (most important is Camera Calibration). Immediately after importing, converting, keywording etc. I save the metadata out from Lightroom into the dng files. This ensures that the edits stick, and using dng a voids the need for sidecar files. The files are backed up immediately to an external hard drive or us b flash drive. 1. On the laptop, launch Lightroom and select File New Catalog. 4. Clicking Save will create a new folder, with the specified name, on the desktop. Inside that folder will be the new Lightroom catalog with the same base file name. 5. File Handling Select Copy new photos to new location and import Since you're having Lightroom perform the copy for you, in Copy to select Choose navigate to your main photo drive and select...

Export Images For Copyright Submission

For most photographers, registering photographs with the U.S. Library of Congress is an essential activity. I recommend that at least once per year you export finished photos from Lightroom to submit to the copyright office. The easiest way to do this is to export small jpgs and burn them to disc you can submit many files to the copyright office using just one form. You can also use the online registration system at http www.copyright.gov.

Applying settings to multiple photos

Lightroom a batch processing application at heart allows you to very easily apply Develop adjustment settings to many photos at one time using a variety of methods. Any Develop setting on one photo can also be applied to other photos for example, you could replicate your application of Spot Removal or dodging and burning to multiple images.

Getting Started

Welcome to Lightroom 3 Welcome to Lightroom 3 I'm pleased to be your guide as we explore this powerful, exciting new photography software. If you've never used Lightroom before, you're in for a treat. For many photographers, using Lightroom has brought much of the joy back to the process of working with photos on the computer. Those folks upgrading from previous versions of Lightroom will find a number of major improvements to functionality, plus some really useful new tools. Here's a brief overview of some of the new and improved features in Lightroom 3 Lightroom can now do catalog backups when exiting the program and this is just scratching the surface With all it offers, Lightroom 3 is an essential upgrade for all photographers using Lightroom. This book was written for digital photographers capturing and processing lots of images. As a metadata editing platform, Lightroom represents a major change in how we work with our photos. The main purpose of this book is to give you the...

New Feature Overview

This book is not meant to be read as much as it is meant to be used, presumably while at your computer. Though the workflow is mostly presented in sequence, it's also helpful to jump from one topic to another as needs dictate. You can use the material to learn Lightroom from the ground up, or refer back to something later. If you're new to digital photography, or have never used Lightroom, you will benefit from working through this book in a linear fashion. When you have a basic familiarity with the software and workflow, you can later refresh your knowledge by going straight to the section or page containing the shortcuts, tips and techniques appropriate for the task at hand. Before long, you'll know Lightroom inside and out and that's when the real fun begins If you take away one thing from reading this book, I hope it's the full comprehension of what you are capable of doing in Lightroom. Understanding the depth of Lightroom's nuances takes time, but is well worth it. This software...

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